ব্যবহারকারী:Lazy-restless/Draft:Muhammad and the Hindu scriptures

উইকিপিডিয়া, মুক্ত বিশ্বকোষ থেকে
পরিভ্রমণে ঝাঁপ দিন অনুসন্ধানে ঝাঁপ দিন

টেমপ্লেট:Draft

মুহাম্মাদ
বিষয়ের ধারাবাহিকের একটি অংশ
মুহাম্মাদ

Arguments that prophecies of Muhammad exists in the Hindu scriptures have formed part of Muslim tradition from the begining of 20th century.[১][২][৩][৪] Muslims like Abdul Haque Vidyarthi and Hindus like Ved Prakash Upaddhaya,[৫][৬] M. A. Srivastav and many others have interpreted Muhammad as being the Kalki Avatar of the Kali Yuga.[৭][৮] The name "Muhammad" does not occur, but nearer words as Mohomod, Mamoho, Ahamiddhi (comparing Ahmad, another name of Muhammad) is found in the Hindu scriptures.[৯]

Both Muslim and Hindu writers have expanded on these viewpoints and have argued that they can specifically identify references to Muhammad in the text of the Hindu scriptures, both in the Vedas, Puanas, Upanishads, Geeta and Mahabharat.[১০] On the other hand, the apocryphal Allopanishad, which explicitly mentions Muhammad, is widely recognized by scholars as a fabrication from the early Modern Age, since it was written by the order of Emperor Akbar, scholars have generally interpreted these verses as referring to the community of Mughal's personal soteriological actions regarding the members of the loyal Brahmin community.[১১] Also the "prophecy"-related third part Pratisargaparvan of Bhavishya Purana, which includes sections on Christianity, Islam, Bhakti movement, Sikhism, British rule, and considered by scholars as a 19th-century creation.[১২][১৩]

Muslim and pro-Islamic Hindu interpretations[সম্পাদনা]

Kalki Avatar[সম্পাদনা]

Abdul Haque Vidyarthi,[১৪][১৫][১৬][১৭] Ved Prakash Upaddhay, M.A Srivastav[১৮][১৯][২০][২১][২২], Ashit Kumar Bandhpaddhay and ISKCON[২৩] claimed deliberately that the prophesised Kalki Avatar is Muhammad, the age of Kali Yuga refers to the Islamic Golden Age and the present time is Anu Yuga or the time of Atomic energy.[২৪][২৫][২৬][২৭][২৮] Some of the claimed similarities between Kalki and Muhammad are[২৯][৩০][৩১][৩২][৩৩][৩৪][৩৫]:

  • The name of the Kalki will be Narashangsha, Ileet, Kiri and Rev, all of them mean "praised human", the meaning of the name Muhammad is also praised man.[২৯][৩৬]
  • Narashangsha will come out from 6 thousand and nine people, Ved Prakash claimed that, during the time of Muhammad, the population of Arab Peninsula was almost 60 thousand according to historical demographies.

Idaṁ janā upa śruta narāśansa staviṣyatē. Ṣaṣṭiṁ sahasrā navatiṁ ca kaurama ā ruśamēṣu dadmahē.1.

