ব্যবহারকারী:NahidSultan/List of ships attacked by Somali pirates in 2008

উইকিপিডিয়া, মুক্ত বিশ্বকোষ থেকে
পরিভ্রমণে ঝাঁপ দিন অনুসন্ধানে ঝাঁপ দিন
সোমালী উপকূলের এলাকা যেখানে সাধারণত জলদস্যুরা বিচরণ করে
সকল স্থানাঙ্কের মানচিত্র: ওপেনস্ট্রীটম্যাপ 
এই হিসেবে স্থানাঙ্ক ডাউনলোড করুন: KML · GPX

সোমালী জলদস্যুরা একবিংশ শতকে সোমালিয়ার গৃহযুদ্ধের দ্বিতীয়ার্ধ থেকে আন্তর্জাতিক নৌ পরিবহন সংস্থাগুলোর জন্য হুমকি হয়ে দাঁড়িয়েছে।[১] এই তালিকায় ২০০৮ সালে সোমালিয়ার জলদস্যুদের দ্বারা আক্রান্ত জাহাজ তালিকাভুক্ত করা হয়েছে:

জানুয়ারি-মার্চ[সম্পাদনা]

চিত্র পতাকা (মালিক) নাম (শ্রেণী) কর্মী (কার্গো) অবস্থা আক্রান্ত হওয়ার তারিখ স্থানাঙ্ক
মুক্তির তারিখ মুক্তিপণ দাবি
 রাশিয়া
( ডেনমার্ক)
এমভি ভিটজের করসাকভ
(টাগবোট)

(নাই)
মক্তিপন পাওয়ার পর
মুক্তি
২০০৮-০২-০১ unknown
২০০৮-০৩-১৮ ইউএস$ ৭০০,০০০
জলদস্যুরা ড্যানিশ-মালিকাধীন রাশিয়ান টাগবোট এমভি ভিটজের কারসাকভ আক্রমন করে। জলদস্যুরা জাহাজটি ছিনতাই করে পান্টল্যান্ডের এল-এ নিয়ে যায়; ১৮ই মার্চ ৭০০,০০০ ডলার মুক্তিপণের বিনিময়ে এর ছয়জন ক্রুসহ জালদস্যুরা জাহাজটি মুক্ত করে দেয়।[২]

এপ্রিল-জুন[সম্পাদনা]

চিত্র পতাকা (মালিক) নাম (শ্রেণী) কর্মী (কার্গো) অবস্থা আক্রান্ত হওয়ার তারিখ স্থানাঙ্ক
মুক্তির তারিখ মুক্তিপণ দাবি
Le Ponant  France MY Le Ponant
(luxury yacht)
30
(none)
Rescued
after ransom
2008-04-04 ১৩°১২′০০″ উত্তর ০৫০°১৪′০০″ পূর্ব / ১৩.২০০০০° উত্তর ৫০.২৩৩৩৩° পূর্ব / 13.20000; 50.23333 (2008-04-04, Yacht: Le Ponant)
2008-04-12 unknown
The MY Le Ponant was seized in the Gulf of Aden. The French-owned luxury yacht had no passengers on board, but there were 30 crew members: one Cameroonian, six Filipinos, 22 French, and one Ukrainian. The FS Commandant Bouan, a French D'Estienne d'Orves-class aviso, and the টেমপ্লেট:HMCS, a Canadian Halifax-শ্রেণীর frigate, were dispatched to the yacht. On April 12 the crew and the ship were released, apparently after the owner, CMA CGM, paid a ransom. After the crew was released, French soldiers tracked the pirates, who were then on land. According to the French military a sniper in a helicopter disabled the engine of a car transporting the pirates, while another helicopter landed and captured six pirates and recovered some ransom money. On April 13 the six appeared in a French court in Paris and were charged with, among other things, hostage-taking, hijacking, and theft.[৩][৪][৫][৬]
 Spain FV Playa de Bakio
(fishing vessel)
26
(none)
Released
after ransom
2008-04-20 ০০°০৬′১৪″ দক্ষিণ ০৪৯°০৮′৩৩″ পূর্ব / ০.১০৩৮৯° দক্ষিণ ৪৯.১৪২৫০° পূর্ব / -0.10389; 49.14250 (2008-04-20, Ship: FV Playa de Bakio)
2008-04-26 Euro770,000
The FV Playa de Bakio was hijacked about ২১৭ নটিক্যাল মাইল (২৫০ মা; ৪০০ কিমি) off the Somali coast at ০°৬′২৪″ দক্ষিণ ৪৯°৮′৫৬″ পূর্ব / ০.১০৬৬৭° দক্ষিণ ৪৯.১৪৮৮৯° পূর্ব / -0.10667; 49.14889 (Ship: FV Playa de Bakio, 2008-04-20). The vessel is a Basque, Spanish-registered, tuna fishing boat. According to reports, four pirates seized the vessel and its crew of 26, made up of 13 Africans and 13 Spaniards. The boat was slightly damaged in the attack and was anchored off southeast Puntland by the hijackers.[৭] The Spanish government dispatched the Álvaro de Bazán-class frigate the SPS Méndez Núñez to the area, and put a team of combat divers on alert, but claimed to be seeking a diplomatic solution. The vessel moved along the coast as local officials sent security forces to chase away the pirates. On April 26 the ship and its crew were freed and the SPS Méndez Núñez escorted the ship to safety. The Spaniards arrived in Spain on April 30 from the Seychelles, where the African members of the crew remained. It is alleged that a 1.2 million-United States dollar ransom was paid, which the Spanish government denies paying. It is possible that the owner of the ship paid a ransom.[৮][৯][১০][১১]
 United Arab Emirates MV Al-Khaleej
(unknown)
16
(unknown)
Rescued 2008-04-21 unknown
2008-04-22 unknown
The MV Al-Khaleej, a United Arab Emirates-flagged cargo ship was seized, along with its 16-member Pakistani crew, by pirates off the coast of Bosaso. The next day, Puntland security forces stormed the ship, capturing seven of the hijackers, killing one, and freeing the ship and its crew. On April 30, a Puntland court sentenced the seven, as well as four collaborators detained after the raid, to life in prison.[১২][১৩][১৪]
