টেমপ্লেট:তথ্যছক

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Template:Userbox নিবন্ধের সাথে বিভ্রান্ত হবেন না।

This template is intended as a meta-template: a template used for constructing other templates. It is not meant for use directly in an article, but can be used on a one-off basis if required. See Help:Infobox for an introduction to infoboxes and information on how to design them. See Category:Infobox templates for specific infobox templates.

ব্যবহার

Usage is similar to {{navbox}}, but with an additional distinction. Each row on the table can contain either a header, or a label/data pair, or just a data cell. These are mutually exclusive states so if you define a row with both a header and a label/data pair, the label/data pair is ignored.

To insert an image somewhere other than at the top of the infobox, or to insert freeform data, use a row with only a data field.

নম্বর রেঞ্জ

To allow flexibility when the layout of an infobox is changed, it may be helpful when developing an infobox to use non-contiguous numbers for header and label/data rows. Parameters for new rows can then be inserted in future without having to renumber existing parameters. For example:

|header3  = Section 1
|label5   = Label A
|data5    = Data A
|label7   = Label C
|data7    = Data C
|header10 = Section 2
|label12  = Label D
|data12   = Data D

It is also possible to automatically renumber parameter names by using Module:IncrementParams.

Note that although there is no limitation on the number of rows available, row parameters should not be numbered more than 50 apart. See the #Limitations section below for more details.

Parameters

View/discuss/edit links

name
If this parameter is present, "view/discuss/edit" links will be added to the bottom of the infobox, pointing to the named template. You can use {{subst:PAGENAME}}.
However this is rarely what you want, because it will send users clicking these links in an infobox in an article to the template code rather than the data in the infobox that they probably want to change.

Title

Text in caption over infobox
Subheader of the infobox
(the rest of the infobox goes here)
Text in uppermost cell of infobox
Subheader of the infobox
Second subheader of the infobox
(the rest of the infobox goes here)

There are two different ways to put a title on an infobox. One contains the title inside the infobox's border, the other puts it on top as a caption. You can use both of them together if you like, or just one or the other, or even neither (though this is not recommended).

title 
Text to put in the caption over top of the table.
above 
Text to put within the uppermost cell of the table.

Optional content

subheader(n) 
additional title fields which fit below {{{title}}} and {{{above}}}. Subheader parameters should not be spaced more than 10 apart.
image(n) 
images to display at the top of the template. Use full image syntax, for example [[File:example.png|200px|alt=Example alt text]]. Image is centered by default. See WP:ALT for more on alt text. Image parameters should not be spaced more than 10 apart.
caption(n) 
Text to put underneath the images.
header(n) 
Text to use as a header in row n. Header and data parameters should not be spaced more than 50 apart.
label(n)
Text to use as a label in row n.
data(n)
Text to display as data in row n. Header and data parameters should not be spaced more than 50 apart.
below
Text to put in the bottom cell. The bottom cell is intended for footnotes, see-also, and other such information.
child
See the embedding section for details.

Note: for any given value for (n), not all combinations of parameters are permitted. The presence of a |header(n)= will cause the corresponding |data(n)=|label(n)= (and |rowclass(n)=, see below) to be ignored; the absence of a |data(n)= will cause the corresponding |label(n)= to be ignored. Valid combinations for any single row are:

  • |header(n)= |class(n)=
  • |data(n)= |rowclass(n)= |class(n)=
  • |label(n)= |data(n)= |rowclass(n)= |class(n)=

See the rendering of header4, label4, and data4 in the examples section below.

