টেমপ্লেট:Cite book

উইকিপিডিয়া, মুক্ত বিশ্বকোষ থেকে
নথি আইকন টেমপ্লেট নথি[দেখুন] [সম্পাদনা] [ইতিহাস] [শোধন]
উদ্ধৃতি শৈলী ১ templates
{{Cite album-notes}} album liner notes
{{Cite AV media}} audio and visual sources
{{Cite conference}} conference papers
{{Cite book}} books
{{Cite encyclopedia}} edited collections
{{Cite episode}} television or radio programs and episodes
{{Cite interview}} interviews
{{Cite journal}} magazines, journals, academic papers
{{Cite mailing list}} archived public mailing lists
{{Cite map}} maps
{{Cite news}} news articles in print, video, audio or web
{{Cite newsgroup}} online newsgroups
{{Cite podcast}} audio or video podcast
{{Cite press release}} press releases
{{Cite serial}} audio or video serials
{{Cite sign}} signs, plaques and other visual sources
{{Cite speech}} speeches
{{Cite techreport}} technical reports
{{Cite thesis}} theses
{{Cite web}} web sources not characterized by another template

This উদ্ধৃতি শৈলী ১ template is used to create citations for books. When citing an article in a periodical, use {{cite journal}}. For edited collections, use {{cite encyclopedia}}.

Usage

Copy a blank version to use. All parameter names must be in lowercase. Use the "|" (pipe) character between each parameter. Delete unused parameters to avoid clutter in the edit window. Some samples may include the current date. If the date is not current, then purge the page.


অনুভূমিক বিন্যাসে সম্পূর্ণ পরামিতি সেট
{{cite book |last1= |first1= |authorlink1= |last2= |first2= |authorlink2= |editor1-first= |editor1-last= |editor1-link= |others= |title= |trans_title= |url= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |format= |accessdate= |type= |edition= |series= |volume= |date= |year= |month= |origyear= |publisher= |location= |language= |isbn= |oclc= |doi= |id= |page= |pages= |at= |trans_chapter= |chapter= |chapterurl= |quote= |ref= |bibcode= |layurl= |laysource= |laydate= |author-mask= |author-name-separator= |author-separator= |display-authors= |separator= |postscript= |lastauthoramp=}}
অনুভূমিক বিন্যাসে সাধারণভাবে ব্যবহৃত পরামিতিসমূহ
{{cite book |last= |first= |authorlink= |title= |url= |accessdate= |year= |publisher= |location= |isbn= |page=}}
সম্পূর্ণ পরামিতি ভার্টিকাল বিন্যাসে সেট
ভার্টিকাল তালিকা পূর্বশর্ত সংক্ষিপ্ত নির্দেশনা / নোট
{{cite book
| last                  =
| first                 =
| authorlink            =
| last1                 =
| first1                =
| authorlink1           =
| editor1-last          =
| editor1-first         =
| editor1-link          =
| others                =
| title                 =
| trans_title           =
| url                   =
| archiveurl            =
| archivedate           =
| format                =
| accessdate            =
| type                  =
| edition               =
| series                =
| volume                =
| date                  =
| origyear              =
| year                  =
| month                 =
| publisher             =
| location              =
| language              =
| isbn                  =
| oclc                  =
| lccn                  =
| doi                   =
| bibcode               =
| id                    =
| page                  =
| pages                 =
| nopp                  =
| at                    =
| chapter               =
| trans_chapter         =
| chapterurl            =
| quote                 =
| ref                   =
| layurl                =
| laysource=            =
| laydate               =
| author-mask           =
| author-name-separator =
| author-separator      =
| display-authors       =
| separator             =
| postscript            =
| lastauthoramp         =
}}
 
 
last
last
 
 
 
 
editor1-last
editor1-last
 
 
 
 
archivedate
archiveurl
url
url
 
 
 
 
 
year or date
 
year
 
publisher
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
page or pages
 
 
 
chapter
 
 
 
layurl
layurl
 
 
 
 
 
 
lastn for n>1
 
 
 
 
 
increment as needed
increment as needed
increment as needed
increment as needed
increment as needed
increment as needed
 
 
 
insert URL of online version of the book or an extract, if available
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
†preferred (do not wikilink)
 
alternative to date
 
 
 
 
always include ISBN if one has been assigned
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
hides automatic 'p' or 'pp'.
alternative to page/pages when those are used with nopp
 
 
do not wikilink |chapter if |chapterurl provided
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  • If a field name is listed in the Prerequisites column it is a prerequisite for the field to the left.