Uṣṭrā yasya pravāhaṇō vadhūmantō dvirdaśa. Varṣmā rathasya ni jihīḍatē diva īṣamāṇā upaspr̥śaḥ.2. Ēṣa iṣāya māmahē śataṁ niṣkān daśa srajaḥ. Trīṇi śatān'yarvatāṁ sahasrā daśa gōnām.3. Vacyasva rēbha vacyasva vr̥kṣē na pakvē śakunaḥ. Naṣṭē jihvā carcarīti kṣurō na bhurijōriva.4. Pra rēbhāsō manīṣā vr̥ṣā gāva ivēratē. Amōtaputrakā ēṣāmamōta gā ivāsatē.5. Pra rēbha dhīṁ bharasva gōvidaṁ vasuvidam. Dēvatrēmāṁ vācaṁ srīṇīhīṣurnāvīrastāram.6. Rājñō viśvajanīnasya yō dēvōmartyāmati. Vaiśvānarasya suṣṭutimā sunōtā parikṣitaḥ.7. Parichinnaḥ kṣēmamakarōttama āsanamācaran. Kulāyan kr̥ṇvan kauravyaḥ patirvadati jāyayā.8. Kataratta ā harāṇi dadhi manthāṁ pari śrutam. Jāyāḥ patiṁ vi pr̥cchati rāṣṭrē rājñaḥ parikṣitaḥ.9. Abhīvasvaḥ pra jihītē yavaḥ pakvaḥ pathō bilam. Janaḥ sa bhadramēdhati rāṣṭrē rājñaḥ parikṣitaḥ.10. Indraḥ kārumabūbudhaduttiṣṭha vi carā janam. Mamēdugrasya carkr̥dhi sarva ittē pr̥ṇādariḥ.11. Iha gāvaḥ pra jāyadhvamihāśvā iha pūruṣāḥ. Ihō sahasradakṣiṇōpi pūṣā ni ṣīdati.12. Nēmā indra gāvō riṣan mō āsāṁ gōpa rīriṣat. Māsāmamitrayurjana indra mā stēna īśata.13. Upa nō na ramasi sūktēna vacasā vayaṁ bhadrēṇa vacasā vayam. Vanādadhidhvanō girō na riṣyēma kadā cana.14 [Meaning:1Listen to this, ye men, a laud of glorious bounty shall be sung. Thousands sixty, and ninety we, O Kaurama, among the Rusamas have received. 2Camels twice-ten that draw the car, with females by their side, he gave. Fain would the chariot's top bow down escaping from the stroke of heaven. 3A hundred chains of gold, ten wreaths, upon thee Rishi he bestowed, And thrice-a-hundred mettled steeds, ten-times-a-thousand cows he gave. 4Glut thee, O Singer, glut thee like a bird on a ripe-fruited tree. Thy lips and tongue move swiftly like the sharp blades of a pair of shears. 5Quickly and willingly like kine forth come the singers and their hymns: Their little maidens are at home, at home they wait upon the cows. 6O Singer, bring thou forth the hymn that findeth cattle, findeth: wealth. p. 364 Even as an archer aims his shaft address this prayer unto the Gods. 7List to Parikshit's eulogy, the sovran whom all people love, The King who ruleth over all, excelling mortals as a God. 8'Mounting his throne, Parikshit, best of all, hath given us peace and rest,' Saith a Kauravya to his wife as he is ordering his house. 9'Which shall I set before thee, curds, gruel of milk, or barley- brew?' Thus the wife asks her husband in the realm which King Parikshit rules. 10Up as it were to heavenly light springs the ripe corn above the cleft. Happily thrive the people in the land where King Parikshit reigns. 11Indra hath waked the bard and said, Rise, wander singing here and there. Praise me, the strong: each pious man will give thee riches in return, 12Here, cows! increase and multiply, here ye, O horses, here, O men. Here, with a thousand rich rewards, doth Pūshan also seat him- self. 13O Indra, let these cows be safe, their master free from injury. Let not the hostile-hearted or the robber have control of them. 14Oft and again we glorify the hero with our hymn of praise, with prayer, with our auspicious prayer.

Take pleasure in the songs we sing: let evil never fall on us.]

— Atharvaved, Kanda 20, Hymn, 127

Narashhansamih Priyamasminyajyen. Up Huaye Madhujihvam Havishkritam.” [Meaning:- I, here in this Yajyen , praise the dignitary, who is praiseworthy amongst human beings (i.e., who is alive learned acharya) because he is dearest, who turns the matter into offerings which are offered in burning fire of Yajyen and he who speaks sweetly.]

