টেমপ্লেট:তথ্যছক প্রজাতি

উইকিপিডিয়া, মুক্ত বিশ্বকোষ থেকে
(টেমপ্লেট:Speciesbox থেকে পুনর্নির্দেশিত)

Acacia aemula
বৈজ্ঞানিক শ্রেণীবিন্যাস
জগৎ/রাজ্য: উদ্ভিদ (প্লান্টি)
গোষ্ঠী: সংবাহী উদ্ভিদ ট্র্যাকিওফাইট
ক্লেড: সপুষ্পক উদ্ভিদ (অ্যাঞ্জিওস্পার্মস)
ক্লেড: ইউডিকটস
গোষ্ঠী: রোসিদস
বর্গ: Fabales
পরিবার: Fabaceae
গোষ্ঠী: Mimosoideae
গণ: Acacia
প্রজাতি: A. aemula
দ্বিপদী নাম
Acacia aemula
টেমপ্লেট নথি[দেখুন] [সম্পাদনা] [ইতিহাস] [শোধন]
ট্যাক্সোবক্স সিস্টেমের জন্য স্বয়ংক্রিয় ডকুমেন্টেশন

এই পাতাটি {{স্বয়ংক্রিয় শ্রেণীবিন্যাসবিদ্যা}} টেমপ্লেট, "স্বয়ংক্রিয় শ্রেণীবিন্যাসবিদ্যা টেমপ্লেট"-এর নম্বর ব্যবহার করার বিষয়ে আরও বিশদ বিবরণ দেয়। আপনি সঠিক টেমপ্লেট ব্যবহার করছেন তা নিশ্চিত করুন; আমার কোন ট্যাক্সোবক্স ব্যবহার করা উচিত? দেখুন বিশেষ করে, প্রজাতি সংক্রান্ত নিবন্ধে প্রায় সবসময়ই {{প্রজাতি তথ্যছক}} ব্যবহার করা উচিত, এই টেমপ্লেটটি নয়।

যদি আপনি প্রথমবারের মতো "স্বয়ংক্রিয় শ্রেণীবিন্যাসবিদ্যা টেমপ্লেট" ব্যবহার করেন, নেভিগেশন বাক্সে লিঙ্ক করা পৃষ্ঠাগুলি সিস্টেমের বিভিন্ন অংশের তথ্য প্রদান করে। অন্তত ভূমিকাটি পড়া ভাল ধারণা।

প্রতিটি স্বয়ংক্রিয় শ্রেণীবিন্যাসবিদ্যাে নিম্নলিখিত সাধারণ বিন্যাস থাকা উচিত, প্রায়শই অনেকগুলি অতিরিক্ত প্যারামিটার সহ:

প্রাণিবিদ্যা সংক্রান্ত ট্যাক্সার জন্য:

{{Automatic taxobox
|taxon = Canis
|authority = [[Carl Linnaeus|Linnaeus]], 1758
}}

উদ্ভিদবিদ্যা সংক্রান্ত[১] ট্যাক্সার জন্য:

{{Automatic taxobox
|taxon = Nepenthes
|authority = [[Carl Linnaeus|L.]]
}}

নিবন্ধটি যাই হোক না কেন ট্যাক্সন হলো বৈজ্ঞানিক নাম। আপনি যদি কখনোই কোনো কর্তৃপক্ষে প্রবেশ না করে থাকেন, তাহলে আপনি প্রাসঙ্গিক উইকিপ্রকল্প থেকে সাহায্য পেতে পারেন (en:WP:TOL#Scope and descendant projects-এ একটি ডিরেক্টরি দেখুন)

"প্রিভিউ" হিট করুন। এটা সঠিক দেখায়, আপনি সম্পন্ন। আপনার পরিবর্তন সংরক্ষণ করুন। অনুগ্রহ করে পৃষ্ঠাটি সংরক্ষণ করবেন না যতক্ষণ না আপনি প্রথমে চেক করেন এবং স্বয়ংক্রিয় ট্যাক্সোবক্সের সমস্ত সমস্যা সমাধান না করেন।

এই গাইডের শেষে {{স্বয়ংক্রিয় শ্রেণীবিন্যাসবিদ্যা}}দ্বারা প্রবর্তিত সমস্ত প্যারামিটারের জন্য উপলব্ধ সমস্ত প্যারামিটারের একটি তালিকা এবং সংজ্ঞা রয়েছে৷ ম্যানুয়াল {{ট্যাক্সোবক্স}} টেমপ্লেটের বেশিরভাগ প্যারামিটার একটি স্বয়ংক্রিয় ট্যাক্সোবক্সে বৈধ, এবং কিছু প্যারামিটারের বিবরণের জন্য, সেই টেমপ্লেটের {{ডকুমেন্টেশন}} দেখুন।

সোজা উদাহরণ[সম্পাদনা]

চেইরোগ্লোসা
বৈজ্ঞানিক শ্রেণীবিন্যাস e
জগৎ/রাজ্য: উদ্ভিদ (প্লান্টি)
গোষ্ঠী: সংবাহী উদ্ভিদ ট্র্যাকিওফাইট
শ্রেণি: ফার্ন (পলিপোডিওপসিডা)
বর্গ: ওফিওগ্লসসালেস
পরিবার: ওফিওগ্লসসাচেয়াএ
উপপরিবার: ওফিওগ্লসসইদেয়াএ
গণ: চেইরোগ্লোসা
C.Presl[২]
প্রজাতি
{{Automatic taxobox
|taxon = Cheiroglossa
|authority = C.Presl<ref name=POWO_17068350-1/>
|subdivision_ranks = Species
|subdivision =
  {{Linked species list
  |Cheiroglossa malgassica|(C.Chr.) Pic.Serm.
  |Cheiroglossa palmata|(L.) Presl
  }}
|subdivision_ref = <ref name=POWO_17068350-1/>
}}


প্যানথেরা
সময়গত পরিসীমা: প্রাক্তন মিয়োসিন – বর্তমান, ৫.৯৫–০কোটি
তাডোবা আন্ধারী টাইগার রিজার্ভপ্যানথেরা টাইগ্রিস
বৈজ্ঞানিক শ্রেণীবিন্যাস e
জগৎ/রাজ্য: অ্যানিম্যালিয়া (Animalia)
পর্ব: কর্ডাটা
শ্রেণি: স্তন্যপায়ী (ম্যামেলিয়া)
বর্গ: শ্বাপদ বর্গ (মাংসাশী)
উপবর্গ: ফেলিফর্মিয়া
পরিবার: মার্জার (ফেলিদাএ)
উপপরিবার: প্যানথেরিনাএ
গণ: প্যানথেরা
ওকেন, ১৮১৬[৩]
বিদ্যমান প্রজাতি
{{Automatic taxobox
| fossil_range = [[Late Miocene]] – present, {{fossil_range|5.95|0}}
| image = Panthera tigris tigris Tidoba 20150306.jpg
| image_caption = [[Tiger|Tigress]] in [[Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve]]
| taxon = Panthera
| authority = [[Lorenz Oken|Oken]], 1816<ref name=CatSG2017/>
| subdivision_ranks = Extant species
| subdivision =
*''[[Tiger|Panthera tigris]]''
*''[[Snow leopard|Panthera uncia]]''
*''[[Jaguar|Panthera onca]]''
*''[[Lion|Panthera leo]]''
*''[[Leopard|Panthera pardus]]''
| subdivision_ref = <ref name=CatSG2017/>
}}

তৈরি ও হেরফের করা[সম্পাদনা]

অনুপস্থিত শ্রেণীবিন্যাস টেমপ্লেট[সম্পাদনা]

If you see the message "Missing taxonomy template (fix):", you didn't mess up the automatic taxobox. This error means that there isn't yet a taxonomy template for the value you've given |taxon=.

শ্রেণীবিন্যাস টেমপ্লেট তৈরি করা[সম্পাদনা]

To begin resolving this ugly red error, right-click the "fix" link and open that link in either a new tab or a new window. On the landing page, you should be editing a template corresponding to whatever taxon is at the end of the page's title. (For a complete guide to taxonomy templates, start at Introduction to taxonomy templates.)

