সেলযুক সাম্রাজ্য

উইকিপিডিয়া, মুক্ত বিশ্বকোষ থেকে
the ruling dynasty of the empire, Seljuq dynasty দেখুন।
Seljuk Empire
Empire
1037–1194


Imperial Symbol

Great Seljuq Empire in its zenith in 1092,
upon the death of Malik Shah I
রাজধানী Nishapur
(1037–1043)
Rey
(1043–1051)
Isfahan
(1051–1118)
Hamadan, Western capital (1118–1194)
Merv, Eastern capital (1118–1153)
ভাষাসমূহ
সরকার Monarchy
Sultan
 -  1037–1063 Toghrul I (first)
 -  1174–1194 Toghrul III (last)[৫][৬]
ইতিহাস
 -  Tughril formed the state system 1037
 -  Replaced by the Khwarezmian Empire[৭] 1194
আয়তন
 -  1080 est. ৩৯,০০,০০০ বর্গ কি.মি. (১৫,০৫,৭৯৮ বর্গ মাইল)
পূর্বসূরী
উত্তরসূরী
Oghuz Yabgu State
Ghaznavid Empire
Buyid dynasty
Byzantine Empire
Kakuyids
Sultanate of Rûm
Anatolian beyliks
Ghurid Dynasty
Khwarezmian Empire
Ayyubid dynasty
Atabegs of Azerbaijan
Burid dynasty
Zengid dynasty
Danishmends
Artuqid dynasty
Saltukids
বর্তমানে অংশ
History of the Turkic peoples
History of the Turkic peoples
Pre-14th century
Turkic Khaganate 552–744
  Western Turkic
  Eastern Turkic
Avar Khaganate 564–804
Khazar Khaganate 618–1048
Xueyantuo 628–646
Great Bulgaria 632–668
  Danube Bulgaria
  Volga Bulgaria
Kangar union 659–750
Turgesh Khaganate 699–766
Uyghur Khaganate 744–840
Karluk Yabgu State 756–940
Kara-Khanid Khanate 840–1212
  Western Kara-Khanid
  Eastern Kara-Khanid
Gansu Uyghur Kingdom 848–1036
Kingdom of Qocho 856–1335
Pecheneg Khanates
860–1091
Kimek Khanate
743–1035
Cumania
1067–1239
Oghuz Yabgu State
750–1055
Shatuo dynasties 923–979
  Later Tang
  Later Jin
  Later Han (Northern Han)
Ghaznavid Empire 963–1186
Seljuk Empire 1037–1194
  Seljuk Sultanate of Rum
Khwarazmian Empire 1077–1231
Delhi Sultanate 1206–1526
  Mamluk dynasty
  Khilji dynasty
  Tughlaq dynasty
Golden Horde | [৮][৯][১০] 1240s–1502
Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo) 1250–1517
  Bahri dynasty
Faravahar background
History of Greater Iran
Until the rise of modern nation-states
Pre-modern

সেলজুক (অথবা সেল্ডজুক কখনো সেলজুক তুর্ক; তুর্কী ভাষায়: Selçuklular; ফার্সি ভাষায়: سلجوقيان সেলজুকাইন; আরবি ভাষায়: سلجوق সালজুক বা السلاجقة আল-সালাজিকা) সুন্নী মুসমান সাম্রাজ্য যারা ১১ শতক থেকে ১৪ শতক পর্যন্ত মধ্য এশিয়া এবং মধ্য প্রাচ্য শাসন করেছেন।

তথ্যসূত্র[সম্পাদনা]

  1. ১.০ ১.১ Savory, R. M., সম্পাদক (১৯৭৬)। Introduction to Islamic Civilisation। Cambridge University Press। পৃ: ৮২। আইএসবিএন 0-521-20777-0 
  2. Black, Edwin (২০০৪)। Banking on Baghdad: Inside Iraq's 7,000-year History of War, Profit and Conflict। John Wiley and Sons। পৃ: ৩৮। আইএসবিএন 0-471-67186-X 
  3. ৩.০ ৩.১ ৩.২ C.E. Bosworth, "Turkish Expansion towards the west" in UNESCO History of Humanity, Volume IV, titled "From the Seventh to the Sixteenth Century", UNESCO Publishing / Routledge, p. 391: "While the Arabic language retained its primacy in such spheres as law, theology and science, the culture of the Seljuk court and secular literature within the sultanate became largely Persianized; this is seen in the early adoption of Persian epic names by the Seljuk rulers (Qubād, Kay Khusraw and so on) and in the use of Persian as a literary language (Turkish must have been essentially a vehicle for everyday speech at this time)."
  4. Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World, Ed. Keith Brown, Sarah Ogilvie, (Elsevier Ltd., 2009), 1110; "Oghuz Turkic is first represented by Old Anatolian Turkish which was a subordinate written medium until the end of the Seljuk rule."
  5. A New General Biographical Dictionary, Vol.2, Ed. Hugh James Rose, (London, 1853), 214.
  6. Grousset, Rene, The Empire of the Steppes, (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1988), 167.
  7. Grousset, Rene (১৯৮৮)। The Empire of the Steppes। New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press। পৃ: 159, 161। আইএসবিএন 0-8135-0627-1। "In 1194, Togrul III would succumb to the onslaught of the Khwarizmian Turks, who were destined at last to succeed the Seljuks to the empire of the Middle East." 
  8. Marshall Cavendish Corporation (২০০৬)। Peoples of Western Asia। পৃ: 364। 
  9. Bosworth, Clifford Edmund (২০০৭)। Historic Cities of the Islamic World। পৃ: 280। 
  10. Borrero, Mauricio (২০০৯)। Russia: A Reference Guide from the Renaissance to the Present। পৃ: 162।