টেমপ্লেট:তথ্যছক বিজ্ঞানী

উইকিপিডিয়া, মুক্ত বিশ্বকোষ থেকে
নথি আইকন টেমপ্লেট নথি[দেখুন] [সম্পাদনা] [ইতিহাস] [শোধন]
তথ্যছক বিজ্ঞানী

{{Infobox scientist}} may be used to summarize information about a person who is a scientist, medic, engineer, mathematician or (scientific) academic.

ব্যবহার

ফাঁকা সিনট্যাক্স

This infobox may be added to an article by copy-pasting the code below at the start of the article, completing it (and/or replacing any of the commented information) and then grouping those parameters left unused together.

{{Infobox scientist
| name        = 
| native_name = 
| native_name_lang = 
| image       =   <!--(filename only, i.e. without "File:" prefix)-->
| imagesize   = 
| alt         = 
| caption     = 
| birth_date  =   <!--{{birth date |YYYY|MM|DD}}-->
| birth_place = 
| death_date  =   <!--{{death date and age |YYYY|MM|DD |YYYY|MM|DD}} (death date then birth date)-->
| death_place = 
| death_cause = 
| resting_place = 
| resting_place_coordinates =  <!--{{coord|LAT|LONG|type:landmark|display=inline,title}}-->
| other_names = 
| residence   = 
| citizenship = 
| nationality = 
| fields      = 
| workplaces  = 
| patrons     = 
| education   = 
| alma_mater  = 
| thesis_title =  <!--(or  | thesis1_title =  and  | thesis2_title = )-->
| thesis_url  =   <!--(or  | thesis1_url  =   and  | thesis2_url  =  )-->
| thesis_year =   <!--(or  | thesis1_year =   and  | thesis2_year =  )-->
| doctoral_advisor = 
| academic_advisors = 
| doctoral_students = 
| notable_students = 
| known_for   = 
| influences  = 
| influenced  = 
| awards      = 
| author_abbrev_bot = 
| author_abbrev_zoo = 
| spouse      =   <!--(or | spouses = )-->
| partner     =   <!--(or | partners = )-->
| children    = 
| signature   =   <!--(filename only)-->
| signature_alt = 
| website     =   <!--{{URL|www.example.com}}-->
| footnotes   = 
}}

পরামিতি

All parameters are optional. (If no name is provided, the infobox defaults to the article's name.)

Parameter Explanation
name Insert name of scientist, mathematician or engineer. Note: Do not add icons or other images.
native_name The person's name in their own language, if different
native_name_lang ISO 639-2 code e.g. "fre" or "fra" for French – If more than one, use {{lang}} in native_name= instead.
image Filename of appropriate image
imagesize Image's width (uses users default image size if not set)
alt Image alt text, for visually impaired readers – See WP:ALT.
caption Image caption – If known, include date the image made and/or creator.
birth_name Birth name – Use only if different from name in header.
birth_date Scientist's date of birth
birth_place Place of birth (e.g. town/city, region, country)
death_date Date of death
death_place Place of death (e.g. town/city, region, country)
resting_place Place of burial, ash-scattering, etc.
resting_place_coordinates Coordinates for place of burial, ash-scattering etc. – Use {{coord}} template.
other_names Former- or nick- names – Separate multiple values by using {{Plainlist}}.
residence Place or places where the scientist lived (for significant periods)
citizenship Scientist's citizenship
nationality Use if nationality not the same as citizenship above.
fields Principal fields of work (physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, engineering, &c) not occupation (physicist...engineer)
workplaces Key work places, universities, companies, etc.
patrons People who subsidized the scientist's education and/or research
education Education, e.g. degree, institution and graduation year, if relevant. If very little information is available or relevant, the |alma_mater= parameter may be more appropriate.
alma_mater University or universities where scientist obtained their degree or degrees
thesis_title Title of the scientist's doctoral thesis
thesis_url URL to the scientist's doctoral thesis
thesis_year The year the thesis was defended and the scientist promoted
doctoral_advisor Name of scientist's doctoral advisor, if applicable
academic_advisors Names of any significant educational advisors (other than doctoral advisor)
doctoral_students Names of any notable doctoral students advised by the scientist
notable_students Names of any notable non-doctoral students advised by the scientist
known_for Key topics/areas of study in which the scientist is notable
author_abbrev_bot If a scientist is the author of a botanical species, insert their botanical author abbreviation here.
author_abbrev_zoo If a scientist is the author of a zoological species, insert their zoological author abbreviation here.
influences Any notable people who influenced the scientist significantly
influenced Any notable people significantly influenced by the scientist
awards Notable awards/prizes received by the scientist
signature Filename of an image of the scientist's signature (if available)
signature_alt Alt text for signature
website Official website
footnotes For any footnotes needed to clarify entries above
spouse The scientist's spouse or spouses (with date ranges of marriage)
parents The scientist's parents
children Number of children (e.g. three or 3), or list of names if notable, in which case, separate entries using {{Plainlist}} or {{Unbulleted list}}. For privacy reasons, consider omitting the names of children of living persons, unless the children are independently notable.