First, fill in the rank parameter. Use the Latin name. There are many options here (see en:Wikipedia:Automated taxobox system/taxonomy templates#rank for a list of supported ranks). Some examples are as follows:

  • regnum
  • phylum
  • classis
  • ordo
  • familia
  • tribus
  • genus
  • clade or cladus
  • unranked

If what you need is something extremely atypical, you can actually just type it there instead of one of the supported ranks. It might break the taxobox, but that's what en:Wikipedia talk:Automated taxobox system is for.

You'll see |link= is already filled in for you with to give

link={{subst:#titleparts:{{subst:PAGENAME}}|2|2}}

which happens to be wikisyntax for "the part of the title of the page that comes after "Template:Taxonomy/". In other words, it will be the name of the taxon. You can leave it alone unless the name of the taxon isn't the name of the page it links to. For example, the taxon Spheniscidae is at Penguin. In this case, you would add Penguin| before {{subst:#titleparts:{{subst:PAGENAME}}|2|2}} to give

link=Penguin|{{subst:#titleparts:{{subst:PAGENAME}}|2|2}}

or you could replace what is there already to give

link=Penguin|Spheniscidae

Next, we have the |parent= parameter. All that you need to type here is the name of the immediate parent taxon, beginning with a capital letter. Use the |refs= parameter to cite a source which says that the taxon belongs in that parent taxon – in case someone challenges it later. (The only case in which you might consider omitting this parameter is if you're using a WikiProject approved taxonomy, e.g. APG for flowering plants.)

If it's an extinct taxon, fill in the |extinct= parameter with yes (or true). If it's extant, you can delete the whole line (or leave the value blank).

Now preview the taxonomy template page. If there are no error messages, then close it. Go back to the automatic taxobox you were making. Press "preview" again and now it should be ok. If there are error messages on the taxonomy template page, it probably means you have to repeat the process to create the taxon's parent' taxonomy template. Continue previewing and creating taxonomy templates for the ancestor taxa until the "taxonomy missing" errors cease.

প্রজাতির জন্য বিশেষ নির্দেশাবলী[সম্পাদনা]

Species articles only use this template in exceptional circumstances; instead use {{Speciesbox}}. See that page and its documentation. The exceptional cases are discussed below.

The reason is that whenever {{Automatic taxobox}} is used with |taxon=taxon-name, a template named "Template:Taxonomy/taxon-name" must either exist or be created in order to specify the taxonomic position of taxon-name. However, for species this is not necessary, because the taxonomic position of the species can be found by extracting the genus name from the full binomial, and then looking for "Template:Taxonomy/genus-name". So using {{Speciesbox}} considerably reduces the number of taxonomy templates needed and avoids there being different taxonomies for different species in a genus.

লিঙ্কগুলিকে জোরালো করা[সম্পাদনা]

When a taxobox appears in an article, the taxon the article is about should have its name displayed in bold. For this to work, the |link= parameter in its taxonomy template must be right. Suppose the taxon in question has the name taxon-name and the article it appears in has the title article-title. Then in the template "Taxonomy/taxon-name":

  • if taxon-name and article-title are the same, you should see |link=taxon-name
  • if taxon-name and article-title are different, you should see |link=article-title|taxon-name.

Ensure the link is entered so that it points directly to the article on that taxon without being redirected first. If the page gets moved, the taxon template that links to that article will need to be updated in order to maintain the proper bolding.

ট্যাক্সবক্স হেডার পরিবর্তন করুন[সম্পাদনা]

By default the header to the taxobox will be based on the target taxon and the page title and it will automatically be italicized if it's a genus (this template, {{Automatic taxobox}}, shouldn't normally be used for species).

If you want a different header (e.g. the common name), then specify |name=.

Add an image[সম্পাদনা]

Use the |image= and |image_caption= parameters just like you would with the {{Taxobox}}.

If you want a second image, add |image2= and |image2_caption=.

Synonyms[সম্পাদনা]

Here's an example of what to add to a taxobox where Genius and Geniosus happen to be synonyms of the named zoological taxon:

 |synonyms=
 * ''Genius'' {{small|[[Baggins]], 1934}}
 * ''Geniosus'' {{small|[[Harvey]], 1734}}

(Dates are omitted for botanical taxa.) For long lists of synonyms, {{Genus list}} and {{Taxon list}} make entry easier. Don't forget to complete |synonyms_ref=.

Forcing a taxon to display[সম্পাদনা]

If there's a particularly notable taxon of a minor rank, such as Theropoda (which contains all carnivorous dinosaurs) chances are that you'd like the taxon to display in every single taxobox that it could possibly be displayed in. Navigate to that taxon's taxonomy template. The link should be "Template:Taxonomy/" followed by the name of the taxon. In the case of Theropoda, the link would be "Template:Taxonomy/Theropoda". Add the code |always_display=true anywhere you'd like inside braces, and that should force the taxon to display all the time regardless of its rank.

Correcting a taxonomy[সম্পাদনা]

Every automatic taxobox has an edit link on the right end of the bar that says "Scientific classification" (it was a red pencil icon এপ্রিল ২০১৯-এর হিসাব অনুযায়ী). That link should give you access to a full listing of that taxon's taxonomy.

From there, you may edit a taxon by clicking "Edit" next to its name. Doing so allows you to access the corresponding Template:Taxonomy/ page, where you can assign a different parent, rank, display text, link, references, extinction status, or "display always" value. Any edits you make to one of these templates will affect all its descendant taxa, so keep that in mind while editing.

Exceptional cases[সম্পাদনা]

The great majority of taxa can be handled fully automatically by one of the automated taxoboxes once the necessary taxonomy templates at the rank of genus and above have been created. The automation includes italicizing the names of appropriate ranks. However, there are some exceptional cases where manual formatting of taxon names is needed; for example, the automatic formatting does not work correctly when uncertain names are indicated by surrounding them by double quotes, or for candidatus names in the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes.

For these exceptional cases, it is possible to supply the full wikitext of genus and species names.

  • |taxon= now specifies the lowest ranked taxon that will be handled automatically via a taxonomy template
  • if this taxon is not a genus, |genus_text= supplies the full wikitext of the genus name, complete with all required formatting including bold text if it is the lowest ranked name in the taxobox. If not the lowest rank, a link should be included for navigation.
  • |species_text= supplies the full wikitext of the abbreviated species name, complete with all required formatting, including bold text if it is the lowest ranked name in the taxobox; the species name should be complete with an abbreviated genus name (e.g. '''"''C.''" ''poecilonotus''''' to produce "C." poecilonotus)
  • |binomial_text= supplies the full wikitext of the binomial name (the text that appears in the binomial box of a species taxobox), again complete with all the required formatting; however binomials are automatically made bold, so this element is not needed

If the article has the unusually formatted scientific name as its title, it will also be necessary to use {{DISPLAYTITLE:...}} to format the article title and |name= to supply the formatted heading for the taxobox.

উদাহরণ[সম্পাদনা]

কোয়াসিয়া এসপি, 'মাউন্ট নরদি'
বৈজ্ঞানিক শ্রেণীবিন্যাস e
জগৎ/রাজ্য: উদ্ভিদ (প্লান্টি)
গোষ্ঠী: সংবাহী উদ্ভিদ ট্র্যাকিওফাইট
ক্লেড: সপুষ্পক উদ্ভিদ (অ্যাঞ্জিওস্পার্মস)
ক্লেড: ইউডিকটস
গোষ্ঠী: রোসিদস
বর্গ: শাপিন্ডালেস
পরিবার: শিমারউবাকেয়াএ
গণ: কোয়াশিয়া
প্রজাতি: Q. sp. 'Mount Nardi'
দ্বিপদী নাম
Quassia sp. 'Mount Nardi'
{{DISPLAYTITLE:''Quassia'' sp. 'Mount Nardi'}}
{{Automatic taxobox
|name = ''কোয়াসিয়া'' এসপি, 'মাউন্ট নরদি'
|taxon = Quassia
|species_text = {{nowrap|'''''Q.'' sp. 'Mount Nardi''''}}
|binomial_text = ''Quassia'' sp. 'Mount Nardi'
}}
  • The taxonomic hierarchy from the genus Quassia upwards is obtained from taxonomy templates, starting with en:Template:Taxonomy/Quassia. Clicking on the red pencil icon takes you to this template.
  • The wikitext for the species row and the binomial box are used exactly as supplied. (The {{nowrap}} in the species text ensures that parts of the name don't wrap onto the next line, and wouldn't be needed if an image made the taxobox wider.)


