বিষয়বস্তুতে চলুন

কৃত্রিম তন্তু: সংশোধিত সংস্করণের মধ্যে পার্থক্য

*Synthetic fibers are a source of [[microplastic]] pollution from laundry machines.<ref>{{cite journal
|doi=10.1073/pnas.1504135112 |pmid=25944930 |pmc=4426466 |title=News Feature: Microplastics present pollution puzzle |journal=Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences |volume=112 |issue=18 |pages=5547–5549 |year=2015 |last1=Katsnelson |first1=Alla }}</ref>
 
==Common synthetic fibers==
Common synthetic fibers include:
* [[Nylon]] (1931)
* [[Modacrylic]] (1949)
* [[Olefin fiber|Olefin]] (1949)
* [[Acrylic fiber|Acrylic]] (1950)
* [[Polyester]] (1953)
 
Specialty synthetic fibers include:
{{colbegin}}
* [[Rayon]] (1894) artificial silk
* [[Vinyon]] (1939)
* [[Saran (plastic)|Saran]] (1941)
* [[Spandex]] (1959)
* [[Vinalon]] (1939)
* [[Aramid]]s (1961) - known as [[Nomex]], [[Kevlar]] and [[Twaron]]
* [[Modal (textile)|Modal]] (1960's)
* [[Dyneema|Dyneema/Spectra]] (1979)
* [[Polybenzimidazole fiber|PBI]] (Polybenzimidazole fiber) (1983)
* [[Poly(p-phenylene sulfide)|Sulfar]] (1983)
* [[Lyocell]] (1992) (artificial, not synthetic)
* [[Polylactide|PLA]] (2002)
* [[M5 fiber|M-5]] (PIPD fiber)
* [[Orlon]]
* [[Zylon]] (PBO fiber)
* [[Vectran]] (TLCP fiber) made from Vectra LCP polymer
* [[Derclon]] used in manufacture of rugs
{{colend}}{{citation needed|date=June 2014}}
 
Other synthetic materials used in fibers include:
* [[Acrylonitrile]] rubber (1930)
 
Modern fibers that are made from older artificial materials include:
* [[Glass (fiber)|Glass fiber]] (1938) is used for:
** industrial, automotive, and home insulation ([[glass wool]])
** reinforcement of [[composite material]]s ([[glass-reinforced plastic]], [[glass fiber reinforced concrete]])
** specialty papers in [[battery (electricity)|battery]] separators and filtration
* [[Metallic fiber]] (1946) is used for:
** adding metallic properties to [[clothing]] for the purpose of [[fashion]] (usually made with composite plastic and [[metal foil]]s)
** elimination and prevention of static charge build-up
** conducting [[electricity]] to transmit information
** conduction of [[heat]]{{citation needed|date=June 2019}}
 
== References ==
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