নির্দেশিকা

name  
This is the name that scientist was usually known by. Do not put the full expanded name here.
image  
This is the portrait or photo of the scientist. If there is a choice between good images, chose the one from a period where the scientist's work flourished. Avoid photos where the scientist was a child or very elderly, unless there is nothing else available.
imagesize 
This should normally be left at the default image size which will let users change the size to their own preference.
alt  
This should describe only the visual appearance of the image, for visually-impaired readers. It should not repeat the caption. See WP:ALT.
caption  
The caption should contain the full expanded name of the scientist, year or birth and death, if available, and any relevant details about the photo or portrait.
birth_name  
Birth name of scientist. Use only if different from name in header. This parameter will be displayed in the "born" field, before birth date and birth place.
birth_date  
Birth date of scientist. Use the full formatting that computes the scientist's age.
birth_place  
Birth place of scientist. Put town/city followed by country.
death_date  
Death date of scientist. Use the full formatting that computes the scientists age.
death_place  
Death place of scientist. Put town/city followed by country. Note: this is the place where the person died, which might be different from burial place.
resting_place 
Where the scientist was buried, or their ashes scattered
resting_place_coordinates
WGS84 coordinates for the |resting_place=. Only use if known precisely (i.e. do not give generic coordinates for the cemetery). Use {{Coord}}.
residence  
List countries only. Put a line break after each one. These are places where the scientist lived for significant periods. The intention is that these are countries of domicile. Do not include countries where the scientist temporarily resided for brief collaboration or study leave.
citizenship  
List countries only. Put a line break after each one. This is the scientist's citizenship, which often can be different from country of domicile or residency.
nationality  
List country only. Only insert this if it is different from citizenship.
fields  
List the scientist's principal field(s) of work as described in the article, e.g. Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Physiology, Molecular biology, Electronic engineering etc. Avoid using occupations, e.g. Physicist, Zoologist, Surgeon, Inventor.
workplaces  
List the key work places, universities, companies, organizations etc. that the scientist worked at. The intention is to not list minor places that the scientist performed collaborative visits at. The intention is to list places where the scientist was officially appointed with a payroll (ie. don't list places that represent adjunct appointments).
patrons  
List notable benefactors who financially supported the scientist's education and/or research.
alma_mater  
List the universities where the scientist obtained all his/her degrees from. In anomalous cases where a degree was carried out remotely or in a different university to the university that administered the degree, insert the administering university. The main article can then discuss the specific situation.
thesis_title  
If the scientist obtained a PhD, insert the thesis title. Otherwise leave blank.
thesis_url  
E.g. a link to the abstract of the thesis at a university library or link to a PDF on the scientists homepage.
doctoral_advisor  
If the scientist obtained a PhD, insert the doctoral advisor(s). Otherwise leave blank.
academic_advisors 
Insert names of significant academic teachers other than the doctoral advisor: e.g. Master's advisor, postdoctoral supervisor, significant undergraduate mentor/teacher etc. In Cambridge, before 1919, there was no PhD and so you can insert the relevant Cambridge tutor.
doctoral_students 
Insert names of doctoral students supervised by the scientist. If a student does not have a wiki article, then comment the name out. It can be reinstated once such an article appears. The idea is to list only those students who are significant enough to warrant their own article.
notable_students  
Insert names of any notable non-doctoral students taught or supervised by the scientist. These can be undergraduates, postdocs, masters students etc. If a student does not have a wiki article, then comment the name out.
known_for  
Insert the key topics/areas for which the scientist is notable, e.g. 'discovering the electron'. In the case of prolific scientists, preferably list the discoveries named after the scientist, e.g. 'Maxwell's equations'. In the case where a scientist is so prolific that a whole wiki article listing the discoveries exists, then you may insert a simple link to that page with the words 'see list'.
author_abbrev_bot 
If a scientist is the author of a botanical species, insert their botanical author abbreviation here. Otherwise leave blank.
author_abbrev_zoo 
If a scientist is the author of a zoological species, insert their zoological author abbreviation here. Otherwise leave blank.
influences  
List names of any notable people who influenced the scientist significantly. Influences should be restricted to a small number (perhaps two or three), where the scientist was clearly and directly building on the work of an earlier thinker. For example, the scientist may have named an earlier thinker as providing the foundation for one of their major achievements. Unless the scientist was clearly building on an earlier work, avoid adding influences that were only via study, as such influences are generally too many and hard to separate. Only list influences who are notable enough to warrant their own wiki article.
influenced  
List names of any notable people who were significantly influenced by the scientist. Influenced should be restricted to a small number (perhaps two or three), where the scientist clearly and directly provided the foundation for work by a later thinker. For example, the scientist may be named by the later thinker as providing the basis for one of their major works. Unless the later thinker was clearly building on the scientist's work, avoid adding names that were only influenced by study of the scientist, as such influences are generally too many and hard to separate. Only list influenced people who are notable enough to warrant their own wiki article.
awards  
List major awards. Put year of award in brackets after name of award. Insert a line break after each award. Avoid awards that are not significant enough to withstand their own wiki article description.
signature  
Filename of an image of the scientist's handwritten signature (if available).
signature_alt 
Alt text for the signature. Typically this is just the text of the signature, e.g., "Is. Newton" for File:Isaac Newton signature.svg.
website  
Official website only. Unofficial websites should be placed under ==External links== in the body of the article. Use {{URL}} as {{URL|www.example.com}}.
footnotes  
For any footnotes needed to clarify entries above. This section is also often used to add extra notable items, typically, if the scientist is a relative of another person with a wiki article.
Common errors to avoid
  • Always copy and paste the infobox template from here, not another article, in order to guarantee the full correct version.
  • If a field does not apply, leave it blank. Do not delete it. This is because is acts as a place-holder and future editors may find a field applies after all. You may put a comment in the blank field that it is not applicable if you are sure of this.