"কলোস্টেথাস'পোসিলোনোটাস
বৈজ্ঞানিক শ্রেণীবিন্যাস e
জগৎ/রাজ্য: অ্যানিম্যালিয়া (Animalia)
পর্ব: কর্ডাটা
শ্রেণি: অ্যামফিবিয়া
বর্গ: ব্যাঙ (আনুরা)
মহাপরিবার: ডেন্দ্রবাতইডেয়া
পরিবার: পয়জন ডার্ট ব্যাঙ (ডেনড্রোবাটিডি)
Rivero, 1991
গণ: "Colostethus"
প্রজাতি: "C.poecilonotus
দ্বিপদী নাম
"Colostethus" poecilonotus
Rivero, 1991
{{DISPLAYTITLE:"''Colostethus''" ''poecilonotus''}}
{{Automatic taxobox
| name = "''Colostethus''" ''poecilonotus''
| taxon = Dendrobatidae
| genus_text = "''[[Colostethus]]''"
| species_text =  '''"''C.''"&amp;nbsp;''poecilonotus'''''
| binomial_text =  "''Colostethus''" ''poecilonotus''
| authority = [[Juan A. Rivero|Rivero]], 1991
}}
  • The taxonomic hierarchy from the family Dendrobatidae upwards is obtained from taxonomy templates, starting with en:Template:Taxonomy/Dendrobatidae. Clicking on the red pencil icon takes you to this template. No taxonomy template is used for the genus.
  • The wikitext for the genus and species rows, plus the binomial box, are used exactly as supplied. (The &nbsp; in the species wikitext prevents the two parts of the name appearing on separate lines; it's not always necessary.)

Available parameters and how to use them[সম্পাদনা]

All parameters[সম্পাদনা]

{{automatic taxobox
|color_as=
|italic_title=
|name=
|fossil_range=
|oldest_fossil=
|youngest_fossil=
|status=
|status_system=
|status_ref=
|status2=
|status2_system=
|status2_ref=
|trend=
|image=
|image_upright=
|image_alt=
|image_caption=
|image2=
|image2_upright=
|image2_alt=
|image2_caption=
|classification_status=
|taxon=
|authority=
|parent_authority=
|grandparent_authority=
|greatgrandparent_authority=
|greatgreatgrandparent_authority=
|display_parents=
|genus_text=
|species_text=
|binomial_text=
|type_genus=
|type_genus_authority=
|type_species=
|type_species_authority=
|diversity=
|diversity_link=
|diversity_ref=
|subdivision_ranks=
|subdivision_ref=
|subdivision=
|type_strain=
|range_map=
|range_map_upright=
|range_map_alt=
|range_map_caption=
|range_map2=
|range_map2_upright=
|range_map2_alt=
|range_map2_caption=
|synonyms=
|synonyms_ref=
}}

Italic title[সম্পাদনা]

It is not usually necessary to do anything to italicize the page title and supply an italicized taxobox name if |name= is absent; both are normally handled automatically. Since 28 May 2021, this includes page titles that are botanical names containing a connecting term, like Banksia ser. Banksia.

The automatic italicization fails for pages whose title contains a parenthesised subgenus, such as Camponotus (Dendromyrmex), because by default parenthesised terms are treated as a disambiguators and not italicized. In this case, add |italic_title=taxon to force the page title to be treated as a complete taxon name.

In a very few special cases, the correct italicization has to be produced manually. In such cases:

  • put |italic_title=no in the taxobox to prevent the automatic attempt to italicize the page title and to add an italicized taxobox name
  • add {{DISPLAYTITLE:}} above the taxobox template with the fully formatted page title after the colon
  • put |name= in the taxobox with a fully formatted taxobox name.

Parameter |taxon=[সম্পাদনা]

Generally, this is the name of the taxon the article is about. In the resulting taxobox, this parameter is the one that is bolded. (To bold multiple taxa, see #Making the links bold.)

More accurately, if |taxon=TAXON, the system will expect there to be a page at "Template:Taxonomy/TAXON". In some circumstances, TAXON may not be the name of the taxon, e.g. if a plant and animal share the same genus name, there may be two taxonomy templates called "Template:Taxonomy/GENUS (plant)" and "Template:Taxonomy/GENUS (animal)". In such cases, something like the following is required:

{{Automatic taxobox
| taxon = GENUS (plant)

This ensures that the system links to the right taxonomy template.

If this parameter is omitted, ডিসেম্বর ২০১২-এর হিসাব অনুযায়ী the system will attempt to infer what its value should be from the page name. Omitting the taxon parameter is strongly deprecated and may not be supported in future.

Parameter |name=[সম্পাদনা]

If the title of the taxobox should be different from the default value, enter it here. This is most commonly used for common names.

Parameter |authority=[সম্পাদনা]

This parameter is similar to the authority parameters in the {{Taxobox}}. The only difference is that you don't have to specify the rank this authority matches up with – it will pair it with the taxon listed in the |taxon= parameter.

Parameter |fossil_range=[সম্পাদনা]

There are two ways of using this parameter.

  1. |fossil_range=recognized period name, e.g. |fossil_range=Devonian – assumes the taxon has fossils only in this period and produces a display accordingly.
  2. |fossil_range=any other value – displays the value provided. Often this will be a use of the template {{Geological range}}, e.g. |fossil_range={{Geological range|Devonian|Jurassic}}; however, it can also be plain text, e.g. |fossil_range=Probably Devonian–Jurassic.

See also |oldest_fossil= and |youngest_fossil= below.

Parameters |oldest_fossil= and |youngest_fossil=[সম্পাদনা]

These parameters are an alternative way of specifying the fossil range. If |youngest_fossil= is omitted, its value defaults to "Recent". |oldest_fossil=Devonian with |youngest_fossil=Jurassic has the same effect as |fossil_range={{Geological range|Devonian|Jurassic}}. If either parameter has a value that is not recognized as a period name, then plain text is output.

Parameters |status=, |status_system=, and |status_ref=[সম্পাদনা]

See en:Template:Taxobox/species/doc.

Tracking categories:

Parameter |display_parents=[সম্পাদনা]

If you need to display a certain number of parent taxa, adding a number here will force that many parent taxa to appear.

Parameter |parent_authority=, etc.[সম্পাদনা]

Parameter |parent_authority=
Parameter |grandparent_authority=
Parameter |greatgrandparent_authority=
Parameter |greatgreatgrandparent_authority=

These function just like |authority=, except they match up with the parent taxon, grandparent taxon, etc.

Warning The "ancestor" taxon is the one defined by the taxonomy templates (i.e. the various "Template:Taxonomy/<taxon>" pages, where <taxon> is the name of a taxon). This "ancestor" taxon may not be the taxon you expect! Further, if someone later changes the taxonomic hierarchy defined in the taxonomy templates by adding or removing a taxon, the authority can become incorrect. For example, if you are setting up a taxobox for a genus and the parent taxon is currently the family, |parent_authority= shows the authority for the family in the taxobox. If someone later adds a subfamily between the genus and the family, |parent_authority= will now refer to the subfamily, and the authority will be displayed incorrectly. These parameters should only be used if really necessary.

TemplateData[সম্পাদনা]

নতুন দৃশ্যমান সম্পাদনা দ্বারা ব্যবহৃত টেমপ্লেটের জন্য টেমপ্লেটডাটা নথি।

তথ্যছক প্রজাতি শীর্ষ

An infobox for plants, animals and other biological taxa, normally at the rank of genus and above

টেমপ্লেট প্যারামিটার

এই টেমপ্লেটটি প্যারামিটারের ব্লক বিন্যাসন পছন্দ করে।

প্যারামিটারবিবরণধরনঅবস্থা
italic_titleitalic_title

Specifying "no" suppresses the automatic italicization of the page title; needed whenever the page title's italicization has to be handled manually. Specifying "taxon" forces the page title to be treated as a taxon name when italicizing; needed for titles like "Camponotus (Dendromyrmex)".

