মডিউল:IPAc-en/ফৌনীম

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পরিভ্রমণে ঝাঁপ দিন অনুসন্ধানে ঝাঁপ দিন

এই মডিউল ঘর {{IPAc-en}} এর ডায়াফোনেম প্রতীক এবং তাদের সংশ্লিষ্ট শর্টকাট এবং সরঞ্জামদণ্ডগুলি রয়েছে।

ফৌনীম কোডসমূহ
কোড উপনাম পাঠ্য প্রদর্শন টুলটিপ ধরন
b b 'b' in 'buy' diaphoneme
d d 'd' in 'dye' diaphoneme
dj dy, dj /dj/: 'd' in 'dew' diaphoneme
dZ, ʤ /dʒ/: 'j' in 'jam' diaphoneme
ð D ð /ð/: 'th' in 'thy' diaphoneme
f f 'f' in 'find' diaphoneme
ɡ g ɡ /ɡ/: 'g' in 'guy' diaphoneme
h h 'h' in 'hi' diaphoneme
hw ʍ hw /hw/: 'wh' in 'why' diaphoneme
j y j /j/: 'y' in 'yes' diaphoneme
k k 'k' in 'kind' diaphoneme
l l 'l' in 'lie' diaphoneme
lj ly, lj /lj/: 'l' in 'lute' diaphoneme
m m 'm' in 'my' diaphoneme
n n 'n' in 'nigh' diaphoneme
nj ny, nj /nj/: 'n' in 'new' diaphoneme
ŋ N, ng ŋ /ŋ/: 'ng' in 'sing' diaphoneme
p p 'p' in 'pie' diaphoneme
r ɹ, ɻ r 'r' in 'rye' diaphoneme
s s 's' in 'sigh' diaphoneme
sj sy, sj /sj/: 's' in 'consume' diaphoneme
ʃ S, sh ʃ /ʃ/: 'sh' in 'shy' diaphoneme
t t 't' in 'tie' diaphoneme
tj ty, tj /tj/: 't' in 'tune' diaphoneme
tS, ʧ, ch /tʃ/: 'ch' in 'China' diaphoneme
θ T θ /θ/: 'th' in 'thigh' diaphoneme
θj θy, θʲ θj /θj/: 'th' in 'enthuse' diaphoneme
v v 'v' in 'vie' diaphoneme
w w 'w' in 'wind' diaphoneme
z z 'z' in 'zoom' diaphoneme
zj zy, zj /zj/: 'Z' in 'Zeus' diaphoneme
ʒ Z, zh ʒ /ʒ/: 's' in 'pleasure' diaphoneme
ɑː A:, ɑ:, , a: ɑː /ɑː/: 'a' in 'father' diaphoneme
ɑːr ɑɹ, aːr, a:r, ɑ:r, ɑr ɑːr /ɑːr/: 'ar' in 'far' diaphoneme
ɒ Q ɒ /ɒ/: 'o' in 'body' diaphoneme
ɒr Qr ɒr /ɒr/: 'or' in 'moral' diaphoneme
æ ae, { æ /æ/: 'a' in 'bad' diaphoneme
ær aer, &r, æɹ ær /ær/: 'arr' in 'marry' diaphoneme
ai, aI /aɪ/: 'i' in 'tide' diaphoneme
aɪər aɪr, aIr, aɪə aɪər /aɪər/: 'ire' in 'fire' diaphoneme
au, aU /aʊ/: 'ou' in 'mouth' diaphoneme
aʊər aʊr, aUr, aʊə, aur aʊər /aʊər/: 'our' in 'hour' diaphoneme
ɛ E ɛ /ɛ/: 'e' in 'dress' diaphoneme
ɛr Er ɛr /ɛr/: 'err' in 'merry' diaphoneme
ei, eI, , e: /eɪ/: 'a' in 'face' diaphoneme
ɛər eir, eIr, e@r, E@r, ɛɪɹ, eɪr, eːr, e:r, ɛəɹ, ɛə, ɛːr, ɛ:r, ɛː, ɛ:, E:, E:r ɛər /ɛər/: 'are' in 'bare' diaphoneme
ɛəˈr ɛə'r, eəˈr, eə'r, e@'r, E@'r, ɛːˈr, E:'r ɛəˈr /ɛəˈr/: 'ere' in 'thereof' diaphoneme
ɛəˌr ɛə,r, eəˌr, eə,r, E@,r, E@%r, e@,r, e@%r, ɛːˌr, E:,r, E:%r ɛəˌr /ɛəˌr/: 'ere' in 'thereof' diaphoneme