 Jordan
( United Arab Emirates)
এমভি Victoria
(unknown)
12
(unknown)
Released 2008-05-17 ০২°১৩′১১″ উত্তর ০৪৬°৪৯′২২″ পূর্ব / ২.২১৯৭২° উত্তর ৪৬.৮২২৭৮° পূর্ব / 2.21972; 46.82278 (2008-05-17, Ship: MV Victoria)
2008-05-23 unknown
The MV Victoria, a Jordanian-flagged vessel owned by an Emirati company was hijacked ৩০ নটিক্যাল মাইল (৩৫ মা; ৫৬ কিমি) off the Somali coast at ২°১৩′১৯″ উত্তর ৪৬°৪৯′৩৮″ পূর্ব / ২.২২১৯৪° উত্তর ৪৬.৮২৭২২° পূর্ব / 2.22194; 46.82722 (Ship: MV Victoria, 2008-05-17). The ship was travelling to the Somali capital of Mogadishu and had a crew of 12 from Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, and Tanzania.[১৫][১৬] On May 23 the ship was released on unspecified terms and continued on its course to Mogadishu, accompanied by Somali soldiers on board.[১৭] Also on the 23rd, after the release of the ship, Islamic militants attacked pirates in Hobyo, apparently in response for the hijacking. According to an Islamist leader, four pirates and two militants were killed in the attack and six pirates were captured.[১৮][১৯]
 Antigua and Barbuda
( Netherlands)
MV Amiya Scan
(unknown)
9
(damaged oil platform)
Released 2008-05-24 ১৩°১৬′২২″ উত্তর ০৫০°৪৯′৪৭″ পূর্ব / ১৩.২৭২৭৮° উত্তর ৫০.৮২৯৭২° পূর্ব / 13.27278; 50.82972 (2008-05-24, Ship: MV Amiya Scan)
2008-06-24 none
The MV Amiya Scan, a Dutch vessel manned by four Russians and five Filipinos was hijacked in the Gulf of Aden. The ship flies the flag of Antigua and Barbuda and is owned by the Dutch company Reider Shipping.[২০] It left the Kenyan port of Mombasa on May 19 and was headed to the Romanian port of Constanţa.[২১] The ship was transporting a damaged oil platform.[২২][২৩] The vessel was released on June 24 and sailed out of the port of Eyl. Once far enough from the coast, the ship transmitted a mayday signal, as two crew members were ill and the ship had no supplies. The FGS Emden, a German Bremen-শ্রেণীর frigate responded to the mayday call with medical aid and supplies. The ship was further aided by a ship that Reider Shipping had contracted to assist it.[২৪]
MV Lehmann Timber  Germany MV Lehmann Timber
(cargo ship)
15
(unknown)
Released
after ransom
2008-05-28 ১৩°১০′১১″ উত্তর ০৪৮°৫৮′৪৬″ পূর্ব / ১৩.১৬৯৭২° উত্তর ৪৮.৯৭৯৪৪° পূর্ব / 13.16972; 48.97944 (2008-05-28, Ship: MV Lehmann Timber)
2008-07-08 US$750,000
The MV Lehmann Timber, a German dry cargo ship, was captured on its maiden trip in the Gulf of Aden.[২৫] The crew of 9 Burmese, 4 Ukrainians, 1 Russian and 1 Estonian were taken captive. The ship was released 41 days later, on July 8, after a ransom of US$750,000 was delivered to the pirates near the town of Eyl.[২৬] After the release, ইউএসএস Momsen provided supplies and support to the vessel, as an engine failure caused it to drift for 5 days in heavy storm,[২৭] until it was tugged to Salalah in Oman for July 21.[২৮]
unknown unknown unknown
(unknown)
Capture failed 2008-06-03 unknown
Capture failed none
One of Canada's Sea King helicopters, embarked in টেমপ্লেট:HMCS, intervened in an ongoing piracy attack on a commercial vessel transiting the Gulf of Aden, approximately 65 nautical miles off the coast of Somalia. The Halifax শ্রেণীর frigate Calgary, one of three Canadian warships currently assigned to Operation ALTAIR, Canada's maritime contribution to the campaign against terrorism, was operating in the area when a broken call for assistance was heard from a vessel apparently under attack by small arms fire. Calgary immediately altered course and increased speed to close the scene. Her airborne Sea King was promptly redirected towards the area and tasked to gather information on the situation. The helicopter's arrival in the vicinity of the attack did not go unnoticed by the perpetrators. Two small boats, commonly referred to as skiffs, were observed in the area and appeared to be armed. "I am convinced that the presence of our aircraft drove them away from the traffic lanes and prevented any further attack today on merchant shipping in the area," said Commander Kelly Larkin, commanding officer of the multi-purpose frigate. "We continued to monitor those two skiffs and their crew as they were heading back towards Somalia territorial waters." [২৯]