Optional CSS styling

bodystyle 
Applies to the infobox table as a whole
titlestyle 
Applies only to the title caption. Adding a background color is usually inadvisable since the text is rendered "outside" the infobox.
abovestyle 
Applies only to the "above" cell at the top. The default style has font-size:large; since this cell is usually used for a title, if you want to use the above cell for regular-sized text include "font-size:medium;" in the abovestyle.
imagestyle 
Applies to the cell the image is in. This includes the text of the image caption, but you should set text properties with captionstyle instead of imagestyle in case the caption is moved out of this cell in the future.
captionstyle 
Applies to the text of the image caption.
headerstyle 
Applies to all header cells
labelstyle 
Applies to all label cells
datastyle 
Applies to all data cells
belowstyle 
Applies only to the below cell

HTML classes

bodyclass 
This parameter is inserted into the "class" attribute for the infobox as a whole.
titleclass 
This parameter is inserted into the "class" attribute for the infobox's title caption.
aboveclass 
This parameter is inserted into the "class" attribute for the infobox's "above" cell.
aboverowclass 
This parameter is inserted into the "class" attribute for the complete table row the "above" cell is on.
subheaderclass 
This parameter is inserted into the "class" attribute for the infobox's subheader.
subheaderrowclass 
This parameter is inserted into the "class" attribute for the complete table row the subheader is on.
imageclass 
This parameter is inserted into the "class" attribute for the image.
imagerowclass(n) 
These parameters are inserted into the "class" attribute for the complete table row the respective images are on.
rowclass(n) 
This parameter is inserted into the "class" attribute for the specified row including the label or other explanatory text.
class(n) 
This parameter is inserted into the "class" attribute for the data cell of the specified row. If there's no data cell it has no effect.
belowclass 
This parameter is inserted into the "class" attribute for the infobox's below cell.

Microformats

This template supports the addition of microformat information. This is done by adding "class" attributes to various data cells, indicating what kind of information is contained within. To flag an infobox as containing hCard information, for example, add the following parameter:

|bodyclass = vcard

And for each row containing a data cell that's part of the vcard, add a corresponding class parameter:

|class1 = fn
|class2 = org
|class3 = tel

...and so forth. "above" and "title" can also be given classes, since these are usually used to display the name of the subject of the infobox.

See Wikipedia:WikiProject Microformats for more information on adding microformat information to Wikipedia, and microformat for more information on microformats in general.

Italic titles

Titles of articles with infoboxes may be made italic, in line with WP:ITALICTITLE, by passing the italic title parameter.

  • Turn on italic titles by passing |italic title={{{italic title|}}} from the infobox.
  • Turn off by default but allow some instances to be made italic by passing |italic title={{{italic title|no}}}
  • Do not make any titles italic by not passing the parameter at all.

Making fields optional

A row with a label but no data is not displayed. This allows for the easy creation of optional infobox content rows. To make a row optional use a parameter that defaults to an empty string, like so:

|label5 = Population
|data5  = {{{population|}}}

This way if an article doesn't define the population parameter in its infobox the row won't be displayed.

For more complex fields with pre-formatted contents that would still be present even if the parameter wasn't set, you can wrap it all in an "#if" statement to make the whole thing vanish when the parameter is not used. For instance, the "#if" statement in the following example reads "#if:the parameter mass has been supplied |then display it, followed by 'kg'":

|label6 = Mass
|data6  = {{#if:{{{mass|}}}|{{{mass}}} kg}}

For more on #if, see here.

You can also make headers optional in a similar way. If you want a header to appear only if one or more of the data fields that fall under it are filled, one could use the following pattern as an example of how to do it:

{{Infobox
|name    = {{subst:PAGENAME}}
|title   = Example of an optional header
|header1 = {{#if:{{{item_one|}}}{{{item_two|}}}{{{item_three|}}}|Optional header}}
|label2  = Item one
|data2   = {{{item_one|}}}
|label3  = Item two
|data3   = {{{item_two|}}}
|label4  = Item three
|data4   = {{{item_three|}}}
}}

header1 will be shown if any of item_one, item_two, or item_three is defined. If none of the three parameters are defined the header won't be shown.

The trick to this is that the "if" returns false only if there is nothing whatsoever in the conditional section, so only if all three of item_one, item_two and item_three are undefined will the if statement fail.