ɪ I, ɪ /ɪ/: 'i' in 'kit' diaphoneme
ɪr ɪr /ɪr/: 'irr' in 'mirror' diaphoneme
i: /iː/: 'ee' in 'fleece' diaphoneme
ɪər i:r, iːr, I@r, i@r, ɪəɹ, iːɹ, ɪə ɪər /ɪər/: 'ear' in 'near' diaphoneme
ɪəˈr ɪə'r, I@'r ɪəˈr /ɪəˈr/: 'er' in 'spheroidal' diaphoneme
ɪəˌr ɪə,r, I@,r, I@%r ɪəˌr /ɪəˌr/: 'er' in 'spheroidal' diaphoneme
o:, , ou, oU, @u, @U, əʊ, əu, oʊ- /oʊ/: 'o' in 'code' diaphoneme
ɔː O, O:, ɔ:, ɒː, Q: ɔː /ɔː/: 'au' in 'fraud' diaphoneme
ɔːr Or, ɔɹ, ɔ(r), ɔr, ɔər, oUr, ɔəɹ, ɔʊɹ, oʊɹ, oʊr, oːr, o:r, ɔə, ɔə(r) ɔːr /ɔːr/: 'ar' in 'war' diaphoneme
ɔɪ oj, ɔj, oi, , ɔi, OI, oy ɔɪ /ɔɪ/: 'oi' in 'choice' diaphoneme
ɔɪər ɔɪr, oyr, ɔɪə ɔɪər /ɔɪər/: 'oir' in 'loir' diaphoneme
ʊ U, ᵿ ʊ /ʊ/: 'u' in 'push' diaphoneme
ʊr Ur ʊr /ʊr/: 'our' in 'courier' diaphoneme
u: /uː/: 'oo' in 'goose' diaphoneme
ʊər u:r, uːr, u@r, U@r, ʊəɹ, ʊə ʊər /ʊər/: 'our' in 'tour' diaphoneme
ʊəˈr ʊə'r, U@'r ʊəˈr /ʊəˈr/: 'ur' in 'plurality' diaphoneme
ʊəˌr ʊə,r, U@,r, U@%r ʊəˌr /ʊəˌr/: 'ur' in 'plurality' diaphoneme
ʌ V ʌ /ʌ/: 'u' in 'cut' diaphoneme
ʌr Vr, ʌɹ ʌr /ʌr/: 'urr' in 'hurry' diaphoneme
ɜːr ɝː, ɝ, 3r, 3:r, əːr, @:r, ɜɹ, ɜ(r), ɜr ɜːr /ɜːr/: 'ur' in 'fur' diaphoneme
ə @ ə /ə/: 'a' in 'about' diaphoneme
ər ɚ, @r, əɹ, ə(r) ər /ər/: 'er' in 'letter' diaphoneme
əl @l, ᵊl, əl /əl/: 'le' in 'bottle' diaphoneme
ən @n, ᵊn, ən /ən/: 'on' in 'button' diaphoneme
əm @m, ᵊm, əm /əm/: 'm' in 'rhythm' diaphoneme
i i /i/: 'y' in 'happy' diaphoneme
u u /u/: 'u' in 'influence' diaphoneme
x kh x /x/: 'ch' in 'loch' diaphoneme
ʔ ? ʔ /ʔ/: the catch in 'uh-oh' diaphoneme
ɒ̃ ɑ̃, ɒ~, ɑ~, Q~ ɒ̃ /ɒ̃/: nasal 'an' in 'vin blanc' diaphoneme
æ̃ ae~, {~, ã, a~ æ̃ /æ̃/: nasal 'in' in 'vin blanc' diaphoneme
ɜː 3, 3:, ɜ:, ɜ, əː, @: ɜː /ɜː/: r-less 'ur' in 'nurse' diaphoneme
ˈ ', " ˈ /ˈ/: primary stress follows diaphoneme
ˌ ,, % ˌ /ˌ/: secondary stress follows diaphoneme
. · . /./: syllable break diaphoneme
# # /#/: morpheme break diaphoneme
! | /: prosodic break (minor) diaphoneme
!! /‖/: prosodic break (major) diaphoneme
_ separator
nbsp   separator
,_ , separator
- - separator
( ( separator
) ) separator
...  ...  separator
juː juː /juː/: 'u' in 'cute' diaphoneme
jʊər jʊər /jʊər/: 'ure' in 'cure' diaphoneme

-- This module contains phoneme data for [[মডিউল:IPAc-en]].