উদাহরণ

Paul Dirac
Head of man in his thirties with tousled hair sticking up and a small mustache
জন্ম (১৯০২-০৮-০৮)আগস্ট ৮, ১৯০২
Bristol, England
মৃত্যু অক্টোবর ২০, ১৯৮৪(১৯৮৪-১০-২০) (৮২ বছর)
Tallahassee, Florida, USA
বাসস্থান টেমপ্লেট:Ublist
জাতীয়তা British
কর্মক্ষেত্র Physics (theoretical)
প্রতিষ্ঠান টেমপ্লেট:Ublist
প্রাক্তন ছাত্র টেমপ্লেট:Ublist
পিএইচডি উপদেষ্টা Ralph Fowler
পিএইচডি ছাত্ররা টেমপ্লেট:Ublist
পরিচিতির কারণ
Seminal contributions to quantum mechanics
উল্লেখযোগ্য পুরস্কার 1933  Nobel Prize in Physics
{{Infobox scientist
| name = Paul Dirac
| image = Dirac_4.jpg
| alt = Head of man in his thirties with tousled hair sticking up and a small mustache
| caption = <!--(not needed as image is straightforward portrait)-->
| birth_date = {{birth date|1902|8|8|mf=y}}
| birth_place = [[Bristol]], [[England]]
| death_date = {{death date and age|1984|10|20|1902|8|8}}
| death_place = [[Tallahassee]], [[Florida]], USA
| residence = {{ublist |[[United Kingdom]] |[[United States]]}}
| nationality = [[British nationality|British]]
| fields = [[Physics]] ([[Theoretical physics|theoretical]])
| workplaces = {{ublist |[[University of Cambridge|Cambridge University]] |[[Florida State University]]}}
| alma_mater = {{ublist |[[University of Bristol]] |Cambridge University}}
| doctoral_advisor = [[Ralph Fowler]]
| doctoral_students = {{ublist |[[Homi J. Bhabha|Homi Bhabha]] |[[Harish-Chandra|Harish Chandra Mehrotra]] |[[Denis Sciama|Dennis Sciama]] |[[Behram Kurşunoğlu]] |[[John Polkinghorne]] |[[Per-Olov Löwdin]]}}
| known_for = {{longitem|Seminal contributions to [[quantum mechanics]]}}
| awards = {{smaller|1933{{nbsp|2}}}}[[Nobel Prize in Physics]]
}}


