টেমপ্লেট:তথ্যছক চলচ্চিত্র

উইকিপিডিয়া, মুক্ত বিশ্বকোষ থেকে
নথি আইকন টেমপ্লেট নথি[দেখুন] [সম্পাদনা] [ইতিহাস] [শোধন]

{{Infobox film}} is used to list at-a-glance comparative information about a particular motion picture.

ব্যবহার[সম্পাদনা]

The infobox may be added by pasting the template as shown below into an article, typically at the top of an article above the lead section.

{{Infobox film
| name           =
| image          =
| image_size     =
| border         =
| alt            =
| caption        =
| director       =
| producer       =
| writer         =
| screenplay     =
| story          =
| based on       = <!-- {{based on|title of the original work|writer of the original work}} -->
| narrator       =
| starring       =
| music          =
| cinematography =
| editing        =
| studio         =
| distributor    =
| released       = <!-- {{Film date|Year|Month|Day|Location}} -->
| runtime        =
| country        =
| language       =
| budget         =
| gross          =
}}

স্থিতিমাপসমূহ[সম্পাদনা]

All parameters are optional.

Parameter Explanation
name Insert the full common name of the film (defaults to {{PAGENAME}} if empty).
image Insert a relevant image for the film. Ideally this should be a film poster, but a DVD/VHS cover, screenshot, or other film-related image may also be used. Only use the actual file name, i.e. |image=Forrest Gump poster.jpg. See #Image for further guidelines.
image_size The infobox uses frameless which automatically resizes images to a default width of 220px unless the full size of the image is smaller. Logged in users can change the default width by clicking on "my preferences" and changing the thumbnail size under the "Appearance" tab (see Help:Preferences). This parameter should not normally be used.
border Inserting yes here will result in a 1px grey border around the image, useful for instances where the image and the background will blend together (such as a film poster with a white background). If no border is necessary, this parameter should not be used.
alt Alt text for the image. See WP:ALT. This field is normally not visible in standard web browsers, but you can see it by requesting the image's properties from the brower. A visually impaired reader will typically hear the alt text in place of the image.
caption Insert image caption, which should describe the type of image used.
director Insert the name(s) of the director(s). Separate multiple entries using {{Plainlist}}. In addition, link each director to his/her appropriate article if possible.
producer Insert the name(s) of the producer(s). Separate multiple entries using {{Plainlist}}. In addition, link each producer to his/her appropriate article if possible. Only producer credits should be included, not executive producers, associate producers, etc.
writer Insert the name(s) of the writer(s). This field is primarily used for films where the writer(s) are credited under "Written by". Separate multiple entries using {{Plainlist}}. In addition, link each writer to his/her appropriate article if possible.
screenplay Insert the name(s) of the screenplay writer(s). Separate multiple entries using {{Plainlist}}. Use this field instead of the normal writer field if films divide writing credits between screenplay and story writers. In addition, link each writer to his/her appropriate article if possible.
story Insert the name(s) of the story writer(s). Separate multiple entries using {{Plainlist}}. Use this field instead of the normal writer field if films divide writing credits between screenplay and story writers. In addition, link each writer to his/her appropriate article if possible.
based on Insert the title of the source material and the name(s) of the source material writer(s). Use this field in conjunction with screenplay and story where applicable (i.e. "Screen story") if films are based on previously produced or published material, such as books, plays, articles, old screenplays etc. Use {{based on}} or similar formatting where possible. Do not use this field where the source material is ambiguous.
narrator Insert the name(s) of the narrator(s). Separate multiple entries using {{Plainlist}}. In addition, link each narrator to his/her appropriate article if possible.
starring Insert the name(s) of the actor(s) who had major roles in the film. Separate multiple entries using {{Plainlist}}. In addition, link each actor to his/her appropriate article if possible. Do not add qualifiers such as "with" or "featuring", nor should punctuation or "and" be added as the line break acts as the text separator.
music Insert the name(s) of the composer(s) of original music. Separate multiple entries using {{Plainlist}}. In addition, link each composer to his/her appropriate article if possible.
cinematography Insert the name(s) of the cinematographer(s). Separate multiple entries using {{Plainlist}}. In addition, link each cinematographer to his/her appropriate article if possible.
editing Insert the name(s) of the editor(s). Separate multiple entries using {{Plainlist}}. Listing "additional editors" and "supervising editors" may occasionally be appropriate, in which case add the tag "(add)" or "(sup)". Link each editor to his/her article if possible.
studio Insert the company that produced the film. Separate multiple entries using {{Plainlist}}. In addition, link each company to its appropriate article if possible.
distributor Insert the company name(s) of the distributor(s). Separate multiple entries using {{Plainlist}}. In addition, link each distributor to its appropriate article if possible.
released Insert only the most relevant release date(s) of the film. If multiple entries are required, separate using {{Plainlist}}. Use {{Film date}}. See #Release dates for additional guidelines.
runtime Insert an approximate time duration of the film in minutes. Do not link to minute. The BBFC website is a good resource - the running time is given to the second, so round it to the minute.
country Fill in the countries of production, as identified by a reliable source. Reliable databases exist (see BFI, AFI, or Variety) that list the production countries. If there is a conflict of information in various reliable sources, then list only the common published nations. Alternatively in the case of conflict, consider leaving this field blank and discussing the issue in the article.
When using the field, do not use flag icons, as this places an unnecessary emphasis on nationality; see MOS:FLAG for a detailed rationale. Also, do not link to Cinema of XXXX; see WP:EGG.
language Insert the language primarily used in the film. Databases often give every language spoken within the film, even if they only reflect a few lines in the overall script. The BBFC website is a good resource for the main language used in the film. Only in rare cases of clearly bilingual or multilingual films, enter separate entries with a line break (<br />). In the case of a single language without any additional text, it will automatically link to the language article (and the film article will also be put automatically in the category concerned). In other cases, give the wikitext for the desired linked text.