জুলাই-আগস্ট[সম্পাদনা]

চিত্র পতাকা (মালিক) নাম (শ্রেণী) কর্মী (কার্গো) অবস্থা আক্রান্ত হওয়ার তারিখ স্থানাঙ্ক
মুক্তির তারিখ মুক্তিপণ দাবি
 Panama
( Japan)
MV Stella Maris
(bulk carrier)
21
(unknown)
Released
after ransom
2008-07-20 ১৩°১৬′৫৯″ উত্তর ০৫০°০৩′২৮″ পূর্ব / ১৩.২৮৩০৬° উত্তর ৫০.০৫৭৭৮° পূর্ব / 13.28306; 50.05778 (2008-07-20, Ship: MV Stella Maris)
2008-09-26 US$2,000,000
Pirates seized the MV Stella Maris, a Japanese bulk carrier, flying the flag of Panama along with its 21 crew members. The ship was released along with its crew on September 26 after a ransom of US$2 million was paid.[৩০]
 Singapore MV Gem of Kilakarai
(cargo ship)
unknown
(unknown)
Capture failed 2008-08-08 ১৩°১২′০০″ উত্তর ০৪৯°৫৬′০০″ পূর্ব / ১৩.২০০০০° উত্তর ৪৯.৯৩৩৩৩° পূর্ব / 13.20000; 49.93333 (2008-08-08, Ship: MV Gem of Kilakarai)
Capture failed none
The Singaporean cargo ship, the MV Gem of Kilakarai, is attacked by pirates in two vessels who fired grenades at it, but the attack was thwarted by the arrival of helicopters from the ইউএসএস Peleliu.[৩১]
 Thailand MV Thor Star
(cargo ship)
28
(plywood)
Released
after ransom
2008-08-12 ১৩°৩৮′৪৮″ উত্তর ০৪৯°৪৫′৮″ পূর্ব / ১৩.৬৪৬৬৭° উত্তর ৪৯.৭৫২২২° পূর্ব / 13.64667; 49.75222 (2008-08-12, Ship: MV Thor Star)
2008-10-00 unknown
The MV Thor Star, a Thai cargo ship with a 28-member crew was seized when it was delivering plywood to Aden, Yemen.[৩২] It was released in October after a ransom was paid.[৩৩]
 Nigeria MV Yenegoa Ocean
(tug boat)
unknown
(none)
Released 2008-08-12 unknown
2009-06-06 unknown
The Nigerian tug boat the MT Yenegoa Ocean is hijacked.[৩৪]
 Malaysia MV Bunga Melati Dua
(oil tanker)
39
(32,000 tonnes
of crude palm oil)
Released
after ransom
2008-08-19 ১২°৪৬′২৪″ উত্তর ৪৭°৫৫′২৮″ পূর্ব / ১২.৭৭৩৩৩° উত্তর ৪৭.৯২৪৪৪° পূর্ব / 12.77333; 47.92444 (2008-08-19, Ship: MV Bunga Melati Dua)
2008-09-29 US$2,000,000
The MV Bunga Melati Dua, a Malaysian palm oil tanker owned by MISC Berhad, and its crew of 29 Malaysians and ten Filipinos was hijacked by pirates in two speedboats.[৩৫] One Filipino crew member was killed during the boarding.[৩৬]
 Antigua and Barbuda
( Germany)
MV BBC Trinidad
(unknown)
13
(unknown)
Released
after ransom
2008-08-21 ১২°৫৭′৯″ উত্তর ৪৮°৫৬′৭″ পূর্ব / ১২.৯৫২৫০° উত্তর ৪৮.৯৩৫২৮° পূর্ব / 12.95250; 48.93528 (2008-08-21, Ship: MV BBC Trinidad)
2008-09-11 US$1,100,000
The German-owned, Antigua and Barbuda-flagged MV BBC Trinidad was hijacked. It is released on September 11, along with its 13-person crew consisting of a Slovakian captain, ten Filipinos, and two Russians, after a ransom of US$1.1 million is paid.[৩৭] Ship was held near the town of Eyl.[৩৮]
 Japan এমভি Irene
(unknown)
19
(unknown)
Released
after ransom
2008-08-21 ১৪°২৬′৪২″ উত্তর ৪৯°৫৬′৪৬″ পূর্ব / ১৪.৪৪৫০০° উত্তর ৪৯.৯৪৬১১° পূর্ব / 14.44500; 49.94611 (2008-08-21, Ship: MV Irene)
2008-09-00 US$1,500,000
The MV Irene, a Japanese-owned with a crew of one Serb, two Croatians and 16 Filipinos was seized. It was released around the same time as the MV BBC Trinidad, after a ransom of US$1.5 million was paid. The ship was held near the town of Eyl.[৩৮]
 Iran এমভি Iran Deyanat
(unknown)
29
(mined minerals)
Released 2008-08-21 ১৩°৪৯′৩″ উত্তর ৫০°২৩′৯″ পূর্ব / ১৩.৮১৭৫০° উত্তর ৫০.৩৮৫৮৩° পূর্ব / 13.81750; 50.38583 (2008-08-21, Ship: Iran Deyanat)
Released unknown
The MV Iran Deyanat was hijacked and brought to Eyl. The Iranian-owned ship and its crew of 14 Iranians, three Indians, two Filipinos, and 10 Eastern Europeans, possibly Croatian, is being held for ransom. Pirates have suffered health problems including hair loss and even death, suggesting that could be carrying chemical munitions or radioactive materials.[৩৯]
 Malaysia MV Bunga Melati 5
(chemical tanker)
41
(30,000 tonnes of petrochemicals)
Released
after ransom
2008-08-25 ১৩°১২′০০″ উত্তর ৪৬°৩৭′০০″ পূর্ব / ১৩.২০০০০° উত্তর ৪৬.৬১৬৬৭° পূর্ব / 13.20000; 46.61667 (2008-08-25, Ship: Bunga Melati 5)
2008-09-27 US$2,000,000
The MV Bunga Melati 5, a Malaysian tanker owned by MISC Berhad was captured while transporting petrochemicals from Singapore to Saudi Arabia.[৩৫] The vessel and crew of its 36 Malaysians and five Filipinos is released on September 27 after a ransom of US$2 million is paid.[৪০]