— Samved mantra 1349
  • Kalki will be born on 12th day of Madhav month, the first month of the hindu lunar year and the first month of summer, Muhammad similarly born on the 12th day on Rabiul Awal, the third month of the Arabic lunar year but astrologically the time was summer season according to solar time.
  • Kalki will born on Shambhala village or island ("which is also described as the birthplace of Maitreya, the last buddha prophcised by Gautama Buddha, whom the writer also claimed to be Muhammad in his 2nd book "Narashangsha and Antim Rishi"), which means place/house of peace and a land beside water or sea, it also means Arab and Asia minor according to the world map division of Hindu religion, Makkah is Muhammad's birth place which is also beside sea and it is in Arab and Asia minor and its another name is Darul Aman, which means the place/house of peace.
  • Kalki's father's and Mother's name will be Vishnu-yash/Vishnu-bhagawat and Sumati/Soumyavati, which means slave of God and peaceful lady. Muhammad's father's and mother's name are Abdullah and Amina, which also mean slave of God and peaceful lady.
  • Kalki will be born of the family of the main priest of Shambhala, Muhammad was also born of the family of Abdul Muttalib, the main priest of then the Makkah.
  • Kalki will not suckle his mother's milk, Muhammad also deprived of his mother's milk, instead of that, he drank his foster-mother Halima's breast milk.
  • Kalki will be impressively handsome (Anupama Kanti) and incomparably beautiful (Apratim Dyuti), Muhammad was also known to be handsome and impressive and had been described as the most beautiful man of contemporary Arabia.
  • Kalki will go to hillside after birth and receive messages from a mount from Parshurama (spirit of Raam or God, verbally Raam means God of the World) and then he will be Kaurava (migrator from homeland) and will go to north and after that he will return, Muhammad also received messages from God through Jibrail in mount Jabal al-Nour, and another name of Jibrail is Ruhul-Amin and Ruhul-Quddus which means spirit of God, and he also migrated to Madina situated in north of the Makkah and after that returned to Makkah again with victory.
  • Kalki will have eight divine virtues (Ashtaishwaryaguna): Wisedom, born of noble family, self-control, remembrance (heard from God), physically powerful, less speechful, charitable, advisor of Gods verses and gratefulness. Muhammad also had these eight virtues.
  • Kalki will ride on camel, Muhammad also rode on camel.
  • Kalki will travel heaven by devine chariot Ratha, Muhammad also travelled heaven by Buraq in Miraj.
  • Kalki will ride on miraculous flying white horse named Devadatta Shetashwa (meaning: white horse given by God) given by Shiva to destroy the evil, Muhammad also rode a miraculous flying white horse named Buraq given by Allah and destroyed evil.
  • Kalki will fight with Khaksha means sword, Muhammad also used to fight with sword.
  • Kalki will engage in war, Muhammad was also engaged in war.
  • Gods will directly help Kalki in war, Muhammad was also helped by the angels in the battle of Badr.
  • Kalki will defeat demon kali with the help of his four brothers, Muhammad also defeated Satan by the help of his major four closest companions, later known as Rashidun Caliph.
  • Kalki will destroy the robbers as hidden as Kings, Muhammad also destroyed the oppressors who were kings and leaders at that time.
  • Kalki will be colloequally a Rudra of long hair and shaven head, an earcher and a mount-climber and mount-meditator, Muhammad also had long hair in common and shaven head during Hajj and Umrah, he also used bow and arrow, he was a mount climber and a mount-meditator.
  • Fregrance will come out from Kalki's body, Muhammad's body odour was also renowned for charming fragrance.
  • Kalki will be meat-eater and omnivorous, Muhammad was also meat eater and omnivorous.
  • Kalki will be adviser of a very big society, Muhammad was also an adviser of a big society.
  • Narashangsha will have 12 wives and will ride camel, Muhammad also had several wives and rode camels.[১৮]

Ushtra yashwa pravahina badhumanta dirdwash, barshma rathashwa ni jaheedate diba ishman upasprisha.[Meaning: Who will ride camlin with 12 wives and whose chariot will be fast moving and it will touch sky/Gods abode(Ish) and then will come down.]

— Atharvaved, Kuntap Shukta, 20/127/2
  • Kalki's followers will be known as Musalays (Muslims)
  • Kalki's followers will be omnivorous
  • Kalki's followers will be circumcised
  • Kalki's followers will have beards and call people for the prayer (Adhan)
  • Kalki will banish idolatry, Muhammad also banished idolatry.