Note: inserting "English" will not automatically link to English language. This has been done intentionally because readers of the English Wikipedia are already familiar with the language and no benefit is added by placing a link to it. Please do not override this by inserting [[English language|English]].

budget Insert the approximate production budget of the film. This is the cost of the actual filming, and does not include marketing/promotional costs (i.e. advertisements, commercials, posters, etc). Budget figures can be found at Box Office Mojo and The-Numbers, with the later usually listing a mainstream website as the main source of the budget, such as the Los Angeles Times, Variety, etc. Such websites are preferred to cite as a reference, if possible. If there are conflicting estimates, do not cherry-pick; list each estimate either as an individual value or as a number range.
gross Insert the worldwide gross revenue accrued by the film. This information is available for most pictures at Box Office Mojo and The-Numbers. If worldwide gross is not available, then indicate which region has grossed that amount.

উদাহরণ[সম্পাদনা]

Plan 9 from Outer Space
"PLAN 9 FROM OUTER SPACE" in large red letters adorns a beam from a night sky containing spacecraft and warplanes. The foreground has the head of a man in a bubble-headed red spacesuit, a caped vampire attacking a victim, a seductive vampiress, and gravediggers at work. Above the title is "UNSPEAKABLE HORRORS FROM OUTER SPACE PARALYZE THE LIVING AND RESURRECT THE DEAD!"; below are "BELA LUGOSI", "VAMPIRA", and "LYLE TALBOT". This movie poster is cheaply printed: the only colors are blue, red, and the yellowed background.
Theatrical release poster
পরিচালক Edward D. Wood, Jr.
প্রযোজক J. Edward Reynolds
রচয়িতা Edward D. Wood, Jr.
বর্ণনাকারী The Amazing Criswell
অভিনেতা
সুরকার Frank Worth
চিত্রগ্রাহক William C. Thompson
সম্পাদক Edward D. Wood, Jr.
বণ্টনকারী Distributors Corporation of America
মুক্তি
  • জুলাই 1959 (1959-07)
দৈর্ঘ্য 79 minutes
দেশ United States
ভাষা English
নির্মাণব্যয় $60,000
{{Infobox film
| name           = Plan 9 from Outer Space
| image          = Plan nine from outer space.jpg
| alt            = "PLAN 9 FROM OUTER SPACE" in large red letters adorns a beam from a night sky containing spacecraft and warplanes. The foreground has the head of a man in a bubble-headed red spacesuit, a caped vampire attacking a victim, a seductive vampiress, and gravediggers at work. Above the title is "UNSPEAKABLE HORRORS FROM OUTER SPACE PARALYZE THE LIVING AND RESURRECT THE DEAD!"; below are "BELA LUGOSI", "VAMPIRA", and "LYLE TALBOT". This movie poster is cheaply printed: the only colors are blue, red, and the yellowed background.
| caption        = Theatrical release poster
| director       = [[Edward D. Wood, Jr.]]
| producer       = J. Edward Reynolds
| writer         = Edward D. Wood, Jr.
| narrator       = [[The Amazing Criswell]]
| starring       = {{Plainlist|
* [[Gregory Walcott]]
* Mona McKinnon
* [[Tom Keene (actor)|Tom Keene]]
* [[Tor Johnson]]
* [[Dudley Manlove]] | Joanna Lee
* [[Bunny Breckinridge]]
* [[Maila Nurmi|Vampira]]
* [[Béla Lugosi]]
}}
| music          = Frank Worth
| cinematography = [[William C. Thompson (cinematographer)|William C. Thompson]]
| editing        = Edward D. Wood, Jr.
| distributor    = Distributors Corporation of America
| released       = {{Film date|1959|07}}
| runtime        = 79 minutes
| country        = United States
| language       = English
| budget         = $60,000
}}

চিত্র[সম্পাদনা]

Ideally, an image of the film's original theatrical release poster should be uploaded and added to the infobox to serve as an identifying image for the article. Poster images can be found at websites such as Internet Movie Poster Awards or Internet Movie Poster Database. If a poster image cannot be found for the film, or if the film did not have a theatrical release, then a cover image of the film's display case (VHS, DVD, etc.) may be used instead. Cover images can be found at commercial websites such as Amazon.com or Amazon.co.uk. In the absence of an appropriate poster or cover image, a screenshot of the film's title card may also be used. When replacing an existing image, upload the new image over the old image (where possible), and update the relevant details on the image description page. Click here to find instructions for uploading non-free images.