সেপ্টেম্বর[সম্পাদনা]

চিত্র পতাকা (মালিক) নাম (শ্রেণী) কর্মী (কার্গো) অবস্থা আক্রান্ত হওয়ার তারিখ স্থানাঙ্ক
মুক্তির তারিখ মুক্তিপণ দাবি
 France Carré d'As IV
(yacht)
2
(none)
Rescued 2008-09-02 ১১°৪৮′৪১″ উত্তর ৫০°৩২′০০″ পূর্ব / ১১.৮১১৩৯° উত্তর ৫০.৫৩৩৩৩° পূর্ব / 11.81139; 50.53333 (2008-09-02, Yacht: Carré d'As IV)
2008-09-16 1,000,000
The Carré d'As IV, a 50-foot yacht, was hijacked and its two occupants, a French couple, were taken captive. The pirates demanded a million euros in ransom, and the liberation of six Somalis captured during the Le Ponant incident. On September 16, French commando frogmen from the Commando Hubert unit, operating from the frigate Courbet, stormed the yacht as it was being taken to Eyl. The two captives were freed, while one pirate was killed and six captured.[৪১]
 Panama
( Egypt)
MV Al Mansourah
(cargo ship)
25
(unknown)
Released 2008-09-03 ১৪°২৭′০০″ উত্তর ০৪৯°৪০′০০″ পূর্ব / ১৪.৪৫০০০° উত্তর ৪৯.৬৬৬৬৭° পূর্ব / 14.45000; 49.66667 (2008-09-03, Ship: MV Al Mansourah)
2008-09-26 unknown
Twelve pirates armed with automatic rifles and RPGs in a small high speed craft attacked, boarded and hijacked the ship along with 25 crewmembers. They stole crew's personal belongings and cash.[৪২] The ship was ultimately released on 26 September 2009, and it was last reported that the ship was back in international waters en route to Egypt. It is not clear if a ransom was paid, but it appears that the pirates had requested a ransom in the negotiations with the Egyptian intelligence officials.[৪৩]
 South Korea MV Bright Ruby
(bulk carrier)
21
(unknown)
Released
after ransom
2008-09-10 ১৩°০৯′০৩″ উত্তর ০৪৭°৫৭′০০″ পূর্ব / ১৩.১৫০৮৩° উত্তর ৪৭.৯৫০০০° পূর্ব / 13.15083; 47.95000 (2008-09-10, Ship: MV Bright Ruby)
2008-10-16 unknown
Pirates boarded and hijacked the 26,589 dwt ship underway and 21 crewmembers, 14 Burmese and 8 Koreans, were held hostage. The ship was released on 16 October 2008 after a ransom was paid by the owner, J&J Trust.[৪২]
 Hong Kong
( Japan)
MT Stolt Valor
(chemical tanker)
22
(23,818 tonnes of base
oils and chemicals)
Released
after ransom
2008-09-15 ১৩°৩৪′৫৪″ উত্তর ০৪৯°০৯′৪৫″ পূর্ব / ১৩.৫৮১৬৭° উত্তর ৪৯.১৬২৫০° পূর্ব / 13.58167; 49.16250 (2008-09-15, Ship: MT Stolt Valor)
2008-11-16 Between US$1-2.5 million
The MT Stolt Valor, a Japanese-owned, Hong Kong-flagged ship carrying 23,818 tonnes of oil products on delivery to Asia was seized by pirates.[৪২] The captain and his men were unharmed. After two months of ransom negotiations in Hong Kong, the ship and 22 crew members from India, the Philippines, Bangladesh, and Russia were released.[৪৪]
 Denmark
( [[|]])
MV Torm Freya
(tanker)
unknown
(unknown)
Capture failed 2008-09-18 ০৬°৪০′০০″ দক্ষিণ ০৩৯°৩৫′০০″ পূর্ব / ৬.৬৬৬৬৭° দক্ষিণ ৩৯.৫৮৩৩৩° পূর্ব / -6.66667; 39.58333 (2008-09-18, Ship: MV Torm Freya)
Capture failed none
Six pirates boarded the tanker drifting. They broke forward store and stole ship's stores. Alarm raised and crew mustered. Pirates jumped overboard and escaped in a waiting small craft.[৪২]
MV Centauri  Malta
( Greece)
MV Centauri
(bulk carrier)
25
(17,000 tons of salt)
Released[৪৫] 2008-09-18 ০২°২২′২২″ উত্তর ০৫০°৫৫′১৫″ পূর্ব / ২.৩৭২৭৮° উত্তর ৫০.৯২০৮৩° পূর্ব / 2.37278; 50.92083 (2008-09-18, Ship: MV Centauri)
2008-11-27 unknown
Armed with rocket launchers, 5 pirates in 3 speedboats boarded and hijacked the MV Centauri on September 18.[৪৬][৪৭] All 25 crew members are Filipino.[৪৮]
 Bahamas
( Greece)
MV Captain Stephanos
(freighter)
19
(coal)
Released 2008-09-21 ০২°৩০′০০″ উত্তর ০৫১°৫৯′৩০″ পূর্ব / ২.৫০০০০° উত্তর ৫১.৯৯১৬৭° পূর্ব / 2.50000; 51.99167 (2008-09-21, Ship: MV Captain Stephanos)
2008-12-08 unknown
The MV Captain Stephanos, owned by Chart World Shipping Corporation, has a crew of 17 Filipinos, 1 Chinese, and 1 Ukrainian.[৪৭] 4 machine-gun wielding pirates captured the ship on September 21, 2008 while it was transporting coal.[৪৬]
MV Faina  Belize
( Ukraine)
এমভি Faina
(cargo ship)
21
(33 Soviet-made T-72
tanks, weapons, ammunition)
Released
after ransom
2008-09-25 ০২°১০′০০″ উত্তর ০৫০°৪০′০০″ পূর্ব / ২.১৬৬৬৭° উত্তর ৫০.৬৬৬৬৭° পূর্ব / 2.16667; 50.66667 (2008-09-25, Ship: MV Faina)
2009-02-05 US$3,200,000
The MV Faina, a Ukrainian-owned, Belize-flagged ship carrying 33 T-72 tanks on delivery to Kenya was seized by pirates.[৪৯] The captain had reported that he had been surrounded by three boats.[৫০] The frigate Neustrashimy of Russia's Baltic Fleet and the ইউএসএস Howard have been dispatched to Somalia's coast.[৫১] The pirates had initially demanded US$35,000,000 for Faina's release, but they have lowered their demand to US$20,000,000, US$8,000,000, US$5,000,000, and US$3,500,000 in the months that the ship has been held hostage. After 5 months of being held hostage the ship and crew of the এমভি Faina were released after a ransom of US$3,200,000 was paid. The ship was released on 5 February 2009 and her remaining crew of 20 were reported by the Ukrainian presidency as being healthy and safe.[৫২]
 Liberia
( Greece)
MV Genius
(chemical tanker)
19
(unknown)
Released 2008-09-27 ১৩°৩২′১৩″ উত্তর ০৪৮°৩৬′২১″ পূর্ব / ১৩.৫৩৬৯৪° উত্তর ৪৮.৬০৫৮৩° পূর্ব / 13.53694; 48.60583 (2008-09-27, Ship: MV Genius)
2008-11-22 unknown
The 6,765 dwt MV Genius was headed to the United Arab Emirates from Romania when it was captured with 19 crewmembers aboard.[৫৩] The ship is owned by Mare Maritime Co. SA., and was released on November 22.[৫৪][৫৫] Despite reports that the board was released after a ransom payment a Greek Ministry of Merchant Marine and Island Policy spokesman failed to confirm or deny the news saying that "We know nothing about it."[৫৬]