return {
	-- CONSONANTS
	{
		code = "b",
		label = "b",
		tooltip = "'b' in 'buy'",
	},
	{
		code = "d",
		label = "d",
		tooltip = "'d' in 'dye'",
	},
	{
		code = "dj",
		aliases = {"dy", "dʲ"},
		label = "dj",
		tooltip = "/dj/: 'd' in 'dew'",
	},
	{
		code = "dʒ",
		aliases = {"dZ", "ʤ"},
		label = "dʒ",
		tooltip = "/dʒ/: 'j' in 'jam'",
	},
	{
		code = "ð",
		aliases = {"D"},
		label = "ð",
		tooltip = "/ð/: 'th' in 'thy'",
	},
	{
		code = "f",
		label = "f",
		tooltip = "'f' in 'find'",
	},
	{
		code = "ɡ",
		aliases = {"g"},
		label = "ɡ",
		tooltip = "/ɡ/: 'g' in 'guy'",
	},
	{
		code = "h",
		label = "h",
		tooltip = "'h' in 'hi'",
	},
	{
		code = "hw",
		aliases = {"ʍ"},
		label = "hw",
		tooltip = "/hw/: 'wh' in 'why'",
	},
	{
		code = "j",
		aliases = {"y"},
		label = "j",
		tooltip = "/j/: 'y' in 'yes'",
	},
	{
		code = "k",
		label = "k",
		tooltip = "'k' in 'kind'",
	},
	{
		code = "l",
		label = "l",
		tooltip = "'l' in 'lie'",
	},
	{
		code = "lj",
		aliases = {"ly", "lʲ"},
		label = "lj",
		tooltip = "/lj/: 'l' in 'lute'",
	},
	{
		code = "m",
		label = "m",
		tooltip = "'m' in 'my'",
	},
	{
		code = "n",
		label = "n",
		tooltip = "'n' in 'nigh'",
	},
	{
		code = "nj",
		aliases = {"ny", "nʲ"},
		label = "nj",
		tooltip = "/nj/: 'n' in 'new'",
	},
	{
		code = "ŋ",
		aliases = {"N", "ng"},
		label = "ŋ",
		tooltip = "/ŋ/: 'ng' in 'sing'",
	},
	{
		code = "p",
		label = "p",
		tooltip = "'p' in 'pie'",
	},
	{
		code = "r",
		aliases = {"ɹ", "ɻ"},
		label = "r",
		tooltip = "'r' in 'rye'",
	},
	{
		code = "s",
		label = "s",
		tooltip = "'s' in 'sigh'",
	},
	{
		code = "sj",
		aliases = {"sy", "sʲ"},
		label = "sj",
		tooltip = "/sj/: 's' in 'consume'",
	},
	{
		code = "ʃ",
		aliases = {"S", "sh"},
		label = "ʃ",
		tooltip = "/ʃ/: 'sh' in 'shy'",
	},
	{
		code = "t",
		label = "t",
		tooltip = "'t' in 'tie'",
	},
	{
		code = "tj",
		aliases = {"ty", "tʲ"},
		label = "tj",
		tooltip = "/tj/: 't' in 'tune'",
	},
	{
		code = "tʃ",
		aliases = {"tS", "ʧ", "ch"},
		label = "tʃ",
		tooltip = "/tʃ/: 'ch' in 'China'",
	},
	{
		code = "θ",
		aliases = {"T"},
		label = "θ",
		tooltip = "/θ/: 'th' in 'thigh'",
	},
	{
		code = "θj",
		aliases = {"θy", "θʲ"},
		label = "θj",
		tooltip = "/θj/: 'th' in 'enthuse'",
	},
	{
		code = "v",
		label = "v",
		tooltip = "'v' in 'vie'",
	},
	{
		code = "w",
		label = "w",
		tooltip = "'w' in 'wind'",
	},
	{
