জাফরান

উইকিপিডিয়া, মুক্ত বিশ্বকোষ থেকে

টেমপ্লেট:অন্যান্য ব্যবহারসমুহ

টেমপ্লেট:EngvarB টেমপ্লেট:Use dmy dates

Delicate saffron threads, plucked from flowers and dried

জাফরান (উচ্চারণ /ˈsæfrən/ or /ˈsæfrɒn/)[১] is a spice derived from the flower of Crocus sativus, commonly known as the "saffron crocus". Saffron crocus grows to ২০–৩০ সেমি (৮–১২ ইঞ্চি) and bears up to four flowers, each with three vivid crimson stigmas, which are the distal end of a carpel.[২] The styles and stigmas, called threads, are collected and dried to be used mainly as a seasoning and colouring agent in food. Saffron, long among the world's most costly spices by weight,[৩][৪][৫] is native to Southwest Asia[৪][৬] and was probably first cultivated in or near Greece.[৭] As a genetically monomorphic clone,[৮] it was slowly propagated throughout much of Eurasia and was later brought to parts of North Africa, North America, and Oceania.

Saffron's taste and iodoform or hay-like fragrance result from the chemicals picrocrocin and safranal.[৯][১০] It also contains a carotenoid pigment, crocin, which imparts a rich golden-yellow hue to dishes and textiles. Its recorded history is attested in a 7th-century BC Assyrian botanical treatise compiled under Ashurbanipal,[১১] and it has been traded and used for over four millennia. Iran now accounts for approximately 90% of the world production of saffron.[১২]

  1. "Saffron – Definition and More"Merriam-Webster। সংগৃহীত ২১ নভেম্বর ২০১২ 
  2. Kafi et al. 2006, পৃ. 23।
  3. Rau 1969, পৃ. 53।
  4. ৪.০ ৪.১ Hill 2004, পৃ. 272।
  5. "World's COSTLIEST spice blooms in Kashmir"Rediff। সংগৃহীত ৭ জানুয়ারি ২০১৩ 
  6. Grigg 1974, পৃ. 287।
  7. McGee 2004, পৃ. 422।
  8. Rubio-Moraga এবং অন্যান্য 2009
  9. McGee 2004, পৃ. 423।
  10. Katzer 2010
  11. Russo, Dreher এবং Mathre 2003, পৃ. 6।
  12. Ghorbani 2008, পৃ. 1।