অক্টোবর-ডিসেম্বর[সম্পাদনা]

চিত্র পতাকা (মালিক) নাম (শ্রেণী) কর্মী (কার্গো) অবস্থা আক্রান্ত হওয়ার তারিখ স্থানাঙ্ক
মুক্তির তারিখ মুক্তিপণ দাবি
 Panama
(unknown)
MV Wail
(freighter)
11
(cement)
Rescued 2008-10-09 unknown
2008-10-14 none
The MV Wail had a crew of 9 Syrians and 2 Somalis when it was captured transporting cement from Oman to Bosaso, Somalia.[৫৭] On October 12, 2008, Somali security forces engaged in a shoot-out with the pirates, resulting in a death of a pirate and of a Somali soldier.[৫৭] The security forces also captured two pirate speedboats. Two days later, Somali forces liberated the ship, and 10 hijackers were arrested.[৫৮]
 Panama
( Greece)
MV Action
(chemical tanker)
20
(unknown)
Released[৫৯] 2008-10-10 unknown
2008-12-12 unknown
A chemical tanker with a crew of 20, initially reported to be a Greek ship flying under a Panamanian flag, was hijacked in the Gulf of Aden.[৬০] Greek authorities did not confirm affiliation with the ship.[৬১] Three crew members died due to unknown circumstances while the ship was in the hands of the pirates.[৬২]
 Panama
( South Korea)
MT African Sanderling
(bulk carrier)
21
(unknown)
Released 2008-10-15 unknown
2009-01-13 US$2,000,000
The 58,980 dwt MT African Sanderling carrying a crew of 21 Filipinos and unknown cargo was hijacked.[৬৩][৬৪] This ship was released on 13 January 2009.".[৬৫]
 Marshall Islands
( Turkey)
এমভি Yasa Neslihan
(bulk carrier)
20
(iron ore)
Released 2008-10-29 unknown
2009-01-06 unknown
The Turkish ship MV Yasa Neslihan was hijacked. The vessel with a crew of 20 was carrying iron ore from Canada to China. The ship's owning company, Yasa Holding, was alerted by an on-board alarm system. Turkish authorities sought help to rescue the ship, but were unable to make contact with the pirates.[৬৬] On 06 January 2008 the ship was released, Andrew Mwangura, East Africa's Coordinator of Seafarers Assistance Program said "Gunmen have released one of the three Turkish ships. The vessel was released on Tuesday and I'm not sure whether ransom was paid".[৬৭]
 Bahamas
( Denmark)
MV CEC Future
(unknown)
13
(unknown)
Released 2008-11-07 unknown
2009-01-15 US$ 1 - 2,000,000
The Danish-owned, Bahamas-registered ship MV CEC Future carrying unknown cargo was seized with 13 crew members, consisting of 11 Russians, 1 Georgian, and 1 Lithuanian.[৬৮] The ship was released on 15 January 2009 after the owners, Danish shipping company Clipper Group, airdropped a ransom of 1.7 million US dollars.[৬৯]
[৭০] A person has been indicted for negatiating the ransom, and charged with 4 counts of piracy.[৭১]
 Philippines
( Panama)
এমভি Stolt Strength
(chemical tanker)
23
(phosphoric acid)
released 2008-11-10 unknown
released unknown
The Filipino chemical tanker MV Stolt Strength, carrying phosphoric acid, is hijacked with 23 crew members[৬৩][৭২] On April 21, 2009, the ship and crew were released.[৭৩] The Stolt may have been used as a "mothership" in the interim.[৭৪]
 India MV Jag Arnav
(bulk carrier)
unknown
(unknown)
Capture failed 2008-11-11 unknown
Capture failed none
MV Jag Arnav, 38,265-tonne bulk carrier owned by Mumbai-based Great Eastern Shipping Company, raised an alarm when pirates tried to board the ship. Indian Navy's INS Tabar (F44), which about 25 nautical miles away at the time of the distress call, rushed a Chetak helicopter[৭৫] carrying a team of MARCOS to the scene and successfully thwarted the hijack attempt. The incident took place 60 nautical miles from Aden.[৭৬]
 Saudi Arabia MV Timaha
(cargo ship)
unknown
(unknown)
Capture failed 2008-11-11 unknown
Capture failed none
The Indian Navy's INS Tabar (F44) foiled an attempt by pirates to a board MV Timaha, a Saudi Arabia registered cargo ship. This was the second attack the Indian Navy foiled in a single day.[৭৭]
 Denmark এমভি Powerful
(cargo ship)
unknown
(unknown)
Capture failed 2008-11-11 unknown
Capture failed none
The MV Powerful, a Danish-registered cargo ship, was attacked by pirates on board a dhow.[৭৮] Russia has claimed that the pirates tried twice to seize the vessel,[৭৯] but they were rebuffed by Russian and British helicopters,[৭৯] though Russian involvement has been disputed by the Royal Navy.[৭৮] The dhow was later detected by এইচএমএস Cumberland, and its unit of Royal Marines was dispatched in rigid-raider craft to try and stop the dhow.[৭৮] Whilst circling the dhow, the Marines were fired upon by the pirates.[৭৮] The Marines returned fire, killing two pirates, and forcing the remaining crew to surrender.[৭৮] The dhow was then boarded and captured by the Marines.[৭৮] A Yemini male was found on board, and he later died from his injuries; the British Ministry of Defence reported that it was unsure whether the injuries were caused during the gunfight, or beforehand.[৮০]
 Turkey এমভি Karagöl
(oil/chemical tanker)
14
(4,500 tons of
unspecified chemicals)
Released (possibly ransomed), 13 January 2009[৮১] 2008-11-12 unknown
Released (possibly ransomed), 13 January 2009[৮১] unknown
The Turkish ship Karagöl owned by the Istanbul-based Turkish shipping company YDC Denizcilik A.Ş was hijacked off the coast of Yemen with 14 crew members aboard. Notably the second Turkish vessel to be hijacked in a matter of two weeks, the ship is reported to be carrying 4,500 tons of unspecified chemicals, en route to Mumbai.[৮২] Despite no official word on the nationality of the hijackers has been released, the Turkish media response was towards pirates of Somalian identity. The vessel was subsequently released, possibly as a result of a ransom payment, on 13 January 2009.[৮১]
FV Tianyu No. 8  China FV Tianyu No. 8
(fishing vessel)
unknown
(unknown)
Released 2008-11-14 unknown
2009-02-08 unknown
The Chinese fishing vessel Tianyu No. 8 or Tanyo 8 was seized by Somali pirates while fishing off the coast of Kenya.[৮৩][৮৪] The ship was released on 8 February 2009 with 24 crew members safely on board.[৮৫]
unknown unknown
(chemical tanker)
unknown
(unknown)
Capture failed 2008-11-14 unknown
Capture failed none
The British private security service Anti-Piracy Maritime Security Solutions claimed to have repulsed an attack on an unidentified chemical tanker using water hoses and a magneto-acoustic device.[৮৩]
 Panama
( Japan)
MV Chemstar Venus
(oil/chemical tanker)
23
(unknown)
Released after ransom 2008-11-15 unknown
2009-02-12 unknown
The crew of the 19,455 dwt MV Chemstar Venus consists of 18 Filipinos and 5 South Koreans.[৮৬] The ship was travelling from Indonesia to Ukraine when it was hijacked.[৮৭] The ship was released on 12 February 2009 after a ransom was paid via a tug boat.[৮৮]
MV Sirius Star  Liberia
( Saudi Arabia)
এমভি Sirius Star
(oil tanker)
25
(2,000,000 barrels
(320,000 m3) of crude oil)
Released after ransom 2008-11-15 ৪°৪১′০″ দক্ষিণ ৪৮°৪৩′০″ পূর্ব / ৪.৬৮৩৩৩° দক্ষিণ ৪৮.৭১৬৬৭° পূর্ব / -4.68333; 48.71667 (2008-11-15, Ship: MV Sirius Star, 2008-11-15)
Released after ransom US$15,000,000
The Liberian-flagged ship MV Sirius Star owned by the Saudi oil company Aramco, was hijacked 450 nautical miles southeast of Mombasa, Kenya with 25 crew members aboard. The 330-meter (1080 foot) vessel was carrying crude oil valued at US$100 million. At the time this was the farthest Somali pirates have travelled to hijack a ship, and took place far south of the "Maritime Security Patrol Area" patrolled by international warships in the Gulf of Aden.[৮৯] Sirius Star's captors threatened that the ship would face "disastrous" consequences if a US$25,000,000 ransom was not paid, though they have agreed to accept US$15,000,000 to release the ship.[৯০] January 11, 2009. The body of a Somali pirate who drowned just after receiving a huge ransom washed onshore with $153,000 in cash, a resident said Sunday, as the spokesman for another group of pirates promised to soon free a Ukrainian arms ship.