		code = "z",
		label = "z",
		tooltip = "'z' in 'zoom'",
	},
	{
		code = "zj",
		aliases = {"zy", "zʲ"},
		label = "zj",
		tooltip = "/zj/: 'Z' in 'Zeus'",
	},
	{
		code = "ʒ",
		aliases = {"Z", "zh"},
		label = "ʒ",
		tooltip = "/ʒ/: 's' in 'pleasure'",
	},
	-- VOWELS
	{
		code = "ɑː",
		aliases = {"A:", "ɑ:", "aː", "a:"},
		label = "ɑː",
		tooltip = "/ɑː/: 'a' in 'father'",
	},
	{
		code = "ɑːr",
		aliases = {"ɑɹ", "aːr", "a:r", "ɑ:r", "ɑr"},
		label = "ɑːr",
		tooltip = "/ɑːr/: 'ar' in 'far'",
	},
	{
		code = "ɒ",
		aliases = {"Q"},
		label = "ɒ",
		tooltip = "/ɒ/: 'o' in 'body'",
	},
	{
		code = "ɒr",
		aliases = {"Qr"},
		label = "ɒr",
		tooltip = "/ɒr/: 'or' in 'moral'",
	},
	{
		code = "æ",
		aliases = {"ae", "{"},
		label = "æ",
		tooltip = "/æ/: 'a' in 'bad'",
	},
	{
		code = "ær",
		aliases = {"aer", "&r", "æɹ"},
		label = "ær",
		tooltip = "/ær/: 'arr' in 'marry'",
	},
	{
		code = "aɪ",
		aliases = {"ai", "aI"},
		label = "aɪ",
		tooltip = "/aɪ/: 'i' in 'tide'",
	},
	{
		code = "aɪər",
		aliases = {"aɪr", "aIr", "aɪə"},
		label = "aɪər",
		tooltip = "/aɪər/: 'ire' in 'fire'",
	},
	{
		code = "aʊ",
		aliases = {"au", "aU"},
		label = "aʊ",
		tooltip = "/aʊ/: 'ou' in 'mouth'",
	},
	{
		code = "aʊər",
		aliases = {"aʊr", "aUr", "aʊə", "aur"},
		label = "aʊər",
		tooltip = "/aʊər/: 'our' in 'hour'",
	},
	{
		code = "ɛ",
		aliases = {"E"},
		label = "ɛ",
		tooltip = "/ɛ/: 'e' in 'dress'",
	},
	{
		code = "ɛr",
		aliases = {"Er"},
		label = "ɛr",
		tooltip = "/ɛr/: 'err' in 'merry'",
	},
	{
		code = "eɪ",
		aliases = {"ei", "eI", "eː", "e:"},
		label = "eɪ",
		tooltip = "/eɪ/: 'a' in 'face'",
	},
	{
		code = "ɛər",
		aliases = {"eir", "eIr", "e@r", "E@r", "ɛɪɹ", "eɪr", "eːr", "e:r", "ɛəɹ", "ɛə", "ɛːr", "ɛ:r", "ɛː", "ɛ:", "E:", "E:r"},
		label = "ɛər",
		tooltip = "/ɛər/: 'are' in 'bare'",
	},
	{
		code = "ɛəˈr",
		aliases = {"ɛə'r", "eəˈr", "eə'r", "e@'r", "E@'r", "ɛːˈr", "E:'r"},
		label = "ɛəˈr",
		tooltip = "/ɛəˈr/: 'ere' in 'thereof'",
	},
	{
		code = "ɛəˌr",
		aliases = {"ɛə,r", "eəˌr", "eə,r", "E@,r", "E@%r", "e@,r", "e@%r", "ɛːˌr", "E:,r", "E:%r"},
		label = "ɛəˌr",
		tooltip = "/ɛəˌr/: 'ere' in 'thereof'",
	},
	{
		code = "ɪ",
		aliases = {"I", "ᵻ"},
		label = "ɪ",
		tooltip = "/ɪ/: 'i' in 'kit'",
	},
	{
		code = "ɪr",
		label = "ɪr",
		tooltip = "/ɪr/: 'irr' in 'mirror'",
	},
	{
		code = "iː",
		aliases = {"i:"},
		label = "iː",
