"বার্মিংহাম" পাতাটির দুইটি সংশোধিত সংস্করণের মধ্যে পার্থক্য

পরিভ্রমণে ঝাঁপ দিন অনুসন্ধানে ঝাঁপ দিন
(সূচনা!)
 
{{Infobox settlement
<!--See the Table at Infobox Settlement for all fields and descriptions of usage-->
<!-- Basic info ---------------->
|name = Birmingham
|official_name = City of Birmingham
|other_name =
|native_name = <!-- for cities whose native name is not in English -->
|nickname = "Brum", "The Second City",<br>"City of a thousand trades",<br>"Workshop of the World"
|settlement_type = [[City]] and [[Metropolitan borough]]
|motto = Forward
<!-- images and maps ----------->
|image_skyline = Birmingham Montage 2012.jpg
|imagesize = 280px
|image_caption = From top left: Skyline of [[Birmingham City Centre]] from [[Edgbaston Cricket Ground]]; [[Selfridges Building, Birmingham|Selfridges]] in the [[Bull Ring, Birmingham|Bull Ring]]; [[Birmingham Town Hall]]; [[St Philip's Cathedral, Birmingham|St Philip's Cathedral]]; [[Alpha Tower]]; [[University of Birmingham]].
|image_flag = Flag of Birmingham.svg
|flag_size =
|image_seal =
|seal_size =
|image_shield =
|shield_size =
|image_blank_emblem = Birm 1977 arms.png
|blank_emblem_type = Coat of Arms
|blank_emblem_size =
|blank_emblem_link = Coat of arms of Birmingham
|image_map = Birmingham UK locator map.svg
|mapsize =
|map_caption = Birmingham shown within England and the West Midlands
|image_map1 =
|mapsize1 =
|map_caption1 =
|image_dot_map =
|dot_mapsize =
|dot_map_caption =
|dot_x = |dot_y =
|pushpin_map = <!-- the name of a location map as per http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Location_map -->
|pushpin_label_position = <!-- the position of the pushpin label: left, right, top, bottom, none -->
|pushpin_map_caption =
|pushpin_mapsize =
<!-- Location ------------------>
|subdivision_type = [[List of sovereign states|Sovereign state]]
|subdivision_name = [[United Kingdom]]
|subdivision_type1 = [[Countries of the United Kingdom|Constituent country]]
|subdivision_name1 = [[England]]
|subdivision_type2 = [[Regions of England|Region]]
|subdivision_name2 = [[West Midlands (region)|West Midlands]]
|subdivision_type3 = [[Ceremonial counties of England|Ceremonial county]]
|subdivision_name3 = [[West Midlands (county)|West Midlands]]
|subdivision_type4 = Admin HQ
|subdivision_name4 = [[Council House, Birmingham|The Council House]]
<!-- Politics ----------------->
|government_footnotes =
|government_type =[[Metropolitan borough]]
|governing_body =[[Government of Birmingham#Birmingham City Council|Birmingham City Council]]
|leader_title1 = Lord Mayor
|leader_name1 = John Lines - Conservative Party
|leader_title2 = Council Leader
|leader_name2 = Sir [[Albert Bore]], ([[Labour Party (UK)|L]])
|leader_title3 = Council Control
|leader_name3 = [[Labour Party (UK)|Labour]]
|leader_title4 = [[MPs elected in the UK general election, 2010|MPs]]
|leader_name4 = [[Richard Burden]] [[Labour Party (UK)|(L)]]<br />[[Liam Byrne]] [[Labour Party (UK)|(L)]]<br />[[Jack Dromey]] [[Labour Party (UK)|(L)]]<br />[[Roger Godsiff]] [[Labour Party (UK)|(L)]]<br />[[John Hemming (politician)|John Hemming]] [[Liberal Democrats|(LD)]]<br />[[Khalid Mahmood]] [[Labour Party (UK)|(L)]]<br />[[Shabana Mahmood]] [[Labour Party (UK)|(L)]]<br />[[Steve McCabe (politician)|Steve McCabe]] [[Labour Party (UK)|(L)]]<br />[[Andrew Mitchell]] [[Conservative Party (UK)|(C)]]<br />[[Gisela Stuart]] [[Labour Party (UK)|(L)]]
|established_title = Founded
|established_date = 7th century
|established_title2 = [[Municipal borough]]
|established_date2 = 1838
|established_title3 = [[City status in the United Kingdom|City]]