† This is the preferred parameter with its alternates listed below.

Examples

Title

  • {{cite book |title=Mysterious book}}
Mysterious Book 

Title and year

  • {{cite book |title=Mysterious book |year=1901}}
Mysterious Book। 1901। 

Basic usage (single author)

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |year=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs}}
Bloggs, Joe (1974)। Book of Bloggs 

Basic usage (two authors)

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |authorlink1=Joe Bloggs |last2=Bloggs |first2=Fred |authorlink2=Fred Bloggs |year=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs}}:
Bloggs, Joe; Bloggs, Fred (1974)। Book of Bloggs 

Basic usage with url (and accessdate) and edition

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Joe |authorlink=Joe Bloggs |year=1974 |title=Book of Bloggs |edition=1st |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |accessdate=February 17, 2006}}
Bloggs, Joe (1974)। Book of Bloggs (1st সংস্করণ)। সংগৃহীত February 17, 2006 

Citing a chapter in a book with different authors for different chapters and an editor

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Fred |editor-first=John |editor-last=Doe |title=Big Compilation Book with Many Chapters and Distinct Chapter Authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 2: The History of the Bloggs Family |isbn=978-1-234-56789-7}}
Bloggs, Fred (January 1, 2001)। "Chapter 2: The History of the Bloggs Family"। in Doe, John। Big Compilation Book with Many Chapters and Distinct Chapter Authors। Book Publishers। পৃ: 100–110। আইএসবিএন 978-1-234-56789-7 

Citing a chapter in a book with two joint authors and an editor

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |last2=Egg |first2=Fred |editor-last=Doe |editor-first=John |title=Big Book with Many Chapters and Two Co-authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=January 1, 2001 |origyear=1st. Pub. 1986 |pages=100–110 |chapter=Chapter 6: Getting There |chapterurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |isbn=978-1-234-56789-7 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Bloggs, Joe & Egg, Fred (January 1, 2001) [1st. Pub. 1986]। "Chapter 6: Getting There"। in Doe, John। Big Book with Many Chapters and Two Co-authors। Book Publishers। পৃ: 100–110। আইএসবিএন 978-1-234-56789-7 

Three authors, title with a piped wikilink, edition

  • {{cite book |last1=Bloggs |first1=Joe |authorlink1=Joe Bloggs |first2=John |last2=Smith |first3=Jim |last3=Smythe |title=[[A Thousand Acres|1000 Acres]] |edition=2nd}}
Bloggs, Joe; Smith, John; Smythe, Jim। 1000 Acres (2nd সংস্করণ)। 

Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter (without volume and lastauthoramp)

  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |first2=Commander G.M.S |last2=Stitt |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last3=Molony |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |last4=Toomer |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-last=Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2007 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C.; Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2007) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]। Butler, J.R.M, সম্পাদক। Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941)। History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series। Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press। আইএসবিএন 1-845740-65-3 

Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter (with volume and lastauthoramp)

  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |first2=Commander G.M.S |last2=Stitt |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last3=Molony |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |last4=Toomer |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-last=Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East |volume=Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2007 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2007) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]। Butler, J.R.M, সম্পাদক। Mediterranean and Middle East। History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series। Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941)। Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press। আইএসবিএন 1-845740-65-3 

Date without day, wikilinked title and publisher, pages, edition, location

  • {{cite book |last1=Cordell |first1=Bruce R. |last2=Grubb |first2=Jeff |last3=Noonan |first3=David |year=2001 |month=September |title=[[Manual of the Planes]] |edition=3rd |publisher=[[Wizards of the Coast]] |location=Renton, Wash. |isbn=0-7869-1850-0 |pages=134–137}}
Cordell, Bruce R.; Grubb, Jeff; Noonan, David (September 2001)। Manual of the Planes (3rd সংস্করণ)। Renton, Wash.: Wizards of the Coast। পৃ: 134–137। আইএসবিএন 0-7869-1850-0  |month= প্যারামিটার অজানা, উপেক্ষা করুন (সাহায্য)