Ved Prakash Upaddhay claimed, in dashavatar, the scripturally mentioned Buddha Avatar was finally found as Gautama Buddha from Buddhism and later included in Hinduism, similarly Hindu followers should include Muhammad as Kalki Avatar after reading this book, and should follow him instead of waiting for him to come.

Mamaha[সম্পাদনা]

There is a sage mentioned frequent times in Rigved and Atharvved (19 times) named Mamoho/Mamaha[৩৭][৩৮] and he will be given 100 gold coins, 10 necklace, 300 fighter horse and 10,000 peaceful cow,

Esh ishaye mamahe shatang nishkan dash straja trini shatanysrbatang shasrashwa dash ganam.

— Atharvaved, 20/127/3

Muhammad's 100 follower was devoted self-purifier, known as Ashab-i Suffa, 10 was given good news of heaven, known as Ashara-i Mubashsharah, 300 follower was Badr fighter, who fought victoriously against 1000 enemies, and 10,000 was the number of his muslim companian in the time of victory of Makkah.[১৮]

Mamaha Rishi will have 10,000 followers, Muhammad also had 10,000 followers during conquer of Makkah.[১৮]

Anaswata satapatirmamahe me gaba chtishtha asura maghan traybrisha agne dashavih shahasraishwanarh tryarunashchiketa.

— Rigveda, 5/27/1

Ahamiddhi[সম্পাদনা]

Muslim and non-Muslim scholars have claimed the mention of Muhammad in Rigved and Samved as Ahamiddhi, comparing to Muhammad's another name Ahmad.[৯]

“Ahamiddhi pitushpari medhamritusya jagrah, Aham surya ivajani.” [Meaning: (Aham) I (Pari jagrah)/Ahamiddhi(Ahmad, Ved Prakash's claim) have attained (It hee Ritasya medham) the supreme intellect which has taken the true knowledge of Vedas from (Pituhu) God who nurses us. Therefore, (Aham) I (Ajani) have become famous (Surya Iv) like sunrays.]

— Rigved 8/6/10, Samved, mantra 152

Savitridev[সম্পাদনা]

Ved Prakash Upaddhay and Ashit Kumar Mukhapaddhay claimed that, a sage named Savitridev', his all characteristics mentioned are matched with Muhammad.[৩৯]

Tat savitur varēṇyaṁ bhargō dēvasya dhīmahi. Dhiyō yō naḥ pracōdayat. [Meaning: May we attain that excellent glory of Savitar the God: So may he stimulate our prayers.]

— Shukla Yajurveda, Chapter 3, Hymn 35

Prashangsisha deva[সম্পাদনা]

Ved Prakash claimed that, in Samveda there is a person/deva/sage mentioned as praiser and praised, Muhammad had two names, Muhammad (praised) and Ahmad (praiser).[৪০]

Tbamaṅga pra śansiṣō dēbaḥ śabiṣṭha martyam‌. Na tbadan'yō maghabannasti marḍitēndra brabīmi tē bacaḥ.[Meaning: (O mighty Indra), you are radiant, (so) immediately make the praiser man as praised; O Maghavan, there is no other comforter than you ; I praise only you.

— Samveda, Hymn 247

See also[সম্পাদনা]

References[সম্পাদনা]