উদাহরণ
no
স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
color_ascolor_as

Taxon defining the taxobox color if needed (normally not)

উদাহরণ
Animalia
স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
namename

Title of the taxobox; may be the English name of the group; will be set from the page title if omitted

উদাহরণ
Scallop
স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
fossil_rangefossil_range

The geologic time span during which the group is generally known to have existed, given in eras; the template {{Fossil range}} is the most common method of presenting this information

উদাহরণ
{{Fossil range|Middle Triassic|Present}}
টেমপ্লেটঐচ্ছিক
oldest_fossiloldest_fossil

The geological era of the oldest known fossil; paired with youngest_fossil, an alternative to fossil_range

উদাহরণ
Devonian
স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
youngest_fossilyoungest_fossil

The geological era of the youngest known fossil; paired with oldest_fossil, an alternative to fossil_range; defaults to 'Recent'

উদাহরণ
Jurassic
স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
imageimage

An image of member of the group, given without the File: or Image: prefix and without double brackets

উদাহরণ
Argopecten irradians.jpg
ফাইলপরামর্শকৃত
image_uprightimage_upright

Used to adjust the displayed size of an image with an extreme aspect ratio. Values under 1.0 decrease the size of an image (most useful for very tall, narrow images) Values over 1.0 increase the size of an image (possibly useful for short, wide images)

সংখ্যাঐচ্ছিক
image_altimage_alt

Text describing what is depicted in the image

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
image_captionimage_caption

A caption for the image, if any is necessary. Do not simply repeat the name of the taxon

উদাহরণ
The Atlantic bay scallop in a feeding pose
স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
image2image2

A second image of member of the group, given without the File: or Image: prefix and without double brackets.

ফাইলঐচ্ছিক
image2_uprightimage2_upright

Used to adjust the displayed size of an image with an extreme aspect ratio. Values under 1.0 decrease the size of an image (most useful for very tall, narrow images) Values over 1.0 increase the size of an image (possibly useful for short, wide images)

সংখ্যাঐচ্ছিক
image2_altimage2_alt

Text describing what is depicted in the second image

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
image2_captionimage2_caption

A caption for the second image, if any is necessary. Do not simply repeat the name of the taxon

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Conservation statusstatus

The conservation status of the taxon

উদাহরণ
CITES_A1
স্ট্রিংঅবচিত
Conservation status systemstatus_system

The authority assigning a conservation status

উদাহরণ
IUCN3.1
স্ট্রিংঅবচিত
status_refstatus_ref

A citation that supports the displayed status and status_system parameters

স্ট্রিংঅবচিত
extinctextinct

The date a taxon was declared extinct (specifying |status=EX is required in order for the date to display). The parameter |fossil_range should be used for taxa known only from fossils..

অজানাঐচ্ছিক
Classification statusclassification_status

The status of the scientific group, usually presented as either Disputed or Accepted

উদাহরণ
Disputed
স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
greatgreatgrandparent_authoritygreatgreatgrandparent_authority

The describing authority for the greatgreatgrandparent taxon of a group. Should only be specified when the greatgreatgrandparent, greatgrandparent, grandparent and parent taxa are monotypic

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
greatgrandparent_authoritygreatgrandparent_authority

The describing authority for the greatgrandparent taxon of a group. Should only be specified when the greatgrandparent, grandparent and parent taxa are monotypic

অজানাঐচ্ছিক
grandparent_authoritygrandparent_authority

The describing authority for the grandparent taxon of a group. Should only be specified when the grandparent and parent taxa are monotypic

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Parent authorityparent_authority

The describing authority for the parent taxon of a group. Should only be specified when the parent taxon is monotypic

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Parents to displaydisplay_parents

The number of parent taxa to be displayed above the one specified by the taxon parameter; not normally needed. Used to display minor ranks between the specified taxon and the next higher major rank (e.g. for a genus, tribe and subfamily). Display parents should not be used to display a minor rank above the next major rank (e.g., for a genus, suborder). If it is desirable to display such a minor rank for all subordinate taxa, set "always_display" in the taxonomy template for that rank.

উদাহরণ
3
সংখ্যাঐচ্ছিক
taxontaxon

Scientific name of group with no formatting; the entry point into the taxonomic hierarchy generated automatically from taxonomy templates

উদাহরণ
Pectinidae
স্ট্রিংপ্রয়োজনীয়
genus_textgenus_text

In exceptional cases only, the full wikitext of the genus name to be displayed in the taxobox

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
species_textspecies_text

In exceptional cases only, the full wikitext of the abbreviated species name to be displayed in the taxobox; binomial_text is required if this parameter is present

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
binomial_textbinomial_text

In exceptional cases only, the full wikitext (without bold markup) of the binomial name to be displayed in the taxobox; required if species_text is present

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
authorityauthority

The describing authority for the group in the appropriate format, which differs between nomenclature codes; presence or absence of parentheses is meaningful

উদাহরণ
Wilkes, 1810 – animal; (L.) Mill. – plant
স্ট্রিংপ্রয়োজনীয়
Type speciestype_species

The original name of the species that was initially used to describe a genus, without regard to its present-day nomenclature

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Type species authoritytype_species_authority

The describer of the original name of the species, so without parentheses

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Type genustype_genus

The original name of the genus that was initially used to define a taxon at a rank above genus, without regard to its present-day nomenclature

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Type genus authoritytype_genus_authority

The describer of the original name of the genus

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Rank of subdivisionssubdivision_ranks

The name of the next lowest rank(s) in the taxonomic hierarchy

উদাহরণ
Species
স্ট্রিংপরামর্শকৃত
Subdivisions referencesubdivision_ref

A reference supporting the subdivisions shown in the list

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
subdivisionsubdivision

A list of taxa at the next lowest rank(s) in the taxonomic hierarchy. When there are many (10+) taxa at the lower rank, they should be displayed in the body of the article, not the taxobox

স্ট্রিংপরামর্শকৃত
diversitydiversity

An estimate of the number of child taxa (e.g. species in a genus)

উদাহরণ
170–180 species
স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Diversity linkdiversity_link

The title of a separate page with a list of child taxa, or a section of the current page with a list of children. Does not require link mark-up for a separate page; use # to make a link to a section of the current page

উদাহরণ
#Species
স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Diversity referencediversity_ref

A reference supporting the estimated number of child taxa

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
range_maprange_map

The name of the image file, if any, showing the group's geographic habitat range, without the File: or Image: prefix and without double brackets

উদাহরণ
Aplodontia rufa distribution map.png
ফাইলঐচ্ছিক
range_map_uprightrange_map_upright

Used to adjust the displayed size of a range map. May be useful when the range map has an extreme aspect ratio (use values <1 for tall/narrow range maps, and >1 for short/wide range maps). May also be necessary if an image_upright parameter is specified

সংখ্যাঐচ্ছিক
range_map_altrange_map_alt

Text describing the range depicted in the map

উদাহরণ
Map of Africa, with shading indicating the genus occurs in the eastern part of the island of Madagascar
স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
range_map_captionrange_map_caption

A caption for the range map, if any is necessary

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
range_map2range_map2

The name of the image file, if any, showing the group's geographic habitat range, without the File: or Image: prefix and without double brackets. Mostly useful when a species has a narrow range, in order to display maps at different scales

ফাইলঐচ্ছিক
range_map2_uprightrange_map2_upright

Used to adjust the displayed size of a second range map. May be useful when the range map has an extreme aspect ratio (use values <1 for tall/narrow range maps, and >1 for short/wide range maps). May also be necessary if an image_upright parameter is specified

সংখ্যাঐচ্ছিক
range_map2_altrange_map2_alt

Text describing the range depicted in the second map

উদাহরণ
Map of Madagascar, with shading indicating the genus occurs in the eastern part of the island
স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
range_map2_captionrange_map2_caption

A caption for the second range map, if any is necessary.

অজানাঐচ্ছিক
Taxonomic synonymssynonyms

Taxonomic synonyms. These should be displayed in a collapsed list format if there are many of them.