Once uploaded, place the file name of the image, e.g., FILM TITLE poster.jpg (or a similar description), in the image= field of the infobox, but do not include the Image: part of the file name. The image_size= field only needs to be filled if the width of the image is less than 200 pixels (the default image width used by the infobox); enter the actual width of the image, in pixels, so it is not stretched in the infobox. The caption= field should describe the image, i.e., identifying it as "Theatrical release poster" or "DVD cover"; repeating the title of the film here is not necessary. Below is an example of how to use the fields:

| name           = FILM TITLE
| image          = FILM TITLE poster.jpg
| image_size     = 150
| caption        = Theatrical release poster

Release dates[সম্পাদনা]

সংক্ষিপ্তসমূহ:

The film infobox is too small to reproduce the long lists of release dates provided by sources such as the Internet Movie Database. Release dates should therefore be restricted to the film's earliest release, whether it was at a film festival or a public release, and the release date(s) in the country or countries that produced the film, excluding sneak previews or screenings. {{Film date}} should be used for the film's release dates. If other release dates are found to be notable, it may be appropriate to include them in the main body of the article (example).

Release dates for straight-to-video and television films should follow the preceding guideline for home releases and airings, respectively.

Some editors like to use flag icons instead of country names. However, this should be avoided, as flags are less recognizable than country names. See Wikipedia:Manual of Style (flags) for a more detailed rationale.

IMDb, Allmovie, and other external links[সম্পাদনা]

When this infobox template was first created, in December 2004, one of the parameters created an external link to the Internet Movie Database (IMDb). Irrespective of the fact that IMDb is not used as a reliable source for verifying content in Wikipedia articles, it still is a resource that many people, including editors and readers of Wikipedia, often turn to.

In more recent years, additional external websites have become increasingly useful resources, including Allmovie, Box Office Mojo, British Film Institute, Metacritic, and Rotten Tomatoes. Also, modern films almost invariably have an official website. As a consequence, new external links were added to and removed from the infobox as consensus changed on the subject.

Discussions about the fate of these links took place in numerous places over some time, with a number of people advocating removal of all external links from the infobox, if not the article as a whole. Others spoke of the value of having at least a link to IMDb in the infobox. Eventually, a far from undisputed consensus arose to remove all external links from the infobox and to move them to the External links section where appropriate in view of the External links guideline.

Important points towards this consensus included fact that the infobox could not include all of the available links and that it would be inappropriate to pick and choose one or a few of those links over others. Suggestions that losing access to the most useful of the available links (typically IMDb) would damage the usefulness of film articles were not found persuasive by many since such links could still be included in the External links section and the table of contents linking to the external links section having all of the useful external links is adjacent the infobox.

External links to resources such as the Internet Movie Database (IMDb), Allmovie and any official website are no longer included in this template. Nevertheless, these resources and others may be usefully added to the "External links" section of the article using the following templates:

A link to the official website, if any, may be created manually, or using the {{official website|url|name=title (optional)}} template.

Ratings[সম্পাদনা]

Like links to IMDb, statements of a film's rating(s) have been excluded from the infobox as consensus has shifted over the years. Mainly, there are simply too many ratings systems in English-speaking countries, let alone the world over. Further, these ratings systems rarely exactly agree, and a film's rating can change drastically over time as different editions of a film are released, and re-released, to theaters, broadcast, cable/satellite/streaming, and home media. Ratings information should be integrated into the film's article.

Preceded by/Followed by[সম্পাদনা]

The "Preceded by" and "Followed by" parameters were removed on 16 February 2011. (See Template talk:Infobox film/Archive 19#Preceded By.2FFollowed By)

Microformat[সম্পাদনা]

The HTML mark up produced by this template includes an hCalendar microformat, which makes the event details parsable by computers, either acting automatically to catalogue articles across Wikipedia, or via a browser tool operated by a person, to (for example) add the subject to a calendar or diary application. For more information about the use of microformats on Wikipedia, please see the microformat project.

Sub-templates[সম্পাদনা]

Dates will only be included if you use {{Start date}} or {{End date}} (use the former for single dates; but do not use any of these if the date is before 1583 CE).

URLs will only be included if you use {{URL}}.

Please do not remove instances of these sub-templates.

Classes[সম্পাদনা]

hCalendar uses HTML classes including:

  • attendee
  • contact
  • description
  • dtend
  • dtstart
  • location
  • organiser
  • summary
  • url
  • vevent

Please do not rename or remove these classes; nor collapse nested elements which use them.

আরও দেখুন[সম্পাদনা]