		tooltip = "/iː/: 'ee' in 'fleece'",
	},
	{
		code = "ɪər",
		aliases = {"i:r", "iːr", "I@r", "i@r", "ɪəɹ", "iːɹ", "ɪə"},
		label = "ɪər",
		tooltip = "/ɪər/: 'ear' in 'near'",
	},
	{
		code = "ɪəˈr",
		aliases = {"ɪə'r", "I@'r"},
		label = "ɪəˈr",
		tooltip = "/ɪəˈr/: 'er' in 'spheroidal'",
	},
	{
		code = "ɪəˌr",
		aliases = {"ɪə,r", "I@,r", "I@%r"},
		label = "ɪəˌr",
		tooltip = "/ɪəˌr/: 'er' in 'spheroidal'",
	},
	{
		code = "oʊ",
		aliases = {"o:", "oː", "ou", "oU", "@u", "@U", "əʊ", "əu", "oʊ-"},
		label = "oʊ",
		tooltip = "/oʊ/: 'o' in 'code'",
	},
	{
		code = "ɔː",
		aliases = {"O", "O:", "ɔ:", "ɒː", "Q:"},
		label = "ɔː",
		tooltip = "/ɔː/: 'au' in 'fraud'",
	},
	{
		code = "ɔːr",
		aliases = {"Or", "ɔɹ", "ɔ(r)", "ɔr", "ɔər", "oUr", "ɔəɹ", "ɔʊɹ", "oʊɹ", "oʊr", "oːr", "o:r", "ɔə", "ɔə(r)"},
		label = "ɔːr",
		tooltip = "/ɔːr/: 'ar' in 'war'",
	},
	{
		code = "ɔɪ",
		aliases = {"oj", "ɔj", "oi", "oɪ", "ɔi", "OI", "oy"},
		label = "ɔɪ",
		tooltip = "/ɔɪ/: 'oi' in 'choice'",
	},
	{
		code = "ɔɪər",
		aliases = {"ɔɪr", "oyr", "ɔɪə"},
		label = "ɔɪər",
		tooltip = "/ɔɪər/: 'oir' in 'loir'",
	},
	{
		code = "ʊ",
		aliases = {"U", "ᵿ"},
		label = "ʊ",
		tooltip = "/ʊ/: 'u' in 'push'",
	},
	{
		code = "ʊr",
		aliases = {"Ur"},
		label = "ʊr",
		tooltip = "/ʊr/: 'our' in 'courier'",
	},
	{
		code = "uː",
		aliases = {"u:"},
		label = "uː",
		tooltip = "/uː/: 'oo' in 'goose'",
	},
	{
		code = "ʊər",
		aliases = {"u:r", "uːr", "u@r", "U@r", "ʊəɹ", "ʊə"},
		label = "ʊər",
		tooltip = "/ʊər/: 'our' in 'tour'",
	},
	{
		code = "ʊəˈr",
		aliases = {"ʊə'r", "U@'r"},
		label = "ʊəˈr",
		tooltip = "/ʊəˈr/: 'ur' in 'plurality'",
	},
	{
		code = "ʊəˌr",
		aliases = {"ʊə,r", "U@,r", "U@%r"},
		label = "ʊəˌr",
		tooltip = "/ʊəˌr/: 'ur' in 'plurality'",
	},
	{
		code = "ʌ",
		aliases = {"V"},
		label = "ʌ",
		tooltip = "/ʌ/: 'u' in 'cut'",
	},
	{
		code = "ʌr",
		aliases = {"Vr", "ʌɹ"},
		label = "ʌr",
		tooltip = "/ʌr/: 'urr' in 'hurry'",
	},
	{
		code = "ɜːr",
		aliases = {"ɝː", "ɝ", "3r", "3:r", "əːr", "@:r", "ɜɹ", "ɜ(r)", "ɜr"},
		label = "ɜːr",
		tooltip = "/ɜːr/: 'ur' in 'fur'",
	},
	{
		code = "ə",
		aliases = {"@"},
		label = "ə",
		tooltip = "/ə/: 'a' in 'about'",
	},
	-- SYLLABIC CONSONANTS
	{
		code = "ər",
		aliases = {"ɚ", "@r", "əɹ", "ə(r)"},
		label = "ər",
		tooltip = "/ər/: 'er' in 'letter'",
	},
	{
		code = "əl",
		aliases = {"@l", "ᵊl", "l̩"},
		label = "əl",
