উইকিপিডিয়া:সম্পাদনা নীতি

উইকিপিডিয়া, মুক্ত বিশ্বকোষ থেকে

উইকিপিডিয়া হাজার হাজার সম্পাদকের অবদানের ফসল। প্রত্যেকেই কোনও না কোনও ভাবে অবদান রেখেছেন: কেউ গবেষণা দক্ষতার প্রয়োগ করেছেন, কেউ কারিগরি বিশেষজ্ঞের জ্ঞান প্রদান করেছেন, কেউ হয়ত দক্ষ লেখক, আবার কেউ হয়ত ছোটখাটো তথ্য যোগ করেছেন। সবচেয়ে বড় কথা, সবাই সাহায্য করতে, অবদান রাখার ব্যাপারে, উৎসাহ দেখিয়েছেন। উইকিপিডিয়ার সবচেয়ে ভাল নিবন্ধটিও তাই এক অর্থে এখনও সম্পূর্ণ নয়। প্রত্যেক নতুন সম্পাদক উইকিপিডিয়ার বিষয়বস্তুর মানোন্নয়নে নতুন ধারণা দিতে পারেন।

উইকিপিডিয়ায় তথ্য সংযোজন[সম্পাদনা]

Editors are encouraged to boldly add information to Wikipedia, either by creating new articles or by adding information to existing articles. However, it is Wikipedia policy that information in Wikipedia should be verifiable and must not be original research. We demonstrate that information is verifiable and not original research by referencing reliable sources. Unsourced information may be challenged and removed, because within Wikipedia an absence of information is better than misleading or false information— Wikipedia's reputation as a trusted encyclopedia depends on the information within articles being verifiable and reliable. To avoid such challenges, the best practice is to provide an "inline citation" at the time the information is added (see: WP:Citing sources for instructions on how to do this, or ask for assistance on the article talk page).

Another way editors can add information to an article is by finding a source for existing unsourced material. This is especially true if you come across statements that are potentially controversial. You do not need to be the person who added the information to add a source and citation for it.

উইকিপিডিয়া একটি নির্মীয়মান প্রকল্পঃ নিখুঁত হতেই হবে এমন কোন শর্ত নেই[সম্পাদনা]

নীতির সংক্ষিপ্ত:
WP:IMPERFECT

Perfection is not required: Wikipedia is a work in progress. Collaborative editing means that incomplete or poorly written first drafts can evolve over time into excellent articles. Even poor articles, if they can be improved, are welcome. For instance, one person may start an article with an overview of a subject or a few random facts. Another may help standardize the article's formatting, or have additional facts and figures or a graphic to add. Yet another may bring better balance to the views represented in the article, and perform fact-checking and sourcing to existing content. At any point during this process, the article may become disorganized or contain substandard writing.

This principle is not as broadly endorsed for biographies of living persons. While such articles are also allowed and expected to be imperfect, any contentious unsubstantiated or patently biased information in such articles should be removed until verified or rewritten in a neutral manner.

সমস্যার সমাধানের চেষ্টা করুন[সম্পাদনা]

সংক্ষিপ্তসমূহ:

Fix problems if you can, flag or remove them if you can't. Preserve content whenever appropriate. As long as any of the facts or ideas added to the article would belong in a "finished" article, they should be retained and the writing tagged if necessary, or cleaned up on the spot. If you think a page needs to be rewritten or changed substantially, go ahead and do it, but preserve any content you think might have some discussion value on the talk page, along with a comment about why you made the change. Do not remove information just because it is poorly presented; instead, improve the presentation by rewriting the passage. The editing process tends to guide articles through ever-higher levels of quality over time. Great Wikipedia articles can come from a succession of editors' efforts.

