উইকিপিডিয়া:কম্পিউটার স্থাপত্য পরিভাষা

উইকিপিডিয়া, মুক্ত বিশ্বকোষ থেকে
পরিভ্রমণে ঝাঁপ দিন অনুসন্ধানে ঝাঁপ দিন
  • Desktop computer
  • Server
  • Supercomputer
  • Terabyte
  • Embedded computer
  • Systems software
  • Operating System
  • Compiler
  • Binary digit: বাইনারি সংখ্যা
  • Assembler
  • Assembly language
  • High-level programming language
  • Input device
  • Output device
  • Cathode ray tube
  • Pixel
  • Flat panel display
  • Liquid crystal display
  • Active matrix display
  • Motherboard
  • Integrated Circuit
  • Memory
  • Central Processor Unit
  • DIMM (Dual Inline Memory Module)
  • Instruction Set Architecture
  • Application binary interface (ABI)
  • Implementation
  • Volatile memory
  • Nonvolatile memory
  • Primary memory
  • Secondary memory
  • Magnetic disk
  • Hard disk
  • Megabyte
  • Floppy disk
  • Transistor
  • Vacuum
  • Local Area network
  • Wide Area network
  • Very Large Scale Integrated (VLSI) Circuit
  • Silicon সিলিকন
  • Semiconductor অর্ধ-পরিবাহী
  • Silicon Crystal Ingot
  • Wafer
  • Defect
  • Die
  • Yield
  • Instruction set
  • Stored-program concept
  • Word
  • Data transfer instruction
  • Address
  • Alignment restriction
  • Machine language
  • Instruction format
  • Opcode
  • NOT
  • NOR
  • Conditional branch
  • Basic block
  • Jump address table/Jump table
  • Procedure
  • Jump-and-link instruction
  • Return address
  • Program counter
  • Caller
  • Callee
  • Stack
  • Stack pointer
  • Global pointer
  • Procedure frame
  • Activation record
  • Frame pointer
  • Text segment
  • PC-relative addressing
  • Addressing mode
  • Pseudoinstruction
  • Symbol table
  • Linker
  • Link editor
  • Executable file
  • Loader
  • Java bytecode জাভা বাইটকোড
  • Java virtual machine (JVM)
  • Just In Time compiler (JIT)
  • Loop unrolling
  • Object-oriented language
  • General-purpose register
  • Least significant bit
  • Most significant bit
  • Biased notation
  • Exception
  • Interrupt
  • Dividend
  • Divisor
  • Quotient
  • Remainder
  • Scientific notation
  • Normalized
  • Floating point
  • Fraction ভগ্নাংশ
  • Exponent সূচক
  • Overflow (floating-point)
  • Underflow (floating-point)
  • Double precision
  • Single precision
  • Guard
  • Round
  • Units in the last place (ULP)
  • Sticky bit
  • Response time
  • Execution time
  • CPU execution time
  • User CPU time
  • System CPU time
  • Clock Cycle
  • Clock period
  • Clock cycles per instruction
  • Instruction unit
  • Workload
  • Arithmetic mean
  • Weighted Arithmetic mean
  • System Performance Evaluation Cooperative (SPEC) benchmark
  • Amdahl’s law
  • Million instructions per second (MIPS)
  • State element
  • Clocking Methodology
  • Edge-triggered clocking
  • Control signal
  • Datapath element
  • Program Counter
  • Register file
  • Sign-extend
  • Branch tagset address
  • Branch taken
  • Branch not taken
  • Delayed branch
  • Don’t care term
  • Single-cycle implementation
  • Multicycle implementation
  • Microprogram
  • Finite state machine
  • Next state function
  • Vectored interrupt
  • Microprogrammed control
  • Hardwired control
  • Microcode
  • Superscalar
  • Microinstruction
  • Micro-operations
  • Trace cache
  • Pipelining
  • Structural hazard
  • Data hazard
  • Forwarding
  • Bypassing
  • Load-use data hazard
  • Pipeline stall
  • Control hazard
  • Branch hazard
  • Untaken branch
  • Branch prediction
  • Latency (pipeline)
  • Nop
  • Flush (instructions)
  • Dynamic branch prediction
  • Branch prediction buffer
  • Branch history table
  • Branch delay slot
  • Branch target buffer
  • Correlating predictor
  • Tournament branch predictor
  • Imprecise interrupt
  • Precise interrupt
  • Precise exception
  • Instruction-level parallelism
  • Multiple issue
  • Static multiple issue
  • Dynamic multiple issue
  • Issue slots
  • Speculation
  • Issue packet
  • Register renaming
  • Antidependence
  • Name dependence
  • Instruction group
  • Stop
  • Predication
  • Poison
  • Advanced load
  • Dynamic pipeline scheduling
  • Commit unit
  • Reservation station
  • Reorder buffer
  • In-order commit
  • Out-of-order execution
  • Microarchitecture
  • Architectural registers
  • Instruction latency
  • Temporal locality
  • Spatial locality
  • Memory hierarchy
  • Block
  • Hit rate
  • Miss rate
  • Hit time
  • Miss penalty
  • Direct-mapped cache
  • Tag
  • Valid bit
  • Cache miss
  • Write-through
  • Write buffer
  • Write-back
  • Split cache
  • Fully associative cache
  • Set-associative cache
  • Least recently used (LRU)
  • Multilevel cache
  • Global miss rate
  • Local miss rate
  • Virtual memory
  • Physical address
  • Protection
  • Page fault
  • Virtual address
  • Address translation
  • Segmentation
  • Page table
  • Swap space
  • Reference bit
  • Translation-lookaside buffer
  • Virtually addressed cache
  • Aliasing
  • Physically addressed cache
  • Kernel mode
  • Supervisor mode
  • System call
  • Context switch
  • Exception enable
  • Restartable instruction
  • Handler
  • Unmapped
  • Three Cs model
  • Compulsory miss
  • Cold start miss
  • Capacity miss
  • Conflict miss
  • Collision miss
  • Nonblocking code
  • I/O requests
  • Nonvolatile
  • Track
  • Sector
  • Seek
  • Rotation latency
  • Small computer systems interface (SCSI)
  • Redundant array of inexpensive devices (RAID)
  • Striping
  • Mirroring
  • Protection group
  • Hot swapping
  • Standby spares
  • Bus transaction
  • Processor-memory bus
  • Backplane bus
  • Synchronous bus
  • Asynchronous bus
  • Handshaking protocol
  • Split transaction protocol
  • Memory-mapped I/O
  • I/O instructions
  • Polling
  • Interrupt-driven I/O
  • Direct Memory Access (DMA)
  • Bus master
  • Transaction processing
  • I/O rate
  • Data rate