  1. Kalby, Kais @Al; Bandolin, Thomas H.; Wheeler, Rebecca S. (১৯৯২)। Prophet Muhammad the Last Messenger in the Bible (ইংরেজি ভাষায়)। American Muslim Cultural Association। পৃষ্ঠা 9। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ১ নভেম্বর ২০১৯ 
  2. Chaudhry, Muhammad Sharif (২০০৭)। Prophet Muhammad: As Described in the Holy Scriptures (ইংরেজি ভাষায়)। S.N. Foundation। পৃষ্ঠা 47। আইএসবিএন 9789698773502। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ১ নভেম্বর ২০১৯ 
  3. Muhammad, T. (১৯৮০)। One God, One Creed: A Brief Analysis of the Undercurrents of Indian Thought (ইংরেজি ভাষায়)। Islamic Publishing House। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ১ নভেম্বর ২০১৯ 
  4. Rahamāna, Mohāmmada Matiora (১৯৬৭)। Aitihāsika abhidhāna। Bāṅlā Ekāḍemī। 
  5. Robinson, Rowena (২০০৩)। Religious Conversion in India: Modes, Motivations, and Meanings (ইংরেজি ভাষায়)। Oxford University Press। আইএসবিএন 9780195663297। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ১ নভেম্বর ২০১৯ 
  6. Habibi, Dr S. M. Mohiuddin; Habibi, Syed Ahsan (২০১৬)। Beautiful Names of Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) in the Bible (ইংরেজি ভাষায়)। iExpertini Limited। পৃষ্ঠা 28। আইএসবিএন 9781365310720। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ১ নভেম্বর ২০১৯ 
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  21. Vidyarthi, Abdul Haque (১৯৯৭)। Muhammad in World Scriptures (ইংরেজি ভাষায়)। Dar-ul-Isha'at Kutub-e-Islamia। পৃষ্ঠা 338। আইএসবিএন 9788190053785। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২৬ জুলাই ২০১৯ 
  22. Rizvi, Sayyid Saeed Akhtar (২০০১)। Prophecies about the Holy Prophet of Islam in Hindu, Christian, Jewish & Parsi Scriptures (ইংরেজি ভাষায়)। Bilal Muslim Mission of Tanzania। পৃষ্ঠা 8। আইএসবিএন 9789987620210। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২৬ জুলাই ২০১৯ 
  23. "বৈদিক শাস্ত্র: মনুষ্য রচিত কাল্পনিক সাহিত্য নয়" [Vedic scripture: not a man-made fictional liturature] (Imprint)Amriter Shandhaney (অমৃতের সন্ধানে, In search of Elixire)। 79/1, Shamibag Road, Dhaka-1100: ISKCON, Bangladesh4 (21, October-November-December 2018): 29। ১ অক্টোবর ২০১৮। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ৩ নভেম্বর ২০১৯পৃথিবীতে বিভিন্ন অবতার ও মহাপুরুষের আবির্ভাব সম্বন্ধেও বেদে নির্ভুল ভবিষ্যৎবাণী করা হয়েছে; যেমন: ★ বুদ্ধ (ভাগবত ১.৩.২৪) ★চানক্য (ভাগবত ১২.১.১১) ★ সম্রাট আশোক ও চন্দ্রগুপ্ত (ভাগবত ১২.১.১২) ★ শ্রীচৈতন্য মহাপ্রভু ( মহাভারত ১২৭.৯২.৭৫, বাগবত ১১.৫.৩২), ★ যীশু ও মুহম্মদ (ভবিষ্যপুরাণ, অথর্ববেদ কাণ্ড ২০, সুক্ত ১২৭, ১-৩)[Meaning:The Vedas also hsve accurately predicted about the appearance of various incarnations and great peoples on earth; For example: ★ Buddha (Bhagavat 4.1.22) ★ Chanakya (Bhagavat 12.6.1) ★ Emperors Ashoka and Chandragupta (Bhagavat 12.12.12) ★ Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (Mahabharata 122.12.2, Bhagavat 4.1 .12), ★ Jesus and Muhammad (Prophecy, Atharvaveda, verse 25, open 125, 5-7).] 
  24. Mahdi, Dr Iesa (২০১২)। মহাবিশ্বের সর্বকালের সর্বশ্রেষ্ঠ মহামানব / Mohabissher Sorbokaler Sorboshereshtho Mohamanab (Bengali) (ইংরেজি ভাষায়)। Ahsan Publication। আইএসবিএন 9781311955012। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২১ অক্টোবর ২০১৯ 
