ব্রাহ্মণ (বর্ণ)

উইকিপিডিয়া, মুক্ত বিশ্বকোষ থেকে

ব্রাহ্মণ হল হিন্দু বর্ণচতুষ্টয়ের প্রথম এবং উচ্চতম বর্ণ।[১] হিন্দুধর্মানুসারে এই বর্ণজাত ব্যক্তিগণই সমাজে শিক্ষক, আধ্যাত্মিক গুরু, শাস্ত্রজ্ঞ পণ্ডিত এবং বিধানকর্তার ভূমিকা পালন করার অধিকারপ্রাপ্ত।[২][৩][৪][৫].

শাস্ত্রানুসারে ব্রাহ্মণকুলজাত ব্যক্তিগণ বিপ্র (অর্থাৎ জ্ঞানী)[৬] এবং দ্বিজ (অর্থাৎ দু'বার জাত)[৭] হিসেবেও অভিহিত হয়ে থাকেন।

তথ্যসূত্র[সম্পাদনা]

  1. "Brahmin." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
  2. Brāhmaṇaḥ, noun: "1. A man belonging to the first of the four classes ( varṇas instead of castes in Apte's Skt-Hindi dictionary) of the Hindus, a Brāhmaṇa(priest) (born from the mouth of the Purusha)"; and ब्राह्मण brāhmaṇa, adjective, "a. 1. Belonging to a Brāhmaṇa", and other meanings, see: Apte 1965, পৃ. 707, Apte 1966, পৃ. 724–25; on p. 901 of the latter, Apte gave one of the meanings of varṇa as caste but qualified it with a statement: "mainly people of four varṇas of brāhmaṇa (scholars, priests), kṣatriya (warriors), vaiśya (merchants), śudra (artisans)", and did not permit use of the term varṇa for any caste other than these four.
  3. For definition of ब्राह्मण brāhmaṇa, with last sylable showing a Vedic accent, used as a noun as "m. (having to do with Brahman or divine knowledge), one learned in the Veda, theologian, priest, Brāhman, man of the first four castes"; and definition of ब्राह्मण brāhmaṇa, with only first syllable showing a Vedic accent, used as an adjective as "a. (i) belonging to a Brāhman, Brāhmanic", see: Macdonell 1924, পৃ. 199.
  4. For definition of brāhmaṇa, with last syllable showing Vedic accents, as a noun, "m., one who has divine knowledge, a Brāhman. a man belonging to the 1st of the 3 twice-born classes and of the 4 original divisions of the Hindū body", and the adjective brāhmaṇa, with first syllable showing a Vedic accent, as "relating to or given by a Brāhman, befitting or becoming a Br., Brāhmanical", see Monier-Williams, p. 741, middle column. Cf. Rgveda, Pune Edition, vol. 5 (index), p. 408 in which all occurrences of brāhmaṇa as first person singular show anudātta (absence of accent) on first two syllables.
  5. For definition of the neuter noun brahman (with Vedic accent on first syllable) as "n. the class of men who are the repositories and communicators of sacred knowledge, the Bramānical caste as a body (rarely an individual Brāhman)"; and the masuline noun brahman (with Vedic accent on final syllable) as "one who prays, a devout or religious man, a Brāhman who is a knower of Vedic texts or spells, one versed in sacred knowledge", see MW, pp. 737–38.
  6. Monier-Williams: inspired, inwardly stirred, wise, learned, etc.
  7. 'Dvija was used more frequently for Brahmins, but it also included Kṣatriyas and Vaiśyas who were "reborn through investiture with the sacred thread" - Monier-Williams.