		tooltip = "/əl/: 'le' in 'bottle'",
	},
	{
		code = "ən",
		aliases = {"@n", "ᵊn", "n̩"},
		label = "ən",
		tooltip = "/ən/: 'on' in 'button'",
	},
	{
		code = "əm",
		aliases = {"@m", "ᵊm", "m̩"},
		label = "əm",
		tooltip = "/əm/: 'm' in 'rhythm'",
	},
	-- ARCHIPHONEMES
	{
		code = "i",
		label = "i",
		tooltip = "/i/: 'y' in 'happy'",
	},
	{
		code = "u",
		label = "u",
		tooltip = "/u/: 'u' in 'influence'",
	},
	-- MARGINAL SEGMENTS
	{
		code = "x",
		label = "x",
		aliases = {"kh"},
		tooltip = "/x/: 'ch' in 'loch'",
	},
	{
		code = "ʔ",
		aliases = {"?"},
		label = "ʔ",
		tooltip = "/ʔ/: the catch in 'uh-oh'",
	},
	{
		code = "ɒ̃",
		aliases = {"ɑ̃", "ɒ~", "ɑ~", "Q~"},
		label = "ɒ̃",
		tooltip = "/ɒ̃/: nasal 'an' in 'vin blanc'",
	},
	{
		code = "æ̃",
		aliases = {"ae~", "{~", "ã", "a~"},
		label = "æ̃",
		tooltip = "/æ̃/: nasal 'in' in 'vin blanc'",
	},
	{
		code = "ɜː",
		aliases = {"3", "3:", "ɜ:", "ɜ", "əː", "@:"},
		label = "ɜː",
		tooltip = "/ɜː/: r-less 'ur' in 'nurse'",
	},
	-- SUPRASEGMENTALS
	{
		code = "ˈ",
		aliases = {"'", '"'},
		label = "ˈ",
		tooltip = "/ˈ/: primary stress follows",
	},
	{
		code = "ˌ",
		aliases = {",", "%"},
		label = "ˌ",
		tooltip = "/ˌ/: secondary stress follows",
	},
	{
		code = ".",
		aliases = {"·"},
		label = ".",
		tooltip = "/./: syllable break",
	},
	{
		code = "#",
		label = "#",
		tooltip = "/#/: morpheme break",
	},
	{
		code = "!",
		label = "|",
		tooltip = "/|/: prosodic break (minor)",
	},
	{
		code = "!!",
		aliases = {"‖"},
		label = "‖",
		tooltip = "/‖/: prosodic break (major)",
	},
	-- SEPARATORS
	-- Tables without tooltip text are used as word separators. In addition to
	-- not having any tooltip text in the template output, they are not
	-- underlined.
	{
		code = "_",
		label = " <wbr/>",
	},
	{
		code = "nbsp",
		aliases = {"&nbsp;"},
		label = " ",
	},
	{
		code = ",_",
		label = ", <wbr/>",
	},
	{
		code = "-",
		aliases = {"–"},
		label = "-",
	},
	{
		code = "(",
		label = "(",
	},
	{
		code = ")",
		label = ")",
	},
	-- This is useful for highly variable words in place names, which are not
	-- important to transcribe.
	{
		code = "...",
		label = "&thinsp;...&thinsp;<wbr/>",
	},
	-- Obsolete combinations, kept for compatibility
	{
		code = "juː",
		label = "juː",
		tooltip = "/juː/: 'u' in 'cute'",
	},
	{
		code = "jʊər",
		label = "jʊər",
		tooltip = "/jʊər/: 'ure' in 'cure'",
	},
}