Other language

  • {{cite book |last=Bloggs |first=Jean |year=1974 |title=Livre de Bloggs |edition=1st |language=French |trans_title=Book of Bloggs |url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |accessdate=February 17, 2006}}
Bloggs, Jean (1974)। Livre de Bloggs [Book of Bloggs] (French ভাষায়) (1st সংস্করণ)। সংগৃহীত February 17, 2006 

Using a DOI

  • {{cite book |last=Mumford |first=David |authorlink=David Mumford |year=1999 |title=The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians |edition=2nd |publisher=[[Springer-Verlag]] |doi=10.1007/b62130 |isbn=354063293X}}
Mumford, David (1999)। The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians (2nd সংস্করণ)। Springer-Verlagআইএসবিএন 354063293Xডিওআই:10.1007/b62130 

Using author-mask parameter

  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2004 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |lastauthoramp=y}}
  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=Captain F.C. (R.N.) |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans come to the help of their Ally (1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2004 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1956 |isbn=1-845740-66-1 |lastauthoramp=y |author-mask=2}}
  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Flynn |first2=Captain F.C. (R.N.) |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Gleave |first4=Group Captain T.P. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=Sir James |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes reach their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2004 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1960 |isbn=1-845740-67-X |lastauthoramp=y |author-mask=2}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]। Butler, J.R.M, সম্পাদক। Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941)। History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series। Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press। আইএসবিএন 1-845740-65-3 
——; Flynn, Captain F.C. (R.N.); Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshal S.E. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1956]। Butler, J.R.M, সম্পাদক। The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II: The Germans Come to the Help of Their Ally (1941)। History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series। Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press। আইএসবিএন 1-845740-66-1 
——; Flynn, Captain F.C. (R.N.); Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Gleave, Group Captain T.P. (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1960]। Butler, Sir James, সম্পাদক। The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume III: British Fortunes Reach Their Lowest Ebb (September 1941 to September 1942)। History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series। Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press। আইএসবিএন 1-845740-67-X 

Using display-authors parameter

  • {{cite book |first1=Major-General I.S.O. |last1=Playfair |authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair |last2=Stitt |first2=Commander G.M.S |last3=Molony |first3=Brigadier C.J.C. |last4=Toomer |first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E. |editor-last=Butler |editor-first=J.R.M |editor-link=James Ramsay Montagu Butler |series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series |title=Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941) |publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK |year=2004 |origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954 |isbn=1-845740-65-3 |display-authors=1}}
Playfair, Major-General I.S.O. এবং অন্যান্য (2004) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]। Butler, J.R.M, সম্পাদক। Mediterranean and Middle East Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941)। History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series। Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press। আইএসবিএন 1-845740-65-3 

Parameters

Syntax

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if multiple aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata; see Wikipedia:COinS.

  • Be careful using templates within the citation template, as many will add a lot of extraneous HTML or CSS that will be rendered in the meta-data.
    • Known templates that should not be used: {{smallcaps}}.

By default, sets of fields are terminated with a period (।); this can be an issue when the last field in an abbreviation or initial with a period, as two periods then display. The only solution is to not include the last period in the value for the set of fields.

Deprecated

এই প্যারামিটার বাতিল করা হয়েছে এবং এখন আর কাজ করবে না। Use will place the page in Category:Pages containing cite templates with deprecated parameters.