|established_date3 = 1889
<!-- Area --------------------->
|area_magnitude =
|unit_pref =UK <!--Enter: Imperial, if Imperial (metric) is desired-->
|area_footnotes =
|area_total_km2 = 267.77<!-- ALL fields dealing with a measurements are subject to automatic unit conversion-->
|area_land_km2 = <!--See table @ Template:Infobox Settlement for details on automatic unit conversion-->
|area_water_km2 =
|area_total_sq_mi =
|area_land_sq_mi =
|area_water_sq_mi =
|area_water_percent =
|area_urban_km2 =
|area_urban_sq_mi =
|area_metro_km2 =
|area_metro_sq_mi =
|area_blank1_title =
|area_blank1_km2 =
|area_blank1_sq_mi =
<!-- Population ----------------------->
|population_as_of =2011 census.
|population_footnotes =
|population_note =
|population_total ={{English district population|GSS=E08000025}} ([[List of English districts by population|Ranked {{English district rank|GSS=E08000025}}]])
|population_density_km2 = 4102
|population_density_sq_mi =
|population_metro = 3,683,000
|population_density_metro_km2 =
|population_density_metro_sq_mi =
|population_urban = 2,284,093
|population_density_urban_km2 =
|population_density_urban_sq_mi =
|population_blank1_title =
|population_blank1 =
|population_density_blank1_title =
|population_density_blank1_km2 =
|population_density_blank1_sq_mi =
|population_blank2_title = Ethnicity <br /><small>(2011 census)<ref name="ons.gov.uk">{{cite web |url=http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/census/2011-census/key-statistics-for-local-authorities-in-england-and-wales/rft-table-ks201ew.xls |title=2011 Census: Ethnic group, local authorities in England and Wales |publisher=ONS |accessdate=12 December 2012}}</ref> </small>
|population_blank2 = 57.9% White (53.1% [[White British]])<br />25.4% [[British Asian|South Asian]]<br />8.9% [[Black British|Black]]<br /> 4.4% [[British Mixed|Mixed Race]]<br />1.2% [[British Chinese|Chinese]]<br />2% Other
|population_density_blank2_km2 =
|population_density_blank2_sq_mi =
<!-- General information --------------->
|timezone = [[Greenwich Mean Time|GMT]]
|utc_offset = +0
|timezone_DST = [[British Summer Time|BST]]
|utc_offset_DST = +1
|coordinates_type =region:GB_type:city
|coordinates_display = inline,title
|latd=52 |latm=28 |lats=59 |latNS=N
|longd=1 |longm=53 |longs=37 |longEW=W
|elevation_footnotes = <!--for references: use tags-->
|elevation_m = 140
|elevation_ft =
<!-- Area/postal codes & others -------->
|postal_code_type = Postcode
|postal_code =[[B postcode area|B]]
|area_code = 0121
|iso_code = GB-BIR
|blank1_name = [[ONS coding system|ONS code]]
|blank1_info = 00CN (ONS)<br />E08000025 (GSS)
|blank2_name = [[British national grid reference system|OS grid reference]]
|blank2_info = {{gbmappingsmall|SP066868}}
|blank3_name = [[Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics|NUTS]] 3
|blank3_info = UKG31
|blank4_name =
|blank4_info =
|website = [http://www.birmingham.gov.uk/ birmingham.gov.uk]
|footnotes =
}}
'''বার্মিংহ্যাম''' ({{IPAc-en|audio=en-uk-Birmingham.ogg|ˈ|b|ɜː|m|ɪ|ŋ|əm}} {{respell|BUR|ming-əm}}, স্থানীয়ভাবে {{IPAc-en|ˈ|b|ɜː|m|ɪ|ŋ|ɡ|əm}} {{Respell|BUR|ming-gəm}}) মধ্য ইংল্যান্ডের ওয়েস্ট মিডল্যান্ডসের অন্যতম শহর। [[ব্রিটেন|ব্রিটেনের]] দ্বিতীয় বৃহত্তম [[শহর]] ও প্রধান শিল্পকেন্দ্র এটি। ধাতব যন্ত্র শিল্প-কারখানায় বিখ্যাত এ শহরের চতুর্দিকে রেল সড়ক ও হাইওয়ে ছড়িয়ে-ছিটিয়ে রয়েছে। এছাড়াও প্রধান ধাতব উৎপাদনকারী শিল্পের মধ্যে মোটরযানের যন্ত্রাংশ, ক্রীড়া বন্দুক, [[অলঙ্কার]], বৈদ্যুতিক যন্ত্রাংশ, গ্লাস, রাবারজাত মালামাল, রাসায়নিক দ্রব্য ইত্যাদি উল্লেখযোগ্য। শহরটি গুরুত্বপূর্ণ কয়লা-খনি অঞ্চলে অবস্থিত।
 