টেমপ্লেট ডেটা

টেমপ্লেট প্যারামিটার
প্যারামিটার বিবরণ ধরন ডিফল্ট Auto value অবস্থা
Name name Name of scientist string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Native Name native_name The person's name in their own language, if different. string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Native Name Lang native_name_lang Name of scientist in other language string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Image image Image of scientist wiki-page-name খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Image Size image_size Image's width number খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Altitude Text alt Image alt text, for visually impaired readers string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Caption caption Image caption if known string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Birth Name birth_name Scientist's birth name string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Birth Date birth_date Scientist's date of birth line খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Birth Place birth_place Place of birth string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Death Date death_date Date of death line খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Death Place death_place Place of death string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Resting Place resting_place Place of burial string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Resting Place Coordinates resting_place_coordinates Coordinates for place of burial string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Other Names other_names Former- or nick- names string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Residence residence Place or places where the scientist lived string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Citizenship citizenship Scientist's citizenship. string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Nationality nationality Nationality of scientist string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Fields fields Principal fields of work not occupation string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Workplaces workplaces workplace where scientist worked string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Patrons patrons Notable people who subsidized the scientist's education and/or research string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Alma Mater alma_mater University or universities where scientist obtained their degree or degrees string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Thesis Title thesis_title Title of the scientist's doctoral thesis. string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Thesis Url thesis_url URL to the scientist's doctoral thesis string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Thesis Year thesis_year The year the thesis was defended and the scientist promoted. line খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Doctoral Advisor doctoral_advisor Name of scientist's doctoral advisor, if applicable string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Academic Advisors academic_advisors Names of any significant educational advisors string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Doctoral Students doctoral_students Names of any notable doctoral students advised by the scientist string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Notable Students notable_students Names of any notable non-doctoral students advised by the scientist. string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Known For known_for topics/areas of study in which the scientist notable. string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Author Abbrev Bot author_abbrev_bot If a scientist is the author of a botanical species, insert their botanical author abbreviation string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Author Abbrev Zoo author_abbrev_zoo If a scientist is the author of a zoological species, insert their zoological author abbreviation string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Influences influences Any notable people who influenced the scientist significantly string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Influenced influenced Any notable people significantly influenced by the scientist. string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Awards awards Notable awards/prizes received by the scientist. string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Signature signature Filename of an image of the scientist's signature wiki-page-name খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Signature Alt signature_alt Alt text for signature. string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Website website Official website string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Footnotes footnotes For any footnotes needed to clarify entries above. string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Spouse spouse The scientist's spouse or spouses string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Parents parents The scientist's parents. string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক
Children children Number of children (e.g. three or 3), or list of names, in which case, separate entries using Template:Plainlist or Template:Unbulleted list. For privacy reasons, consider omitting the names of children of living persons, unless the children are independently notable. string খালি empty ঐচ্ছিক

মাইক্রোবিন্যাস

The HTML markup produced by this template includes an hCard microformat, which makes the person's details parsable by computers, either acting automatically to catalogue articles across Wikipedia or via a browser tool operated by a reader, to (for example) add the subject to an address book or database. For more information about the use of microformats on Wikipedia, please see the microformat project.

উপ-টেমপ্লেট

Date-of-birth ("bday") information will only be included in the microformat if {{birth date}}, or {{birth date and age}} are used in the infobox. (Do not use these if the date is before 1583).

To include a URL, use {{URL}}.

Please do not remove instances of these sub-templates.

শ্রেণী

এইচকার্ড সহ এইচটিএমএল ক্লাস ব্যবহার করে:

  • adr
  • agent
  • bday
  • birthplace
  • category
  • country-name
  • deathdate
  • deathplace
  • extended-address
  • family-name
  • fn (required)
  • given-name
  • honorific-prefix
  • honorific-suffix
  • label
  • locality
  • n
  • nickname
  • note
  • org
  • role
  • url
  • vcard

Please do not rename or remove these classes; nor collapse nested elements which use them.