  • access-date · accessed · accessdaymonth · accessday · accessmonthday · accessmonth · accessyear: ব্যবহার করুন accessdate এক্সেসের পুরো তারিখ অন্তর্ভুক্ত করা সহ।
  • day: ব্যবহার করুন date দিন, মাস ও বছর অন্তর্ভুক্ত করার জন্য।
  • dateformat · doilabel: এই প্যারামিটার এখন আর সমর্থন করবে না।

Description

Authors

  • last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: last1, author, authors, author1.
    • first: Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Aliases: first1.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use last1, first1 through lastn, firstn where n is any consecutive number for an unlimited number of authors. By default, if nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and "et al." will show in place of the last author; see the display parameters to change. Aliases: author1 through authorn.
  • authorlink: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: authorlink1, author-link, author1-link.
  • OR: for multiple authors, use authorlink1 through authorlinkn. Aliases: author1-link through authorn-link.
  • coauthors: (deprecated) Names of coauthors. Use the same format as the authors.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, such as Illustrated by John Smith or Translated by John Smith.
When using Shortened footnotes or Parenthetical referencing styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field else the anchor will not match the inline link.

Title

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in italics.
    • trans_title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans_title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space [ ] |


  • type: Provides additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case. Displays in parentheses following the title. Examples: Thesis, Booklet, CD liner, Press release.
  • chapter: The chapter heading of the source. May be wikilinked or may use chapter-url, but not both. Displays in quotes.
    • trans_chapter: English translation of the chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after the chapter field; if chapter-url is defined, then trans_chapter is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
  • language: The language the source is written in, if not English. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name. Use the full language name; do not use icons or templates.

Date

  • date: Full date of source being referenced in the same format as other publication dates in the citations.[১] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.
  • OR: year: Year of source being referenced.
    • month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead; do not wikilink.
    • origyear: Original publication year; displays after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics; example: |origyear=First published 1859 or |origyear=Composed 1904.
  1. Publication dates in references within an article should all have the same format. See MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Publisher

  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. Not normally included for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Displays after title; if work is defined, then publisher is enclosed in parentheses.
  • place: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays after the title; if work is defined, then location is enclosed in parentheses. Alias: location
  • publication-place: If any one of publication-place, place or location are defined, then the location shows after the title; if publication-place and place or location are defined, then place or location are shown before the title prefixed with "written at" and publication-place is shown after the title.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.

Edition, series, volume

  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised" etc. Displays " ed." after this field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.
  • series or version: When the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal where the issue numbering has restarted.
  • volume: For one publication published in several volumes. Displays after the title and series fields; volumes of four characters or less display in bold.

In-source locations

  • page: Page in the source that supports the content. Displays preceded with p. unless |nopp=y.
  • OR: pages: Pages in the source that supports the content; separate page ranges with an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded with pp. unless |nopp=y.
    • nopp: Set to y to suppress the p. or pp. notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover.
  • OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.

URL

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Do not link to any commercial booksellers such as Amazon.com; see WP:PAGELINKS.
    • accessdate: Full date when original URL was accessed; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations;[১] do not wikilink. Not required for web pages or linked documents that do not change; mainly of use for web pages that change frequently or have no publication date. Can be hidden or styled by registered editors.
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite (see Wikipedia:Using WebCite) and the Internet Archive (see Wikipedia:Using the Wayback Machine); requires archivedate.
      • archivedate: Date when the original URL was archived; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations;[১] do not wikilink. Displays preceded by "archived from the original on".
      • deadurl: When the URL is still live, but preemptively archived, then set |deadurl=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end.
    • template doc demo: The archive parameters have error checking to ensure that all the required parameters are included, else {{citation error}} is invoked. On errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; HTML is implied and should not be specified; displayed in parentheses after title. Does not change external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text, thus they do not add format information for the visually impaired.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme: http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; irc://, ircs://, ftp://, news:, mailto: and gopher:// will require a plugin or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters they will display and link incorrectly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace these characters:
sp " ' < > [ ] | }
 %20  %22  %27  %3c  %3e  %5b  %5d  %7c  %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; but unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; but an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.
  1. ১.০ ১.১ Access and archive dates in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. See MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Anchor

Identifiers

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.

Quote

  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source. Displays enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote needs to include terminating punctuation.

Editors

  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor1-last, editor, editors, editorn.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor1-first.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-last, editor1-first through editorn-last, editorn-first.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor1-link.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-link through editorn-link.
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the included work, then "In" and the editors, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; exactly four editors will show three editors followed by "et al., eds."