Examples

Test Infobox
Example alt text
Caption for example.png
Header defined alone
Data defined alone
All three defined (header, label, data, all with same number)
Label and data defined (label) Label and data defined (data)
Below text
{{Infobox
|name         = Infobox/doc
|bodystyle    =
|title        = Test Infobox
|titlestyle   =

|image        = [[File:example.png|200px|alt=Example alt text]]
|imagestyle   =
|caption      = Caption for example.png
|captionstyle =
|headerstyle  = background:#ccf;
|labelstyle   = background:#ddf;
|datastyle    =

|header1 = Header defined alone
|label1  =
|data1   =
|header2 =
|label2  = Label defined alone does not display (needs data, or is suppressed)
|data2   =
|header3 =
|label3  =
|data3   = Data defined alone
|header4 = All three defined (header, label, data, all with same number)
|label4  = does not display (same number as a header)
|data4   = does not display (same number as a header)
|header5 =
|label5  = Label and data defined (label)
|data5   = Label and data defined (data)

|belowstyle = background:#ddf;
|below = Below text
}}

Notice how when a label is defined without an accompanying data cell the row doesn't appear in the displayed infobox, and when a header is defined on the same row as a data cell all of them are displayed.

For this example, bodystyle = width:20em; and labelstyle = width:33%;

Test Infobox
Label 1 Data 1
Label 2 Data 2
Label 3 Data 3
Header 4
Label 5 Data 5: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.
Below text
{{Infobox
|bodystyle   = width:20em;
|name        = Infobox/doc
|title       = Test Infobox
|titlestyle  =
|headerstyle =
|labelstyle  = width:33%
|datastyle   =

|header1 =
|label1  = Label 1
|data1   = Data 1
|header2 =
|label2  = Label 2
|data2   = Data 2
|header3 =
|label3  = Label 3
|data3   = Data 3
|header4 = Header 4
|label4  =
|data4   =
|header5 =
|label5  = Label 5
|data5   = Data 5: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.

|belowstyle =
|below = Below text
}}

Embedding

One infobox template can be embedded into another using the |child= parameter. This feature can be used to create a modular infobox, or to create more well defined logical sections. Previously, it was necessary to use embedding in order to create infoboxes with more than 99 rows, but there is now no limit to the number of rows that can be defined in a single instance of {{infobox}}.

Top level title
First subsection
Label 1.1 Data 1.1
Second subsection
Label 2.1 Data 2.1
Below text
{{Infobox
| title = Top level title
| data1 = {{Infobox
  | child = yes
  | title = First subsection
  | label1= Label 1.1
  | data1 = Data 1.1
}}
| data2 = {{Infobox
  | child = yes
  | title = Second subsection
  | label1= Label 2.1
  | data1 = Data 2.1
}}
|belowstyle =
|below = Below text
}}

Note, in the examples above, the child infobox is placed in a data field, not a header field. Notice that the section subheadings are not in bold font if bolding is not explicitly specified. To obtain bold section headings, place the child infobox in a header field, either using

Top level title
First subsection
Label 1.1 Data 1.1
Second subsection
Label 2.1 Data 2.1
Below text
{{Infobox
| title = Top level title
| header1 = {{Infobox
  | child = yes
  | title = First subsection
  | label1= Label 1.1
  | data1 = Data 1.1
}}
| header2 = {{Infobox
  | child = yes
  | title = Second subsection
  | label1= Label 2.1
  | data1 = Data 2.1
}}
|belowstyle =
|below = Below text
}}

or,

Top level title
First subsection
Label 1.1 Data 1.1
Second subsection
Label 2.1 Data 2.1
Below text
{{Infobox
| title = Top level title
| header1 = First subsection
  {{Infobox
  | child = yes
  | label1= Label 1.1
  | data1 = Data 1.1
}}
| header2 = Second subsection
  {{Infobox
  | child = yes
  | label1= Label 2.1
  | data1 = Data 2.1
}}
|belowstyle =
|below = Below text
}}

Note that omitting the |title= parameter, and not including any text preceding the embedded infobox, may result in spurious blank table rows, creating gaps in the visual presentation.

Subboxes

An alternative method for embedding is to use |subbox=yes, which removes the outer border from the infobox, but preserves the interior structure. One feature of this approach is that the parent and child boxes need not have the same structure, and the label and data fields are not aligned between the parent and child boxes.