  25. Siddiqui, Maulana Kaleem; Naik, Dr Zakir (২০১৯)। Islam For All (ইংরেজি ভাষায়)। Mohamad Idrakisyah। পৃষ্ঠা 30। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২১ অক্টোবর ২০১৯ 
  26. Returning Your Trust: An Introduction To Islam (ইংরেজি ভাষায়)। Muhammad Abdullah। ২০১৪। পৃষ্ঠা 36। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২১ অক্টোবর ২০১৯ 
  27. Bhaṭṭācāryya, Ābula Hosena (১৯৮২)। Mūrtipūjāra goṛāra kathā। Isalāma Pracāra Samiti। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২১ অক্টোবর ২০১৯ 
  28. ""कल्कि अवतार" यानी पूरे ब्रह्मांड के मार्गदर्शक' पैग़म्बर मुहम्मद साहब' हैं-पण्डित वेद प्रकाश - Kohram Hindi News"। Kohraam.com। ২২ অক্টোবর ২০১৫। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২০ অক্টোবর ২০১৯ 
  29. Upādhyāya, Veda Prakāśa (১৯৬৯)। Kalki avatāra aura Muhammada Sāhaba (হিন্দি ভাষায়)। Viśva Ekatā Prakāśana (copyright from Michigan University)। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২৬ জুলাই ২০১৯ 
  30. Sikand, Yoginder (২০০৮)। Pseudo-messianic movements in contemporary Muslim South Asia (ইংরেজি ভাষায়)। Global Media Publications। আইএসবিএন 9788188869282। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ১০ আগস্ট ২০১৯ 
  31. Indian Journal of Secularism: IJS : a Journal of Centre for Study of Society & Secularism (ইংরেজি ভাষায়)। The Centre। ২০০৫। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ১০ আগস্ট ২০১৯ 
  32. Muhammad, Nur (২০০০)। The Deendar Anjuman (ইংরেজি ভাষায়)। Nur Muhammad। পৃষ্ঠা 64। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ১০ আগস্ট ২০১৯ 
  33. Abidin, Danial Zainal (২০০৭)। Islam the Misunderstood Religion (ইংরেজি ভাষায়)। PTS Millennia। পৃষ্ঠা 93। আইএসবিএন 9789833604807। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ১০ আগস্ট ২০১৯ 
  34. Unal, Ali; Gultekin, Harun (২০১৩)। The Prophet Promised in World Scriptures (ইংরেজি ভাষায়)। Tughra Books। আইএসবিএন 9781597848237। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ১০ আগস্ট ২০১৯ 
  35. Sikand, Yoginder (২০০৪)। Muslims in India Since 1947: Islamic Perspectives on Inter-Faith Relations (ইংরেজি ভাষায়)। Routledge। আইএসবিএন 9781134378258। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ১০ আগস্ট ২০১৯ 
  36. Khan, Q.S.। Holy Vedas and Islam (ইংরেজি ভাষায়)। Q.S. Khan's Books। পৃষ্ঠা 44। আইএসবিএন 9789380778112। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২৬ জুলাই ২০১৯ 
  37. Abedin, Mohammad Zainal (১৯৬৬)। Mānabatāra diśārī (1 সংস্করণ)। পৃষ্ঠা 22। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২৬ অক্টোবর ২০১৯ 
  38. Bukti-bukti sains dan sejarah kerasulan Muhammad (মালয় ভাষায়)। PTS Litera Utama। ২০০৭। আইএসবিএন 9789833604531। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২৬ অক্টোবর ২০১৯ 
  39. Ved Prakash Upaddhayaya; Ashit Kumar Bandhopaddhayaya; Muhammad Alamgir (১৯৯৮)। "Muhammad in the Vedas and the Puranas"scholar.google.com। AS Noordeen। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২২ অক্টোবর ২০১৯ 
  40. Upaddhaya, Ved Prakash (২০০৮)। नराशंस और अंतिम ऋषि। Madhur Sandesh Sangam। সংগ্রহের তারিখ ১ নভেম্বর ২০১৯ 

Bibliography[সম্পাদনা]

Further reading[সম্পাদনা]


Category:Hinduism and Islam