Five pirates drowned Friday when their small boat capsized after they received a reported $3 million ransom for releasing a Saudi oil tanker. Local resident Omar Abdi Hassan said one of the bodies had been found on a beach near the coastal town of Haradhere and relatives were searching for the other four.[৯১]

 Hong Kong
( Iran)
এমভি Delight
(bulk carrier)
25
(36,000 tons of wheat)
Released 2008-11-18 ১৪°২৩′০″ উত্তর ৫১°৫′০″ পূর্ব / ১৪.৩৮৩৩৩° উত্তর ৫১.০৮৩৩৩° পূর্ব / 14.38333; 51.08333 (2008-11-18, Ship: MV Delight, 2008-11-18)
2009-01-10 unknown
The Hong Kong-registered but Iranian run cargo ship MV Delight carrying 36,000 tons of wheat is hijacked near Yemen coast in Gulf of Aden along with 25 crew members.[৯২] The vessel was carrying 7 Indians, and sailors from Iran, the Philippines, Pakistan and Guyana.[৯৩] This ship was released on 10 January 2009.[৯৪]
 Kiribati
( Thailand)
FV Ekawat Nava 5
(fishing vessel)
16
(fishing equipment)
Destroyed 2008-11-18 unknown
Destroyed none
A suspected pirate "mothership" which turned out to be the Kiribati-flagged Thai-owned FV Ekawat Nava 5 with a crew of 15 Thais and 1 Cambodian that was transporting fishing equipment from Oman to Yemen. The ship was apparently in the process of being hijacked when the pirates threatened and then fired upon Indian naval vessel. The INS Tabar (F44) fired back in self-defence, destroying the ship.[৯৫] One sailor was confirmed dead, while another survived; the fate of the 14 others on the ship are not known.[৯৬] The surviving sailor reportedly told the owner of the FV Ekawat Nava 5, Sirichai Fisheries, how the events unfolded.[৯৭]
 Yemen MV Adina/MV Amani
/MV Arena/MV Erina
(cargo ship)
7
(570 tonnes of steel)
Released
without ransom
2008-11-19 unknown
2008-12-03 US$2,000,000
Owned by Abu Talal, the MV Adina, also reported as the MV Amani, MV Arena or MV Erina, had a crew of 3 Somalis, 2 Yemenis and 2 Panamanians when it was captured.[৯৮] The ship was transporting a cargo of steel from Al Mukalla to Socotra.[৯৮] Security forces in Puntland, Somalia said they would storm the ship. Ali Abdi Aware, a minister in Puntland, said, "We will release the hijacked Yemen ship forcibly if they do not release it without a ransom because we have good relations with Yemen...Now we are preparing our troops."[৯৯] Following negotiation with the Somali leaders, the pirates released the ship without receiving payment of the $2 million ransom that they had demanded.[১০০]
 Liberia
( Marshall Islands)
এমভি Biscaglia
(chemical tanker)
27
(Palm oil)
Released 2008-11-28 unknown
2009-01-24 unknown
The ship is managed by Singapore-based Ishima, but is owned by a shipping company based out of the Marshall Islands. The MV Biscaglia came under heavy fire from pirates early on November 28.[১০১] The vessel then called for assistance from nearby NATO forces. There were 3 ex-British service members hired as security on board the vessel, and they fought for sometime using non lethal tactics against the pirates. Despite the resistance put up by the small security force, the pirates overpowered the men, and to escape the pirates they jumped into the water. But even after they jumped off the ship, the pirates kept firing at the men and turned the ship to try and run over the men. The trio were rescued by a French helicopter launched from a frigate that was part of the NATO forces, and then flown to a French vessel.[১০২] The ship was released on January 24, with the remaining crew reported as being in good health.[১০৩]
MS Astor  Bahamas
( Germany)
টেমপ্লেট:MS
(cruise ship)
300
(492 passengers)
Capture failed 2008-11-28 unknown
Capture failed none
Transocean Tours' cruise ship was approached by two pirate speedboats while on the Gulf of Oman, en route from Sharm-al-Sheikh to Dubai, but the pirate boats were chased off by the German frigate Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.[১০৪]
MS Nautica  Marshall Islands
( United States)
টেমপ্লেট:MS
(cruise ship)
386
(684 passengers)
Capture failed 2008-11-30 unknown
Capture failed none
Oceania Cruises' premium cruise ship attacked by two skiffs hiding amongst fishing vessels while traversing the Maritime Safety Protection Area on the Gulf of Aden. The Nautica was able to escape with passengers and crew uninjured, despite eight shots that were fired on the ship by the pirates.[১০৫][১০৬]
 Portugal
( Cyprus)
টেমপ্লেট:MS
(cruise ship)
unknown
(unknown)
Not captured 2008-12-03 ১২°৫৯′২৯″ উত্তর ৪৭°৪১′৩৩″ পূর্ব / ১২.৯৯১৩৯° উত্তর ৪৭.৬৯২৫০° পূর্ব / 12.99139; 47.69250 (2008-12-03, Ship: MS Athena, 2008-12-03)
Not captured unknown
On 3 December 2008, Athena was attacked in the Gulf of Aden by up to 29 pirate boats. Water cannon were used to repel the pirates and the ship was not boarded.[১০৭]
 Ethiopia MV Gibe
(cargo ship)
25
(unknown)
Capture failed 2008-12-13 ১৩°৩২′৩৬″ উত্তর ৪৮°৩৭′৩০″ পূর্ব / ১৩.৫৪৩৩৩° উত্তর ৪৮.৬২৫০০° পূর্ব / 13.54333; 48.62500 (2008-12-13, Ship: MV Gibe, 2008-12-13)
Capture failed none
On December 13, 2008, INS Mysore, (a Delhi-class destroyer of the Indian Navy) captured 23 sea pirates along with arms and ammunition when the pirates were trying to capture MV Gibe, a ship sailing under the Ethiopian flag.[১০৮]
 [[|]]
( Malaysia)
MV Masindra 7
(tugboat)
11[১০৯]
(unknown)
Released after Ransom 2008-12-16 ১৩°৫৪′০″ উত্তর ৪৯°৩৯′০″ পূর্ব / ১৩.৯০০০০° উত্তর ৪৯.৬৫০০০° পূর্ব / 13.90000; 49.65000 (2008-12-16,)
2009-08-01 unknown
Pirates hijacked a Malaysian tugboat used by French oil company Total off Yemen.[১১০] The tugboat also has a submerged barge attached to it known as ADM1, and one of the generators on the tugboat is defective causing a number of issues for the captured crew.[১১১]
MV Bosphorus Prodigy  Antigua and Barbuda
( Turkey)
MV Bosphorus Prodigy
(cargo ship)
11
(unknown)
Released 2008-12-16 ১৩°২০′৪৯″ উত্তর ৪৭°৫৭′৩৮″ পূর্ব / ১৩.৩৪৬৯৪° উত্তর ৪৭.৯৬০৫৬° পূর্ব / 13.34694; 47.96056 (2008-12-16, Ship: MV Bosphorus Prodigy, 2008-12-16)
2009-02-02 unknown
A 100-metre cargo ship belonging to an Istanbul-based shipping company had also been hijacked.[১১০] The ship and crew were released on 2 February 2009 after a seven week captivity.[১১২]
 China এমভি Zhenhua 4
(cargo ship)
30
(unknown)
Capture failed 2008-12-17 ১৪°২৮′০″ উত্তর ৫১°৩৬′০″ পূর্ব / ১৪.৪৬৬৬৭° উত্তর ৫১.৬০০০০° পূর্ব / 14.46667; 51.60000 (2008-12-17, Ship: MV Zhenhua 4, 2008-12-17)
Capture failed none
A Chinese fishing boat owned by China Communications Construction was hijacked on the way back to Shanghai, but deterred as crews radioed for help. The 30 crew members fought for four hours after nine pirates armed with rocket launchers and heavy machine guns boarded the ship. A Malaysian warship, Sri Indera Sakti and Malaysian military helicopter arrived and fired on the pirates, who fled the scene. No crew members were injured.[১১৩][১১৪] The crew used water cannons, molotov cocktails and beer bottles to defend against the pirates, whom were fully armed.[১১৫]

তথ্যসূত্র[সম্পাদনা]