Laysummary

  • layurl: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary". Aliases: laysummary.
    • laysource: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash.
    • laydate: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses.

Display options

  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed.
  • author-name-separator: Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;.
  • author-separator: Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;.
  • display-authors: By default, all authors are shown unless there are nine, then the author list is truncated to eight authors and followed by "et al." This mimics the older version of the template for compatibility. To change the displayed number of authors, set display-authors to the desired number. Where there are nine authors, set |display-authors=9 to show all authors. Aliases: displayauthors.
  • display-editors: By default, all editors are shown unless there are four, then the editor list is truncated to four editors and followed by "et al." This mimics the older version of the template for compatibility. To change the displayed number of editors, set display-editors to the desired number. Where there are four editors, set |display-editors=4 to show all editors. Aliases: displayeditors.
  • lastauthoramp: When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to space ampersand space ( & ).
  • postscript: The closing punctuation for the citation; defaults to a period(.); for no terminating punctuation, specify |postscript=none – leaving |postscript= empty has the same effect but is ambiguous. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • separator: The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;.

Testing

See Template:cite book/regression tests.

Template data

This template formats a citation to a book using the provided bibliographic information (such as author and title) as well as various formatting options.

টেমপ্লেট প্যারামিটার
প্যারামিটার বিবরণ ধরন ডিফল্ট অবস্থা
URL url The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Source title title The title of the source page on the website; displays in quotes string খালি প্রয়োজনীয়
Last name last The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
First name first Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Source date date Full date of the source; do not wikilink string খালি প্রয়োজনীয়
Work work Name of the work in which the cited book text is found string খালি প্রয়োজনীয়
Publisher publisher Name of the publisher; displays after title string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
URL access date accessdate The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Author link authorlink Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors wiki-page-name খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Others others Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith' string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Month of publication month Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Year of publication year Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Original year origyear Original year of publication; provide specifics string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
ISBN isbn International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Editor last name editor-last The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors' string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Editor first name editor-first Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first' string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Editor link editor-link Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-link' wiki-page-name খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Edition edition When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed by ' ed.' string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Series identifier series Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal; alias of 'version' string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Volume volume For one publication published in several volumes string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Location of publication location Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place' string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Place of publication publication-place Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at' string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Publication date publication-date Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Page page Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.' string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Pages pages Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.' string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
No pp nopp Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover') string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
At at May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Language language The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Translated title trans_title An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Chapter chapter The chapter heading of the source; may be wikilinked or with 'chapterurl' but not both string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Translated chapter trans_chapter An English language chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Chapter URL chapterurl The URL of the online location where the text of the chapter can be found; alias of 'chapter-url' string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Type type Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Format format Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
arXiv identifier arxiv An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
ASIN asin Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
ASIN TLD asin-tld ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Bibcode bibcode Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
DOI doi Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.' string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
DOI broken date doi_brokendate The date that the DOI was determined to be broken string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
ISSN issn International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
jfm code jfm Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
JSTOR jstor JSTOR identifier string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
LCCN lccn Library of Congress Control Number string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
MR mr Mathematical Reviews identifier string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
OCLC oclc Online Computer Library Center number string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
OL ol Open Library identifier string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
OSTI osti Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
PMC pmc PubMed Center article number string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
PMID pmid PubMed Unique Identifier string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
RFC rfc Request for Comments number string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
SSRN ssrn Social Science Research Network string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Zbl zbl Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
id id A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Archive URL archiveurl The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate' string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Archive date archivedate Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Dead URL deadurl If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Quote quote Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Ref ref An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Separator separator The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark string . ঐচ্ছিক
Postscript postscript The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined string . ঐচ্ছিক
Lay URL layurl URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary' string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Lay source laysource Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Lay date laydate Date of the summary; displays in parentheses string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Author mask author-mask Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead string খালি ঐচ্ছিক
Author name separator author-name-separator Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark string , ঐচ্ছিক
Author separator author-separator Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark string ; ঐচ্ছিক
Display authors display-authors number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed; alias of 'displayauthors' number 8 ঐচ্ছিক
Last author ampersand lastauthoramp When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space' string খালি ঐচ্ছিক

See also

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.