↑Babbage, C. and Herschel, J.W.F. (1825) "Account of the repetition of M. Arago's experiments on the magnetism manifested by various substances during the act of rotation," Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, vol. 115, pages 467-496.
↑The Electrical Engineer. (1888). London: Biggs & Co. Pg., 239. [cf., "[...] new application of the alternating current in the production of rotary motion was made known almost simultaneously by two experimenters, Nikola Tesla and Galileo Ferraris, and the subject has attracted general attention from the fact that no commutator or connection of any kind with the armature was required."]