  1. "Piracy in Somali Waters: Rising attacks impede delivery of humanitarian assistance"। UN ChronicleUnited Nations Department of Public Information, Outreach Division  Authors list-এ |প্রথমাংশ1= এর |শেষাংশ1= নেই (সাহায্য)
  2. "Pirates seize Danish-owned tug boat off Somali coast, hold crew of 6 for ransom"News24। ২০০৮-০৩-১৮। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৪-২২ 
  3. "France is tracking hijacked yacht"BBC News। ২০০৮-০৪-০৫। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৪-২০ 
  4. Samuel, Henry (২০০৮-০৪-১৪)। "Somali pirates seized after hostages are freed"। London: The Daily Telegraph। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৪-২০ 
  5. "6 Somali pirates face preliminary charges in France"Associated Press via Google News। ২০০৮-০৪-১৮। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৪-২০ [অকার্যকর সংযোগ]
  6. "Le Ponant - Garaad, Somalie"। Coordination marée noire। ২০০৮-০৪-০৫। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৪-২৯ 
  7. "Somali pirates seize Spanish boat"BBC News। ২০০৮-০৪-২০। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৪-২০ 
  8. "Spanish ambassador arrives in Somalia to seek peaceful solution"Monsters and Critics। ২০০৮-০৪-২৩। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৪-২৫ 
  9. "Somali leaders send militia after pirates"Reuters। ২০০৮-০৪-২৫। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৪-২৫ 
  10. "Pirates free Spanish boat seized off Somalia"Reuters। ২০০৮-০৪-২৬। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৪-২৬ 
  11. "Fishermen arrive in Spain"Independent Online। ২০০৮-০৪-৩০। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৫-০২ 
  12. "Troops rescue hostages, capture pirates"CNN। ২০০৮-০৪-২২। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৪-২২  [অকার্যকর সংযোগ]
  13. Hassan, Abdiqani (২০০৮-০৪-২৩)। "Crew say lucky to be alive after Somali hijack"Reuters Africa। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৪-২৫ 
  14. Apunyu, Bonny (২০০৮-০৪-৩০)। "Somalia: Puntland court sentences 11 people to life imprisonment for piracy"। SomaliNet। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৫-০২ 
  15. "Aid vessel hijacked off Somalia"BBC News। ২০০৮-০৫-১৮। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৫-১৮ 
  16. "Jordan says pirates attack ship off Somalia"Reuters। ২০০৮-০৫-১৭। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৫-১৮ 
  17. Maliti, Tom (২০০৮-০৫-২৩)। "Official: Somali pirates release UAE-owned ship"Associated Press via Google News। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৫-২৬ [অকার্যকর সংযোগ]
  18. "Six killed in clashes between Somali pirates and Islamists"Agence France-Presse via Google News। ২০০৮-০৫-২৪। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৫-২৬ 
  19. "11 killed in Somalia as rebels attack govt troops, pirates"Garowe Online। ২০০৮-০৫-২৪। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৫-২৭ 
  20. "Amiya Scan ex. Reiderland"। Reider Shipping BV। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৫-২৭ 
  21. "Somali pirates hold Dutch firm's crew hostage"। CNN। ২৭ মে ২০০৮। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ১৮ নভেম্বর ২০০৯ 
  22. "Somali pirates seize cargo vessel: owner"Agence France-Presse via Google News। ২০০৮-০৫-২৬। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৫-২৬ 
  23. Max, Arthur (২০০৮-০৫-২৭)। "Pirates seize ship off coast of Somalia"Associated Press via Google News। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৫-২৭ [অকার্যকর সংযোগ]
  24. "Pirates release Amiya Scan"। Xargaga Online। ২০০৮-০৬-২৮। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৯-১৮ 
  25. "Hostages of Pirates at Lehmann Timber Are OK"Kommersant। ২০০৮-০৭-০১। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-১৮ 
  26. "Lehmann Timber 41-day hijacking comes to an end"Lloyd's List। ২০০৮-০৭-০৯। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-১৮ 
  27. "USS Momsen Assists Motor Vessel in Arabian Sea"। US Navy। ২০০৮-০৭-১৪। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-১৮ 
  28. "With pirates, it's Russian roulette at sea"। Chicago Tribune। ২০০৮-০৯-০৭। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-১৮ 
  29. "Sea King scares off pirates"। Canadian Navy। ২০০৬-০৯-২৬। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-৩০ 
  30. "Somali pirates release Japanese ship"Reuters। ২০০৮-০৯-২৬। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৯-২৭ 
  31. Parish, Timothy T. (২০০৮-০৮-০৮)। "Marine, Navy team thwarts pirates"Marine Corps News। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৯-২৭ 
  32. "Somali Pirates Seize Two Ships"। Sky News। ২০০৮-০৮-১৫। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-২২ 
  33. Wallis, Keith (২০০৮-১০-১৬)। "Pirates free Thor Star and crew"Lloyd's Register। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১০-১৯  [অকার্যকর সংযোগ]
  34. "FACTBOX-Piracy increases on the high seas"Reuters। ২০০৮-০৯-০৪। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৯-২৭ 
  35. "Somali pirates demand $8.2 m ransom"। afrol News। ২০০৮-০৯-০২। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-২২ 
  36. "MISC Informed Of Casualty On Bunga Melati Dua"Bernama। ২০০৮-০৮-২২। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৯-২৭ 
  37. "German-owned ship paid 1.1 mln USD ransom to Somali pirates"Xinhua News Agency। ২০০৮-০৯-১২। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৯-২৭ 
  38. "Somali pirates release German, Japanese ships: maritime group"AFP via Google News। ২০০৮-০৯-১১। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৯-২৭ 
  39. Ali, Abdiweli Ph.D; Grace, Nick (২০০৮-০৯-২২)। "Mystery surrounds hijacked Iranian ship"। The Long War Journal। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৯-২৭ 
  40. Omar, Hamsa (২০০৮-০৯-২৭)। "Somali Pirates Free Malaysian Chemical Tanker After Ransom Paid"Bloomberg। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৯-২৭ 
  41. Bremner, Charles (২০০৮-০৯-১৭)। "French commandos storm yacht to free couple held hostage by Somali pirates"। London: The Times। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৯-১৯ 
  42. "REPORTS ON ACTS OF PIRACY AND ARMED ROBBERY AGAINST SHIPS Issued monthly - Acts reported during September 2008" (PDF)International Maritime Organization। ২০০৮-১১-২৪। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১২-০৯ 
  43. "Pirates release Bunga Melati Lima"Asiaone.com। ২০০৮-০৯-২৮। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৯-০৩-২২ 
  44. "Two-month ordeal was nightmare: Stolt Valor captain"। ndtv.com। নভেম্বর ১৮, ২০০৮। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-২০ 
  45. "Three escape pirate-hijacked tanker"CNN। ২০০৮-১১-২৮। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১২-১৩ 
  46. Topas, Achilleas (২০০৮-০৯-২৬)। "Piracy rife in the Gulf of Aden"। Athens News। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-২১ 
  47. "FACTBOX-Ships held by Somali pirates"। Reuters। ২০০৮-১১-১৯। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-২১ 
  48. "Another Greek ship attacked by Somali pirates: IMB"। AFP। ২০০৮-০৯-২৭। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-২১  [অকার্যকর সংযোগ]
  49. "Somali pirates warn off rescuers"BBC News। ২০০৮-০৯-২৭। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৯-২৭ 
  50. "Somali pirates 'seize 30 tanks'"। BBC News। ২০০৮-০৯-২৬। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৯-২৭ 
  51. "Russia warship heads to Africa after pirate attack"Associated Press। ২০০৮-০৯-২৬। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-০৯-২৬ [অকার্যকর সংযোগ]
  52. "Somali pirates 'free arms ship'"BBC News। ২০০৯-০২-০৫। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৯-০২-০৫ 
  53. "Somali pirates free Greek-owned chemical tanker: official"। AFP। ২০০৮-১১-২২। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-২২ 
  54. Seria, Nasreen (২০০৮-১১-২২)। "Somali Pirates Free Greek Chemical Tanker After Ransom Paid"। Bloomberg। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-২২  অজানা প্যারামিটার |coauthors= উপেক্ষা করা হয়েছে (|author= ব্যবহারের পরামর্শ দেয়া হচ্ছে) (সাহায্য)
  55. "Greek ship released by pirates"। BBC। ২০০৮-১১-২২। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-২২ 
  56. "Somali pirates release Greek tanker after ransom is paid"The Economic Times। ২০০৮-১১-২১। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-৩০ 
  57. "Somali forces kill pirate on Panama ship"। Reuters। ২০০৮-১০-১২। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-২৬ 
  58. Hassan, Abdiqani (২০০৮-১০-১৪)। "Somali forces free Panama ship from pirates"। Reuters। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-২৬ 