অজানাঐচ্ছিক
Synonyms referencesynonyms_ref

A reference supporting the synonymy shown in the list

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক

Tracking/maintenance categories[সম্পাদনা]

Footnotes[সম্পাদনা]

  1. Fungi and algae are classically treated as botanical subjects; see International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants.
  2. "Cheiroglossa C.Presl", Plants of the World Online, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০১৯-১১-১৮ 
  3. Kitchener, A. C.; Breitenmoser-Würsten, C.; Eizirik, E.; Gentry, A.; Werdelin, L.; Wilting, A.; Yamaguchi, N.; Abramov, A. V.; Christiansen, P.; Driscoll, C.; Duckworth, J. W.; Johnson, W.; Luo, S.-J.; Meijaard, E.; O’Donoghue, P.; Sanderson, J.; Seymour, K.; Bruford, M.; Groves, C.; Hoffmann, M.; Nowell, K.; Timmons, Z.; Tobe, S. (২০১৭)। "A revised taxonomy of the Felidae: The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group" (পিডিএফ)Cat News (Special Issue 11): 66−75। 

Straightforward examples[সম্পাদনা]

Cheiroglossa
বৈজ্ঞানিক শ্রেণীবিন্যাস e
জগৎ/রাজ্য: উদ্ভিদ (প্লান্টি)
গোষ্ঠী: সংবাহী উদ্ভিদ ট্র্যাকিওফাইট
শ্রেণি: ফার্ন (পলিপোডিওপসিডা)
বর্গ: ওফিওগ্লসসালেস
পরিবার: ওফিওগ্লসসাচেয়াএ
উপপরিবার: ওফিওগ্লসসইদেয়াএ
গণ: চেইরোগ্লোসা
C.Presl[১]
Species
{{Automatic taxobox
|taxon = Cheiroglossa
|authority = C.Presl<ref name=POWO_17068350-1/>
|subdivision_ranks = Species
|subdivision =
  {{Linked species list
  |Cheiroglossa malgassica|(C.Chr.) Pic.Serm.
  |Cheiroglossa palmata|(L.) Presl
  }}
|subdivision_ref = <ref name=POWO_17068350-1/>
}}


Panthera
সময়গত পরিসীমা: Late Miocene – present, ৫.৯৫–০কোটি
Tigress in Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve
বৈজ্ঞানিক শ্রেণীবিন্যাস e
জগৎ/রাজ্য: অ্যানিম্যালিয়া (Animalia)
পর্ব: কর্ডাটা
শ্রেণি: স্তন্যপায়ী (ম্যামেলিয়া)
বর্গ: শ্বাপদ বর্গ (মাংসাশী)
উপবর্গ: ফেলিফর্মিয়া
পরিবার: মার্জার (ফেলিদাএ)
উপপরিবার: প্যানথেরিনাএ
গণ: প্যানথেরা
Oken, 1816[২]
Extant species
{{Automatic taxobox
| fossil_range = [[Late Miocene]] – present, {{fossil_range|5.95|0}}
| image = Panthera tigris tigris Tidoba 20150306.jpg
| image_caption = [[Tiger|Tigress]] in [[Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve]]
| taxon = Panthera
| authority = [[Lorenz Oken|Oken]], 1816<ref name=CatSG2017/>
| subdivision_ranks = Extant species
| subdivision =
*''[[Tiger|Panthera tigris]]''
*''[[Snow leopard|Panthera uncia]]''
*''[[Jaguar|Panthera onca]]''
*''[[Lion|Panthera leo]]''
*''[[Leopard|Panthera pardus]]''
| subdivision_ref = <ref name=CatSG2017/>
}}

Creating and manipulating[সম্পাদনা]

"Missing taxonomy template"[সম্পাদনা]

If you see the message "Missing taxonomy template (fix):", you didn't mess up the automatic taxobox. This error means that there isn't yet a taxonomy template for the value you've given |taxon=.

Creating the taxonomy template[সম্পাদনা]

To begin resolving this ugly red error, right-click the "fix" link and open that link in either a new tab or a new window. On the landing page, you should be editing a template corresponding to whatever taxon is at the end of the page's title. (For a complete guide to taxonomy templates, start at Introduction to taxonomy templates.)

First, fill in the rank parameter. Use the Latin name. There are many options here (see Wikipedia:Automated taxobox system/taxonomy templates#rank for a list of supported ranks). Some examples are as follows:

  • regnum
  • phylum
  • classis
  • ordo
  • familia
  • tribus
  • genus
  • clade or cladus
  • unranked

If what you need is something extremely atypical, you can actually just type it there instead of one of the supported ranks. It might break the taxobox, but that's what Wikipedia talk:Automated taxobox system is for.

You'll see |link= is already filled in for you with to give

link={{subst:#titleparts:{{subst:PAGENAME}}|2|2}}

which happens to be wikisyntax for "the part of the title of the page that comes after "Template:Taxonomy/". In other words, it will be the name of the taxon. You can leave it alone unless the name of the taxon isn't the name of the page it links to. For example, the taxon Spheniscidae is at Penguin. In this case, you would add Penguin| before {{subst:#titleparts:{{subst:PAGENAME}}|2|2}} to give

link=Penguin|{{subst:#titleparts:{{subst:PAGENAME}}|2|2}}

or you could replace what is there already to give

link=Penguin|Spheniscidae

Next, we have the |parent= parameter. All that you need to type here is the name of the immediate parent taxon, beginning with a capital letter. Use the |refs= parameter to cite a source which says that the taxon belongs in that parent taxon – in case someone challenges it later. (The only case in which you might consider omitting this parameter is if you're using a WikiProject approved taxonomy, e.g. APG for flowering plants.)

If it's an extinct taxon, fill in the |extinct= parameter with yes (or true). If it's extant, you can delete the whole line (or leave the value blank).

Now preview the taxonomy template page. If there are no error messages, then close it. Go back to the automatic taxobox you were making. Press "preview" again and now it should be ok. If there are error messages on the taxonomy template page, it probably means you have to repeat the process to create the taxon's parent' taxonomy template. Continue previewing and creating taxonomy templates for the ancestor taxa until the "taxonomy missing" errors cease.

Special instructions for species[সম্পাদনা]

Species articles only use this template in exceptional circumstances; instead use {{Speciesbox}}. See that page and its documentation. The exceptional cases are discussed below.

The reason is that whenever {{Automatic taxobox}} is used with |taxon=taxon-name, a template named "Template:Taxonomy/taxon-name" must either exist or be created in order to specify the taxonomic position of taxon-name. However, for species this is not necessary, because the taxonomic position of the species can be found by extracting the genus name from the full binomial, and then looking for "Template:Taxonomy/genus-name". So using {{Speciesbox}} considerably reduces the number of taxonomy templates needed and avoids there being different taxonomies for different species in a genus.

Making the links bold[সম্পাদনা]

When a taxobox appears in an article, the taxon the article is about should have its name displayed in bold. For this to work, the |link= parameter in its taxonomy template must be right. Suppose the taxon in question has the name taxon-name and the article it appears in has the title article-title. Then in the template "Taxonomy/taxon-name":

  • if taxon-name and article-title are the same, you should see |link=taxon-name
  • if taxon-name and article-title are different, you should see |link=article-title|taxon-name.

Ensure the link is entered so that it points directly to the article on that taxon without being redirected first. If the page gets moved, the taxon template that links to that article will need to be updated in order to maintain the proper bolding.

Change the taxobox header[সম্পাদনা]

By default the header to the taxobox will be based on the target taxon and the page title and it will automatically be italicized if it's a genus (this template, {{Automatic taxobox}}, shouldn't normally be used for species).

If you want a different header (e.g. the common name), then specify |name=.

Add an image[সম্পাদনা]

Use the |image= and |image_caption= parameters just like you would with the {{Taxobox}}.

If you want a second image, add |image2= and |image2_caption=.

Synonyms[সম্পাদনা]

Here's an example of what to add to a taxobox where Genius and Geniosus happen to be synonyms of the named zoological taxon:

 |synonyms=
 * ''Genius'' {{small|[[Baggins]], 1934}}
 * ''Geniosus'' {{small|[[Harvey]], 1734}}

(Dates are omitted for botanical taxa.) For long lists of synonyms, {{Genus list}} and {{Taxon list}} make entry easier. Don't forget to complete |synonyms_ref=.

Forcing a taxon to display[সম্পাদনা]

If there's a particularly notable taxon of a minor rank, such as Theropoda (which contains all carnivorous dinosaurs) chances are that you'd like the taxon to display in every single taxobox that it could possibly be displayed in. Navigate to that taxon's taxonomy template. The link should be "Template:Taxonomy/" followed by the name of the taxon. In the case of Theropoda, the link would be "Template:Taxonomy/Theropoda". Add the code |always_display=true anywhere you'd like inside braces, and that should force the taxon to display all the time regardless of its rank.

