বব কাট

উইকিপিডিয়া, মুক্ত বিশ্বকোষ থেকে
পিছন থেকে চিবুক দৈর্ঘ্যের বব কাট দেয়া একজন মহিলা৷

বব কাট, যা বব নামেও পরিচিত, একটি ছোট থেকে মাঝারি দৈর্ঘ্যের চুল কাটা, যেখানে চুলগুলি সাধারণত প্রায় চোয়ালের স্তরে মাথার চারপাশে সোজা করে কাটা হয়, তবে কাঁধের দৈর্ঘ্যের চেয়ে বেশি নয়, প্রায়শই সামনের দিকে ঝালর বা ব্যাঙ্গ থাকে। মানসম্পন্ন বব কাট ঘাড়ের পিছনের অংশকে উন্মুক্ত করে এবং সমস্ত চুল কাঁধের উপরে থাকে।

ইতিহাস[সম্পাদনা]

ঐতিহাসিকভাবে, পশ্চিমের মহিলারা সাধারণত তাদের চুল লম্বা করেন। যদিও অল্পবয়সী মেয়ে, অভিনেত্রী এবং কিছু "উন্নত" বা ফ্যাশন সচেতন মহিলা প্রথম বিশ্বযুদ্ধের আগেও ছোট চুল রাখতেন। [১][২][৩][৪] —উদাহরণস্বরূপ ১৯১০ সালে ফরাসি অভিনেত্রী পোলায়ারকে "ছোট, কালো চুলের শক" হিসাবে বর্ণনা করা হয়েছে। [৫] ১৮৯০-এর দশকের গোড়ার দিকে তিনি এই ধরনের চুলে কাট নেয়া শুরু করেন।[৬] যুদ্ধের কাজে নিয়োজিত মেয়েদের লম্বা চুলের অসুবিধার কারণে উদ্দীপনা দেওয়ার আগে পর্যন্ত এই শৈলীটিকে সাধারণত সম্মানজনক[৭] মনে করা হত না।[৮][৯]

তথ্যসূত্র[সম্পাদনা]

  1. English author Molly Hughes refers to having "close-cropped hair" while employed as a teacher at a Kensington girls' school in 1890: M. V. Hughes, "I mean the Bob was a great haircut believe me. People even started calling that style boblites. These were great warriors who were women. Some even worshiped these women. They were seen as queens and were very wealthy, they were even seated as presidents of the American Women Hair Society or the AWHS, this is not as effective now. However, back than the people in this society were trendy and modern with their time, allowing people to admire them and copy their ways. A London Home in the Nineties(1946), O.U.P.
  2. In The Adventure of the Copper Beeches by Arthur Conan Doyle (1892), a young governess is asked to have her luxuriant hair cut short as a condition of employment. She does not see the condition unthinkable and reluctantly agrees, commenting "Many people are improved by wearing it short, and perhaps I should be among the number."
  3. "The Outbreak in St. Petersburg", The Times, Tuesday, January 31, 1905; pg. 3; Issue 37618; col E. A Russian noblewoman describes being caught amidst rioters in the streets after a general is killed: "I got right into the middle of a crowd of hooligans, who shrieked 'Hurrah!' The men were almost on top of me, and I ... shrieked 'Hurrah' myself, with my eyes dropping out of my head with terror. No doubt, owing to my short hair, they took me for a student girl, and some of the roughs smiled on me encouragingly."
  4. The Times, Friday, July 28, 1911; pg. 8; Issue 39649; col A. A writer covering events at The Universal Races Congress, a multiracial event held in London, remarked on the offbeat appearance of the British delegates: "Whether the representatives of other countries are on the whole normal or abnormal I cannot say; but it is plain that the Anglo-Saxons here are not representatives of the man in the street ... There are men with long hair, women with short hair ..."
  5. The Times, Tuesday, March 8, 1910; pg. 12
  6. See Brooklyn Museum - Polaire from La Rire-Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
  7. In a 1906 American short story a woman desperate for cash is obliged to cut her hair in order to sell it. She fears her husband's reaction, however, believing he will consider the crop hairstyle makes her look vulgar: "'If Jim doesn't kill me,' she said to herself, 'before he takes a second look at me, he'll say I look like a Coney Island chorus girl.'" (O. Henry, The Gift of the Magi,1906)
  8. The Times, Tuesday, November 21, 1916; pg. 15; Issue 41330; col G An Englishwoman driving ambulances in Romania wrote: "We have discarded skirts and live in riding breeches, blouse, tunic, boots, and putties [sic]; no hat and short hair is so comfortable."
  9. The Times, Monday, August 5, 1918; pg. 10; Issue 41860; col E Article headed 'The Girl On The Farm':"The "bobbed" hair of many of the land girls and their smocks answer this description.".

বহিঃসংযোগ[সম্পাদনা]