  59. "Somali pirates free Greek tanker: official"। Google News। AFP। ২০০৮-১২-১৩। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১২-১৩ 
  60. Hinsliff, Gaby (২০০৮-১০-১২)। "UK Navy to Tackle Gulf Pirates"। London: The Guardian। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১০-১২ 
  61. "Ship seized off Somalia not Greek, says Athens"। ABS-CBN News। Agence France-Presse। ২০০৮-১০-১১। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১০-১২ 
  62. "Pirates release tanker, officials fear deaths"। Independent Online (South Africa)। ২০০৮-১২-১৩। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১২-১৪ 
  63. Abrams, Joseph (২০০৮-১১-১৮)। "Somali Pirates Keep Hundreds of Hostages in Pirate City of Eyl"। FOX News। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-১৮ 
  64. "'WE WANT CASH' - SAYS SOMALI PIRATES"। Zim African News। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-২৬ 
  65. "Somali pirates release 21 RP seafarers - DFA exec"। ১৩ জানুয়ারি ২০০৯। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ১৯ নভেম্বর ২০০৯ 
  66. Suzan Fraser (২০০৮-১০-৩০)। "Turkish ship hijacked off Somalia; 6 others escape"। Google News। Associated Press। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১০-৩০ [অকার্যকর সংযোগ]
  67. "Somali pirates release Turkish ship"। Xinhua News Agency। ৮ জানুয়ারি ২০০৯। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ১৮ নভেম্বর ২০০৯ 
  68. Eason, Craig (২০০৮-১১-১০)। "CEC Future hijackers say crew are safe"। Lloyd's List। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-১৮ 
  69. Walker, Rob (২০০৯-০৪-০৬)। "Inside story of Somali pirate attack"। BBC News। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৯-০৫-০৬ 
  70. SOS - fanget af priater, documentary by Danmarks Radio detailing the negotiation process.
  71. "'Pirate negotiator' indicted in US federal court"। BBC। ২১ এপ্রিল ২০১১। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২২ এপ্রিল ২০১১ 
  72. "Chemical tanker hijacked off lawless Somalia"CNN। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ১১ নভেম্বর ২০০৮  [অকার্যকর সংযোগ]
  73. "Pirates free ship and crew held for 5 months"। CNN। ২১ এপ্রিল ২০০৯। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ১৮ নভেম্বর ২০০৯ 
  74. "Ecoterra Somali Marine & Coastal Monitor. Part XX – Waiting for the Monsoons"। American Chronicle। ২২ এপ্রিল ২০০৯। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ১৮ নভেম্বর ২০০৯ 
  75. Pandit, Rajat (২০০৮-১১-১১)। "Commandos answer SOS from Saudi, Indian vessels, scare off pirates"The Times Of India 
  76. Pandit, Rajat (২০০৮-১১-১১)। "Navy foils Indian ship's hijack attempt off Aden"Times of India। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ১১ নভেম্বর ২০০৮ 
  77. "Indian warship fights off pirates in Gulf of Aden"Google NewsAFP। ২০০৮-১১-১১। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-৩০ 
  78. Crilly, Rob (২০০৮-১১-১২)। "Royal Navy in firefight with Somali pirates"। London: The Times। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-১৪  অজানা প্যারামিটার |coauthors= উপেক্ষা করা হয়েছে (|author= ব্যবহারের পরামর্শ দেয়া হচ্ছে) (সাহায্য)
  79. Tkachenko, Maxim (২০০৮-১১-১২)। "British and Russia warships repel pirates"CNN। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-১৪ 
  80. Norton-Taylor, Richard (২০০৮-১১-১৩)। "British commandos kill two pirates in stand-off"। London: The Guardian। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-১৪  অজানা প্যারামিটার |coauthors= উপেক্ষা করা হয়েছে (|author= ব্যবহারের পরামর্শ দেয়া হচ্ছে) (সাহায্য)
  81. "Pirates release Turkish flagged ship "Karagol""। TimeTurk। জানুয়ারি ১৩, ২০০৯। সংগ্রহের তারিখ জানুয়ারি ১৪, ২০০৯ 
  82. "Pirates commandeeres Turkish tanker off Yemeni coast: official"। Turkish Daily News। Anadolu Ajansi। ২০০৮-১১-১২। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-১২ 
  83. David Osler (২০০৮-১১-১৪)। "Private guards ward off Somali pirate attack"Lloyd's List। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-১৭ 
  84. Associated Press (২০০৮-১১-১৪)। "Chinese fishing boat reported hijacked off Kenya"The International Herald Tribune। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-১৭ 
  85. "Somali Pirates Release Chinese Vessel Tianyu No. 8,crew safe"। hk.ibtimes.com। ২০০৯-০২-০৯। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৯-০২-১২  [অকার্যকর সংযোগ]
  86. Torres, Estrella (২০০৮-১১-১৯)। "Pirates' hijacking of oil tanker heightens shipping risks"। BusinessMirror। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-২২ 
  87. Watkins, Eric (২০০৮-১১-১৭)। "Emboldened Somali pirates hijack Aramco tanker"। Oil & Gas Journal। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-২২ 
  88. "Chemstar Venus reportedly free"Fairplay.co.uk। ২০০৯-০২-১৩। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৯-০২-১৫ 
  89. The Associated Press (২০০৮-১১-১৭)। "Somali pirates hijack Saudi oil tanker, U.S. Navy says"International Herald Tribune। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-১৭ 
  90. Lewis, Paul (২০০৮-১১-২৪)। "Somali pirates to reduce ransom for Sirius Star"। London: The Guardian। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১২-১৬ 
  91. Olad Hassan, Mohamed (২০০৯-০১-১১)। "Somali pirate's body washes ashore with $153,000"। The Associated Press। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৯-০১-১১  [অকার্যকর সংযোগ]
  92. "Report: Hong Kong ship hijacked near Yemen"CNN। ২০০৮-১১-২০। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-৩০ 
  93. "Somali pirates capture ship with 7 Indians aboard"। IBN Live। ২০ নভেম্বর ২০০৮। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ১৮ নভেম্বর ২০০৯ 
  94. "Somali pirates free Iranian-chartered ship"। Reuters UK। ২০০৯-০১-১০। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ১৭ এপ্রিল ২০০৯ 
  95. "Indian navy 'sank Thai trawler'"। BBC। ২০০৮-১১-২৫। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-২৬ 
  96. Dolnick, Sam (২০০৮-১১-১৯)। "Somali pirates hijack Thai fishing boat, 16 crew"। AP। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-২০  [অকার্যকর সংযোগ]
  97. Pubby, Manu (২০০৮-১১-২৬)। "Indian Navy sank our vessel, says Thai fishing firm"The Indian Express। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-৩০ 
  98. Wallis, Daniel (২০০৮-১১-২৫)। "Somali pirates hijack Yemeni cargo ship"। Reuters। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-২৫ 
  99. Hassan, Abdiqani (২০০৮-১১-২৬)। "'We are preparing our troops'"। IOL। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-২৬ 
  100. "Somali pirates free hijacked Yemeni ship without ransom"Times of India। ২০০৮-১২-০৩। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১২-০৩ 
  101. Houreld, Katharine (২০০৮-১১-২৮)। "Somali pirates hijack 1 ship, free another"। AP। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-২৮ 
  102. "Three escape pirate hijacked tanker"। CNN.com। ২০০৮-১১-২৮। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১১-২৮ 
  103. "MV Biscaglia released"। earthtimes.org। ২০০৯-০১-২৪। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৯-০২-০৮  [অকার্যকর সংযোগ]
  104. "German Frigate Chases Off Pirates"। Spiegel Online International। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১২-০৬ 
  105. "Oceania Cruises' Nautica on the target of pirates"Cruise Business Review। Cruise Media Oy Ltd। ৩০ নভেম্বর ২০০৮। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ৩০ নভেম্বর ২০০৮ 
  106. Sloan, Gene (৩০ নভেম্বর ২০০৮)। "Shots fired as pirates attack Oceania cruise ship"USA Today Cruise Log। USA Today। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ১ ডিসেম্বর ২০০৮ 
  107. Langmaid, Aaron (২০০৮-১২-০৪)। "Pirates attack luxury cruise ship bound for Australia"। Herald Sun। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১২-১২ 
  108. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/INS_Mysore_(D60)
  109. "Masindra 7- Talks To Free 11 Indonesian Seafarers Still On"Bernama.com। ২০০৮-১২-২২। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৯-০২-১৬ 
  110. "UN approves piracy land pursuit"BBC News। ২০০৮-১২-১৬। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১২-১৭ 
  111. "Clashes between Somali Liberators and Pirates at Hobyo"। Buzzle.com। ২০০৮-১২-২১। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৯-০৩-২৫ 
  112. "Somali pirates free Turkish ship"Newsx.com। ২০০৯-০২-০৩। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৯-০২-১০  [অকার্যকর সংযোগ]
  113. Omar, Hamsa (২০০৮-১২-১৬)। "Somali Pirates Seize Four Ships on Day UN Passes Plan"। Bloomberg। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১২-১৭ 
  114. Anita Chang (২০০৮-১২-২০)। "EU troops to help combat piracy"। Scotsman। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০০৮-১২-২০ 
  115. Chinese crew used beer bottles to fight off pirates - Times Online