Main 1
Main 2
Sub 3-1
Sub 3-2
Label 3-3 Data 3-3
Label 4-1 Data 4-1
Label 5 Data 5
Main 6
{{Infobox
| headerstyle = background-color:#eee;
| labelstyle  = background-color:#eee;
| header1     = Main 1
| header2     = Main 2
| data3       = {{Infobox|subbox=yes
  | headerstyle = background-color:#ccc;
  | labelstyle  = background-color:#ddd;
  | header1     = Sub 3-1
  | header2     = Sub 3-2
  | label3      = Label 3-3
  | data3       = Data 3-3
}}
| data4         = {{Infobox|subbox=yes
  | labelstyle  = background-color:#ccc;
  | label1      = Label 4-1
  | data1       = Data 4-1
}}
| label5      = Label 5
| data5       = Data 5
| header6     = Main 6
}}
{{sidebar
| navbar = off
| headingstyle = background-color:#eee;
| heading1    = Heading 1
| heading2    = Heading 2
| content3    = {{Infobox|subbox=yes
  | headerstyle = background-color:#ccc;
  | labelstyle  = background-color:#ddd;
  | header1     = Sub 3-1
  | header2     = Sub 3-2
  | label3      = Label 3-3
  | data3       = Data 3-3
}}
| content4      = {{Infobox|subbox=yes
  | labelstyle  = background-color:#ccc;
  | label1      = Label 4-1
  | data1       = Data 4-1
}}
| heading5      = Heading 5
}}

Full blank syntax

(Note: there is no limit to the number of possible rows; only 20 are given below since infoboxes larger than that will be relatively rare. Just extend the numbering as needed. The microformat "class" parameters are also omitted as they are not commonly used.)

{{Infobox
|name         = {{subst:PAGENAME}}
|bodystyle    =
|title        =
|titlestyle   =
|above        =
|abovestyle   =

|imagestyle   =
|captionstyle =

|image        =
|caption      =
|image2       =
|caption2     =

|headerstyle  =
|labelstyle   =
|datastyle    =

|header1  =
|label1   =
|data1    =
|header2  =
|label2   =
|data2    =
|header3  =
|label3   =
|data3    =
|header4  =
|label4   =
|data4    =
|header5  =
|label5   =
|data5    =
|header6  =
|label6   =
|data6    =
|header7  =
|label7   =
|data7    =
|header8  =
|label8   =
|data8    =
|header9  =
|label9   =
|data9    =
|header10 =
|label10  =
|data10   =
|header11 =
|label11  =
|data11   =
|header12 =
|label12  =
|data12   =
|header13 =
|label13  =
|data13   =
|header14 =
|label14  =
|data14   =
|header15 =
|label15  =
|data15   =
|header16 =
|label16  =
|data16   =
|header17 =
|label17  =
|data17   =
|header18 =
|label18  =
|data18   =
|header19 =
|label19  =
|data19   =
|header20 =
|label20  =
|data20   =

|belowstyle =
|below =
}}

Limitations

Previously, the number of rows available to this template was limited to 99. This restriction has been lifted now that the template has been ported to a Lua module, but to maintain backwards compatibility there is now a limit on the number of rows apart by which parameters will be detected. If parameters are numbered more than 50 apart, the later parameters may be ignored (depending on the exact numbers involved), and if parameters are numbered more than 100 apart, the later parameters will definitely be ignored.

For example, this code will display properly:

|header3   = Section 1
|label48   = Label A
|data48    = Data A
|data92    = Data B
|label136  = Label C
|data136   = Data C
|header177 = Section 2
|label215  = Label D
|data215   = Data D

But in this code, only Section 1, Label A and Data A will be displayed:

|header3   = Section 1
|label48   = Label A
|data48    = Data A
|data102   = Data B
|label103  = Label C
|data103   = Data C
|header115 = Section 2
|label120  = Label D
|data120   = Data D

Note that parameter values may be blank - parameters are counted unless they are completely absent from the template invocation. There are also similar limitations for image parameters and subheader parameters. In those cases parameters should not be numbered more than 10 apart.

Porting to other MediaWikis

The infobox template requires the Scribunto extension and HTMLTidy to be installed. It may not work with other MediaWikis. WikiProject Transwiki has a version of this template that has been modified to work on other MediaWikis.

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