Correcting a taxonomy[সম্পাদনা]

Every automatic taxobox has an edit link on the right end of the bar that says "Scientific classification" (it was a red pencil icon এপ্রিল ২০১৯-এর হিসাব অনুযায়ী). That link should give you access to a full listing of that taxon's taxonomy.

From there, you may edit a taxon by clicking "Edit" next to its name. Doing so allows you to access the corresponding Template:Taxonomy/ page, where you can assign a different parent, rank, display text, link, references, extinction status, or "display always" value. Any edits you make to one of these templates will affect all its descendant taxa, so keep that in mind while editing.

Available parameters and how to use them[সম্পাদনা]

All parameters[সম্পাদনা]

{{automatic taxobox
|color_as=
|italic_title=
|name=
|fossil_range=
|oldest_fossil=
|youngest_fossil=
|status=
|status_system=
|status_ref=
|status2=
|status2_system=
|status2_ref=
|trend=
|image=
|image_upright=
|image_alt=
|image_caption=
|image2=
|image2_upright=
|image2_alt=
|image2_caption=
|classification_status=
|taxon=
|authority=
|parent_authority=
|grandparent_authority=
|greatgrandparent_authority=
|greatgreatgrandparent_authority=
|display_parents=
|genus_text=
|species_text=
|binomial_text=
|type_genus=
|type_genus_authority=
|type_species=
|type_species_authority=
|diversity=
|diversity_link=
|diversity_ref=
|subdivision_ranks=
|subdivision_ref=
|subdivision=
|type_strain=
|range_map=
|range_map_upright=
|range_map_alt=
|range_map_caption=
|range_map2=
|range_map2_upright=
|range_map2_alt=
|range_map2_caption=
|synonyms=
|synonyms_ref=
}}

Italic title[সম্পাদনা]

It is not usually necessary to do anything to italicize the page title and supply an italicized taxobox name if |name= is absent; both are normally handled automatically. Since 28 May 2021, this includes page titles that are botanical names containing a connecting term, like Banksia ser. Banksia.

The automatic italicization fails for pages whose title contains a parenthesised subgenus, such as Camponotus (Dendromyrmex), because by default parenthesised terms are treated as a disambiguators and not italicized. In this case, add |italic_title=taxon to force the page title to be treated as a complete taxon name.

In a very few special cases, the correct italicization has to be produced manually. In such cases:

  • put |italic_title=no in the taxobox to prevent the automatic attempt to italicize the page title and to add an italicized taxobox name
  • add {{DISPLAYTITLE:}} above the taxobox template with the fully formatted page title after the colon
  • put |name= in the taxobox with a fully formatted taxobox name.

Parameter |taxon=[সম্পাদনা]

Generally, this is the name of the taxon the article is about. In the resulting taxobox, this parameter is the one that is bolded. (To bold multiple taxa, see #Making the links bold.)

More accurately, if |taxon=TAXON, the system will expect there to be a page at "Template:Taxonomy/TAXON". In some circumstances, TAXON may not be the name of the taxon, e.g. if a plant and animal share the same genus name, there may be two taxonomy templates called "Template:Taxonomy/GENUS (plant)" and "Template:Taxonomy/GENUS (animal)". In such cases, something like the following is required:

{{Automatic taxobox
| taxon = GENUS (plant)

This ensures that the system links to the right taxonomy template.

If this parameter is omitted, ডিসেম্বর ২০১২-এর হিসাব অনুযায়ী the system will attempt to infer what its value should be from the page name. Omitting the taxon parameter is strongly deprecated and may not be supported in future.

Parameter |name=[সম্পাদনা]

If the title of the taxobox should be different from the default value, enter it here. This is most commonly used for common names.

Parameter |authority=[সম্পাদনা]

This parameter is similar to the authority parameters in the {{Taxobox}}. The only difference is that you don't have to specify the rank this authority matches up with – it will pair it with the taxon listed in the |taxon= parameter.

Parameter |fossil_range=[সম্পাদনা]

There are two ways of using this parameter.

  1. |fossil_range=recognized period name, e.g. |fossil_range=Devonian – assumes the taxon has fossils only in this period and produces a display accordingly.
  2. |fossil_range=any other value – displays the value provided. Often this will be a use of the template {{Geological range}}, e.g. |fossil_range={{Geological range|Devonian|Jurassic}}; however, it can also be plain text, e.g. |fossil_range=Probably Devonian–Jurassic.

See also |oldest_fossil= and |youngest_fossil= below.

Parameters |oldest_fossil= and |youngest_fossil=[সম্পাদনা]

These parameters are an alternative way of specifying the fossil range. If |youngest_fossil= is omitted, its value defaults to "Recent". |oldest_fossil=Devonian with |youngest_fossil=Jurassic has the same effect as |fossil_range={{Geological range|Devonian|Jurassic}}. If either parameter has a value that is not recognized as a period name, then plain text is output.

Parameters |status=, |status_system=, and |status_ref=[সম্পাদনা]

See Template:Taxobox/species/doc.

Tracking categories:

Parameter |display_parents=[সম্পাদনা]

If you need to display a certain number of parent taxa, adding a number here will force that many parent taxa to appear.

Parameter |parent_authority=, etc.[সম্পাদনা]

Parameter |parent_authority=
Parameter |grandparent_authority=
Parameter |greatgrandparent_authority=
Parameter |greatgreatgrandparent_authority=

These function just like |authority=, except they match up with the parent taxon, grandparent taxon, etc.

Warning The "ancestor" taxon is the one defined by the taxonomy templates (i.e. the various "Template:Taxonomy/<taxon>" pages, where <taxon> is the name of a taxon). This "ancestor" taxon may not be the taxon you expect! Further, if someone later changes the taxonomic hierarchy defined in the taxonomy templates by adding or removing a taxon, the authority can become incorrect. For example, if you are setting up a taxobox for a genus and the parent taxon is currently the family, |parent_authority= shows the authority for the family in the taxobox. If someone later adds a subfamily between the genus and the family, |parent_authority= will now refer to the subfamily, and the authority will be displayed incorrectly. These parameters should only be used if really necessary.

Tracking/maintenance categories[সম্পাদনা]

Footnotes[সম্পাদনা]

  1. "Cheiroglossa C.Presl", Plants of the World Online, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০১৯-১১-১৮ 
  2. Kitchener, A. C.; Breitenmoser-Würsten, C.; Eizirik, E.; Gentry, A.; Werdelin, L.; Wilting, A.; Yamaguchi, N.; Abramov, A. V.; Christiansen, P.; Driscoll, C.; Duckworth, J. W.; Johnson, W.; Luo, S.-J.; Meijaard, E.; O’Donoghue, P.; Sanderson, J.; Seymour, K.; Bruford, M.; Groves, C.; Hoffmann, M.; Nowell, K.; Timmons, Z.; Tobe, S. (২০১৭)। "A revised taxonomy of the Felidae: The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group" (পিডিএফ)Cat News (Special Issue 11): 66−75। 

{{প্রজাতি তথ্যছক}} is one of the automated taxobox templates used to generate a taxobox automatically. (ফেব্রুয়ারি ২০১৯-এর হিসাব অনুযায়ী, there were 8 such templates.) It's part of the "automated taxobox system", and is used for taxa (groups of organisms) at the rank of species (excluding viruses). The pages linked in the navigation box provide information on different parts of the system.

Note: If you are a new user, it's a good idea to read the automated taxobox system introduction first; in particular to be sure that you are using the right automated taxobox.

This template is used to display a taxobox for a species whose parent's taxonomy is stored in taxonomy templates. A requirement is that the name of the species is displayed as a simple binomial (i.e. in the form Genus species). In a few special cases, the name of the species is displayed differently (as for example at Halictus? savenyei), when {{Automatic taxobox}} is used.