তথ্য মুছে না ফেলে, ভেবে দেখুন:

  • নতুন ভাবে লেখা যায় কি-না;
  • বিষয়বস্তু ঠিক রেখে প্রয়োজনীয় সংশোধনীর সুযোগ আছে কি-না;
  • লিখিত অংশ (টেক্সট) একই নিবন্ধের অন্য কোথাও সংস্থান করা যায় কি-না, অথবা অন্য কোন নিবন্ধে অন্তর্ভুক্ত করা যায় কি-না (বিদ্যমান বা নতুন)
  • গুরুত্বপূর্ণ মনে হলে নতুন তথ্য-উপাত্ত যোগ করে বক্ষ্যমান নিবন্ধটিকে আরো সুষম করা যায় কি-না;
  • requesting a citation by adding the {{fact}} tag
  • doing a quick search for sources and adding a citation yourself
  • adding appropriate cleanup tags to problematic sections
  • repair a dead link if a new URL for the page or an archive of the old one can be located
  • merging the entire article into another article with the original article turned into a redirect as described at performing a merge

Several of our core policies discuss situations when it might be more appropriate to remove information rather than to preserve it. Redundancy within an article should be kept to a minimum (excepting the lead, which is meant to be a summary of the entire article, and so is intentionally duplicative). Libel, nonsense and vandalism should be completely removed, as should material that constitutes a copyright violation. WP:Verifiability discusses handling unsourced and contentious material; WP:No original research discusses the need to remove original research; and WP:UNDUE discusses when not to include material that gives undue weight to a particular viewpoint.

Special care needs to be taken with biographies of living people, especially when it comes to handling unsourced, or poorly sourced claims about the subject. Editors working on such articles need to know and understand the extra restrictions that are laid out at WP:Biographies of living people.

আলোচনা এবং সম্পাদনা[সম্পাদনা]

Be bold in updating articles, especially for minor changes and fixing problems. Previous authors do not need to be consulted before making changes: nobody owns articles. If you see a problem that you can fix, do so. Discussion is, however, called for if someone indicates disagreement with your edit (either by reverting your edit and/or raising an issue on the talk page). A BOLD, revert, discuss cycle is used on many pages where changes might often be contentious. Boldness should not mean trying to impose edits against existing consensus or in violation of core policies, such as Neutral point of view and Verifiability.

বুঝিয়ে বলুন[সম্পাদনা]

Be helpful: explain your changes. When you edit an article, the more radical or controversial the change, the greater the need to explain it. Be sure to leave a comment about why you made the change. Try to use an appropriate edit summary. For larger or more significant changes, the edit summary may not give you enough space to fully explain the edit – in this case leave a note on the article's talk page as well. Remember too that notes on the talk page are more visible, make misunderstandings less likely and encourage discussion rather than edit warring.

বড় মাপের পরিবর্তনের আগে সতর্ক হোনঃ আলোচনা করে নিন[সম্পাদনা]

Be cautious with major changes: consider discussing them first. With large proposed deletions or replacements, it may be best to suggest changes in a discussion, to prevent edit warring and disillusioning either other editors or yourself (if your hard work is rejected by others). One person's improvement is another's desecration, and nobody likes to see their work "destroyed" without prior notice. If you choose to be very bold, take extra care to justify your changes in detail on the article talk page. This will make it less likely that editors will end up reverting the article back and forth between their preferred versions. To facilitate discussion of a substantial change without filling up the talk page, you can create the new draft in your own userspace (eg User:Example/Lipsum) and link to it on the article discussion page.

কিন্তু – উইকিপিডিয়া মত বিনিময়ের জায়গাও নয়[সম্পাদনা]

Whether you decide to edit very boldly or discuss carefully on the talk page first, please bear in mind that Wikipedia is not a discussion forum. Wikipedia can be a very energetic place, and it is best for the project as a whole if we concentrate our energies on improving articles rather than debating our personal ideas and beliefs. This is discussed further at Wikipedia:Etiquette.

আলোচনা পাতার সম্পাদনা এবং বিন্যাসকরণ[সম্পাদনা]

For guidance on how to edit talk pages see:

নীতিমালা ও নির্দেশাবলীর সম্পাদনা[সম্পাদনা]

Policies and guidelines are supposed to state what most Wikipedians agree upon, and should be phrased to reflect the present consensus on a subject. In general, more caution should be exercised in editing policies and guidelines than in editing articles. Minor edits to existing pages, such as formatting changes, grammatical improvement and uncontentious clarification, may be made by any editor at any time. However, changes that would alter the substance of policy or guidelines should normally be announced on the appropriate talk page first. The change may be implemented if no objection is made to it or if discussion shows that there is consensus for the change. Major changes should also be publicized to the community in general, as should proposals for new policy pages (see also Wikipedia:Policies and guidelines#Proposals).

আরও দেখুন[সম্পাদনা]