মনে রাখবেন যে প্রজাতির বাক্স টেমপ্লেটটি প্রজাতির জন্য শ্রেণীবিন্যাস টেমপ্লেটের প্রয়োজন বা ব্যবহার করে না; এটি শুধুমাত্র পিতামাতার শ্রেণীবিন্যাসের জন্য শ্রেণীবিন্যাস টেমপ্লেট ব্যবহার করে, সাধারণত বর্গ (genus)।

ব্যবহার[সম্পাদনা]

ব্যবহারটি মূলত {{স্বয়ংক্রিয় শ্রেণীবিন্যাসবিদ্যা}} (নীচে উল্লেখ করা কয়েকটি বৈচিত্র সহ) এর মতোই।

এই টেমপ্লেটটি ব্যবহার করার ক্ষেত্রে পাঁচটি প্রধান ক্ষেত্রে বিবেচনা করতে হবে:

সহজ ক্ষেত্রে[সম্পাদনা]

নিবন্ধটি যদি এমন প্রজাতি সম্পর্কে হয় যার দ্বিপদ ও বর্গ নাম উভয়ই সোজা (যেমন, প্রজাতি এবং এর বর্গের মধ্যে কোনও শ্রেণী নেই, কোনও বর্ণসঙ্কর প্রতীক নেই, বংশের নামের কোনও বন্ধনী দ্ব্যর্থতা নেই), তাহলে ন্যূনতম প্রয়োজনটিtaxon প্যারামিটারটি নির্দিষ্ট করতে হবে:[note ১]

  • |taxon=name of the species without any formatting (e.g. Quercus major, Lobatus gigas)
(বিকল্পভাবে আপনি আলাদাভাবেgenusএবং speciesপ্যারামিটারটি ব্যবহার করতে পারেন - এগুলো {{স্বয়ংক্রিয় শ্রেণীবিন্যাসবিদ্যা}} থেকে আলাদা:
  • |genus=name of the genus without any formatting (e.g. Quercus, Lobatus)
  • |species=specific epithet or name without any formatting (e.g. major, gigas)
এটি সামান্য প্রক্রিয়াকরণের প্রয়োজনীয়তা হ্রাস করে।)

নিবন্ধে {{বাঁকা শিরোনাম}} অন্তর্ভুক্ত করার প্রয়োজন নেই; প্রয়োজনে এটি প্রজাতির বাক্স টেমপ্লেট দ্বারা স্বয়ংক্রিয়ভাবে যোগ করা হবে।

আরও জটিল ক্ষেত্রে, নীচের অন্যান্য বিভাগগুলি দেখুন।

Simple examples[সম্পাদনা]

  • দ্বিপদ নামের পৃষ্ঠা; এর শিরোনাম হিসাবে দ্বিপদ নাম থাকতে ট্যাক্সোবক্স প্রদর্শিত হয়, যেমন লোবাটাস গিগাস
{{Speciesbox
| taxon = Lobatus gigas --recommended [note ১]
| authority = (Linnaeus, 1758) --optional; this is the authority for the binomial (species) name
... --other optional parameters, e.g. for an image
}}
Alternatively, use separate parameters for the genus name and the specific name/epithet.
{{Speciesbox
| genus = Lobatus
| species = gigas
| authority = (Linnaeus, 1758) --optional; this is the authority for the binomial (species) name
... --other optional parameters, e.g. for an image
}}
  • Page at the binomial name; displayed taxobox to have the common name as its title, e.g. Allium moly.
{{Speciesbox
| name = Golden garlic --required if title of taxobox ≠ taxon name
| taxon = Allium moly
| authority = L. --optional; this is the authority for the binomial (species) name
... --other optional parameters, e.g. for an image
}}
  • Page at the common name; displayed taxobox to have the same common name as its title, e.g. Lily of the valley.
{{Speciesbox
| name = Lily of the valley --optional (defaults to page title)
| taxon = Convallaria majalis --essential
... --other optional parameters, e.g. for an image
}}

Extinct species[সম্পাদনা]

If the genus is extinct, the extinct status will be picked up automatically from the taxonomy template for the genus, and a † placed before the species name in the taxobox.

If the species is extinct, but the genus is not, then to achieve the same effect, use one of

  • |extinct=yes (true is also accepted)
  • |extinct=DATE – for recently extinct species, such as the Dodo, to show when it became extinct. DATE is free-form text: examples are "1780", "about 1700", "after 1791". The DATE text will be displayed if (and only if) |status= is set to "EX" or equivalents in different status systems.

Hybrid botanical species[সম্পাদনা]

The hybrid sign, ×, should not be italicized, whereas the rest of the binomial should be. The example below shows how to achieve the desired effect. In this case, the single taxon parameter can't be used.

{{Speciesbox
| genus = Polygonatum
| species = × hybridum
| ...
}}

Notes:

  • The × character is available in the list under the edit text box. (If you use {{hybrid}}, the automatic italicization of the article title won't work.)
  • In the article body, you can either use ''Polygonatum'' × ''hybridum'', or ''Polygonatum {{hybrid}} hybridum'' to obtain the correct italicization.

Genus names duplicated across kingdoms[সম্পাদনা]

A special case is where the name of the genus is duplicated in different kingdoms, e.g. Acanthocarpus, which is used for a plant and a crab. The taxonomy template for the plant has to be at Template:Taxonomy/Acanthocarpus (plant) to allow there to be a separate page at "Template:Taxonomy/Acanthocarpus (crab)". Consider the page Acanthocarpus preissii. The taxobox has to be set up in this way:

{{Speciesbox
| genus   = Acanthocarpus (plant)
| species = preissii
| ...
}}

The corresponding taxonomy template for the genus, Template:Taxonomy/Acanthocarpus (plant), contains the line:

| link = Acanthocarpus (plant)|Acanthocarpus

to ensure that wikilinks are to "Acanthocarpus (plant)" whereas the displayed genus name is "Acanthocarpus".

Note that this approach is only necessary when the disambiguation is needed because genus names are duplicated across kingdoms.

Monospecific genera[সম্পাদনা]

Another special case is where the article is about a genus with only one species. The article will be at the genus name, but the final taxon to be displayed in the taxobox should be the species. An example is Aphyllanthes, with the sole species Aphyllanthes monspeliensis.

{{Speciesbox
|taxon = Aphyllanthes monspeliensis
|parent_authority = L. --authority for genus
|authority = L. --authority for binomial (i.e. the species)
|... --other optional parameters
}}

The use of the Speciesbox template with the taxon parameter set to the species name ensures that the taxobox ends with the binomial name even though the page title is the genus name. The mediawiki software automatically replaces the generated wikilink [[Aphyllanthes]] by bold text since it goes to the same page. In this case we want to display the authority for both the species and the genus, since there is no other article. The parameters parent_authority, grandparent_authority, etc. are the way to display authorities up the classification hierarchy.

Parent taxon is not the genus[সম্পাদনা]

By default, the Speciesbox template uses the genus name as the name of the parent taxon. If this is not the case, because the parent taxon is at a rank between the species and its genus, such as subgenus or botanical section, then use:

  • |parent=parent_taxon

"Template:Taxonomy/parent_taxon" must then exist. Conventions for the name of a taxonomy template at a rank between species and genus include:

Thus if a zoological subgenus is to be shown, then the taxobox is set up in this way:

{{Speciesbox
| name = House mouse
| parent = Mus (Mus)
| taxon = Mus musculus
| ...
}}

Nonstandard formatting[সম্পাদনা]

In some exceptional cases the values shown for the species name and the binomial may require some non-standard formatting. A "binomial" with more than two "words", non-alphabetic characters other than a hyphen, or a need to leave some elements of the name unitalicized require nonstandard formatting. These cases are handled by {{Automatic taxobox}}, not Speciesbox. Examples of exceptional cases include: provisional names for undescribed species (e.g. Quassia sp. 'Mount Nardi', where the provisional name should not be italicized), and uncertain genus placement (which may be specified with a ? as in Halictus? savenyei, or with "" as in "Colostethus" poecilonotus.

Italicizing the article title[সম্পাদনা]

The template can normally determine whether the page title matches the species or the genus in the taxobox, and if so outputs {{italic title}}, so usually it is not necessary to add this template. In a very few cases the automatic italicization will be wrong (e.g. if the article is at the English name and this is the same as the genus name, such as Hippopotamus). Automatic italicization can be over-ridden by setting |italic_title=no.

Requirement for correct display[সম্পাদনা]

The template will generate a taxobox which will display correctly only if the taxonomy for the genus (or |parent=) has already been created (i.e. "Template:Taxonomy/genusname" or "Template:Taxonomy/parent" already exists). If it does not, you will be asked to create it. One way is to look for the "fix" link and open it.

Displaying intermediate ranks[সম্পাদনা]

By default, only major ranks are displayed. The parameter |display_parents= can be set to display intermediate ranks, for example setting |display_parents=4 will show the next four parent taxa even if they would not otherwise be shown. Note that the genus counts as one of these.

See also[সম্পাদনা]

Tracking categories[সম্পাদনা]

Notes[সম্পাদনা]

  1. If the taxon or genus/species parameters are omitted, the template will try to use the page title as the taxon name. This is deprecated, since it is not self-documenting, so is confusing to editors not familiar with the template, and causes problems if the page is moved.

Template Data[সম্পাদনা]

নতুন দৃশ্যমান সম্পাদনা দ্বারা ব্যবহৃত টেমপ্লেটের জন্য টেমপ্লেটডাটা নথি।

তথ্যছক প্রজাতি শীর্ষ

An infobox for species of organisms where {{tl|Automatic taxobox}} is used at the genus and higher ranks

টেমপ্লেট প্যারামিটার

এই টেমপ্লেটটি প্যারামিটারের ব্লক বিন্যাসন পছন্দ করে।

প্যারামিটারবিবরণধরনঅবস্থা
Color ascolor_as

Taxon defining the taxobox color if needed (normally not)

উদাহরণ
Animalia
স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Italic titleitalic_title

Specifying "no" suppresses italicization of page title. Used only when a scientific name is identical to a vernacular name.

উদাহরণ
no
অজানাঐচ্ছিক
Namename

Title of the taxobox; may be the English name of the group

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Fossil rangefossil_range

The geologic time span during which the group is generally known to have existed, given in eras; the template {{Fossil range}} is the most common method of presenting this information

উদাহরণ
{{Fossil range|Middle Triassic|Present}}
টেমপ্লেটঐচ্ছিক
Image nameimage

An image of member of the species, given without the File: or Image: prefix and without double brackets

উদাহরণ
Argopecten irradians.jpg
ফাইলপরামর্শকৃত
Image uprightimage_upright

Used to adjust the displayed size of an image with an extreme aspect ratio. Values under 1.0 decrease the size of an image (most useful for very tall, narrow images). Values over 1.0 increase the size of an image (possibly useful for short, wide images). If a second image is present the value of this parameter will be applied to it too unless over-ridden by image2_upright

উদাহরণ
0.8
সংখ্যাঐচ্ছিক
Image alt textimage_alt

Text describing what is depicted in the image

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Image captionimage_caption

A caption for the image, if any is necessary. Do not simply repeat the name of the taxon

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Image2image2

A second image of a member of the species, given without the File: or Image: prefix and without double brackets. It is desirable to display images of both sexes of sexually dimorphic species.

ফাইলঐচ্ছিক
Image2 uprightimage2_upright

Used to adjust the displayed size of the second image if the required adjustment is different from the first image. Values under 1.0 decrease the size of an image (most useful for very tall, narrow images). Values over 1.0 increase the size of an image (possibly useful for short, wide images)

উদাহরণ
0.8
সংখ্যাঐচ্ছিক
Image2 alt textimage2_alt

Text describing what is depicted in the second image

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Image2 captionimage2_caption

A caption for the second image, if any is necessary. Do not simply repeat the name of the taxon

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Conservation statusstatus

The conservation status of the taxon as assigned by a particular authority

উদাহরণ
LC
স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Conservation status systemstatus_system

The authority assigning a particular conservation status

উদাহরণ
IUCN3.1
স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Conservation status referencestatus_ref

A citation that supports the displayed status and status_system parameters

অজানাঐচ্ছিক
Conservation status2status2

The conservation status of the taxon as assigned by a second particular authority

উদাহরণ
LE
স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Conservation status2 systemstatus2_system

The second authority assigning a particular conservation status

উদাহরণ
ESA
স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Conservation status2 referencestatus2_ref

A citation that supports the displayed status2 and status2_system parameters

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Extinctextinct

The date a species was declared extinct (specifying |status=EX is required in order for the date to display). Alternatively, if a non-numeric value is given, displays † to indicate that a species is extinct

উদাহরণ
1066
অজানাঐচ্ছিক
Classification statusclassification_status

The status of the scientific group, usually presented as either Disputed or Accepted

উদাহরণ
Disputed
স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Great-great-grandparent authoritygreatgreatgrandparent_authority

The describing authority for the greatgreatgrandparent taxon of a species. Should only be specified when the greatgreatgrandparent, greatgrandparent, grandparent and parent taxa are monotypic

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Great-grandparent authoritygreatgrandparent_authority

The describing authority for the greatgrandparent taxon of a species. Should only be specified when the greatgrandparent taxon is monotypic

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Grandparent authoritygrandparent_authority

The describing authority for the grandparent taxon of a species. Should only be specified when the grandparent taxon is monotypic

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Parent authorityparent_authority

The describing authority for the parent taxon of a species. Should only be specified when the parent taxon is monotypic

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Parents to displaydisplay_parents

The number of parent taxa to be displayed above the one specified by the taxon parameter; not normally needed

উদাহরণ
3
সংখ্যাঐচ্ছিক
Taxontaxon

Scientific name (binomial) of the species with no formatting; a entry point into the taxonomic hierarchy. Alternatively, |genus and |species can be used (and are required in some cases)

উদাহরণ
Homo sapiens
স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Genusgenus

Scientific name of the genus with no formatting; a entry point into the taxonomic hierarchy. Used in conjunction with |species Alternatively, |taxon may be used instead of |genus and |species (but |taxon will not function properly when a genus requires parenthetical disambiguation)

উদাহরণ
Homo
স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Parentparent

The immediate infrageneric parent taxon containing a particular species, with no formatting. Requires a taxonomy template.

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Speciesspecies

Scientific name (species epithet) of the species with no formatting; used in conjunction with |genus. Alternatively, |taxon may be used instead of |genus and |species (but |taxon will not function properly when a genus requires parenthetical disambiguation)

উদাহরণ
sapiens
স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Describing authorityauthority

The describing authority for the species in the appropriate format, which differs between nomenclature codes; presence or absence of parentheses is meaningful

উদাহরণ
Wilkes, 1810 – animal; (L.) Mill. – plant
স্ট্রিংপ্রয়োজনীয়
Bacterial strain typetype_strain

The name of a strain that was used to define a bacteria species

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Subdivision rankssubdivision_ranks

The name of the next lowest rank(s) in the taxonomic hierarchy

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Subdivision referencesubdivision_ref

A reference supporting the subdivisions shown in the list

অজানাঐচ্ছিক
Subdivisionsubdivision

A list of taxa at the next lowest rank(s) in the taxonomic hiearchy. When there are many (10+) taxa at the lower rank, they should be displayed in the body of the article, not the taxobox

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Range map imagerange_map

The name of the image file, if any, showing the species' geographic habitat range, without the File: or Image: prefix and without double brackets

ফাইলঐচ্ছিক
Range map image uprightrange_map_upright

Used to adjust the displayed size of a range map. May be useful when the range map has an extreme aspect ratio (use values <1 for tall/narrow range maps, and >1 for short/wide range maps). May also be necessary if an image_upright parameter is specified

উদাহরণ
0.8
সংখ্যাঐচ্ছিক
Range map image alt textrange_map_alt

Text describing the range depicted in the map

উদাহরণ
Map of Africa, with shading indicating the species occurs in the eastern part of the island of Madagascar
স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Range map image captionrange_map_caption

A caption for the range map, if any is necessary

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Range map image2range_map2

The name of a second image file, if any, showing the species' geographic habitat range, without the File: or Image: prefix and without double brackets. Mostly useful when a species has a narrow range, in order to display maps at different scale

ফাইলঐচ্ছিক
Range map image2 uprightrange_map2_upright

Used to adjust the displayed size of a second range map. May be useful when the range map has an extreme aspect ratio (use values <1 for tall/narrow range maps, and >1 for short/wide range maps). May also be necessary if an image_upright parameter is specified

উদাহরণ
0.8
সংখ্যাঐচ্ছিক
Range map image2 alt textrange_map2_alt

Text describing the range depicted in the second map

উদাহরণ
Map of Madagascar, with shading indicating the species occurs in the eastern part of the island
স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Range map image2 captionrange_map2_caption

A caption for the second range map, if any is necessary

স্ট্রিংঐচ্ছিক
Taxonomic synonymssynonyms

Taxonomic synonyms. These should be displayed in a collapsed list format if there are many of them.

অজানাঐচ্ছিক
Taxonomic synonyms referencesynonyms_ref

A reference supporting the synonymy shown in the list

অজানাঐচ্ছিক