 
'''বার্মিংহ্যাম''' ({{lang-en|Birmingham}}) মধ্য ইংল্যান্ডের ওয়েস্ট মিডল্যান্ডসের অন্যতম শহর। [[ব্রিটেন|ব্রিটেনের]] দ্বিতীয় বৃহত্তম [[শহর]] ও প্রধান শিল্পকেন্দ্র এটি। ধাতব যন্ত্র শিল্প-কারখানায় বিখ্যাত এ শহরের চতুর্দিকে রেল সড়ক ও হাইওয়ে ছড়িয়ে-ছিটিয়ে রয়েছে। এছাড়াও প্রধান ধাতব উৎপাদনকারী শিল্পের মধ্যে মোটরযানের যন্ত্রাংশ, ক্রীড়া বন্দুক, [[অলঙ্কার]], বৈদ্যুতিক যন্ত্রাংশ, গ্লাস, রাবারজাত মালামাল, রাসায়নিক দ্রব্য ইত্যাদি উল্লেখযোগ্য। শহরটি গুরুত্বপূর্ণ কয়লা-খনি অঞ্চলে অবস্থিত।
== তথ্যসূত্র ==
 
{{Reflist}}
 
== গ্রন্থপঞ্জী ==
===Bibliography===
{{Refbegin}}
* {{gutenberg|no=13926|name=An History of Birmingham (1783) by William Hutton}}
* {{cite book|ref=harv|last=Berg|first=Maxine|editor1-first=Maxine|editor1-last=Berg|title=Markets and Manufacture in Early Industrial Europe|url=http://books.google.com/?id=NfkNAAAAQAAJ|accessdate=27 November 2011|year=1991|publisher=Routledge|location=London|isbn=0-415-03720-4|pages=173–202|chapter=Commerce and Creativity in Eighteenth-Century Birmingham|chapterurl=http://books.google.com/?id=NfkNAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA173}}
* {{cite book|ref=harv|last=Briggs|first=Asa|authorlink=Asa Briggs|title=Victorian Cities|origyear=1963|url=http://books.google.com/?id=_mWoFbgJsg8C|accessdate=17 December 2011|year=1965|publisher=University of California Press|location=Berkeley, CA|isbn=0-520-07922-1|chapter=Birmingham: The making of a Civic Gospel|chapterurl=http://books.google.com/?id=_mWoFbgJsg8C&pg=PA184}}
* {{Cite book|author=Gordon E. Cherry|title=Birmingham A Study in Geography, History and Planning|year=1994|isbn=0-471-94900-0}}
* {{cite book|ref=harv|last=Hodder|first=Mike|title=Birmingham: the hidden history|year=2004|publisher=Tempus Publishing|location=Stroud|isbn=0-7524-3135-8}}
* {{cite book|ref=harv|last=Hopkins|first=Eric|title=Birmingham: The First Manufacturing Town in the World, 1760–1840|year=1989|publisher=Weidenfeld & Nicolson|location=London|isbn=0-297-79473-6}}
* {{cite book|ref=harv|last=Jones|first=Peter M.|title=Industrial Enlightenment: Science, technology and culture in Birmingham and the West Midlands, 1760–1820|year=2008|publisher=Manchester University Press|location=Manchester|isbn=0-7190-7770-2}}
* {{cite book|ref=harv|last=Leather|first=Peter|title=A brief history of Birmingham|year=2001|publisher=Brewin Books|location=Studley|isbn=1-85858-187-7}}
* {{cite book|ref=harv|last=Ward|first=Roger|title=City-state and nation: Birmingham's political history, 1830–1940|year=2005|publisher=Phillimore|location=Chichester|isbn=1-86077-320-6}}
{{Refend}}
 
== বহিঃসংযোগ ==
{{Sister project links|voy=Birmingham (England)}}
* [http://www.birmingham.gov.uk/ Birmingham City Council]
* [http://www.bebirmingham.org.uk/ Local Strategic Partnership for Birmingham]
* [http://www.birminghamcivicsociety.org.uk/ The Birmingham Civic Society]
* {{Wikivoyage-inline|Birmingham (England)|Birmingham}}
* {{OpenDomesday|SP0786|birmingham}}
 
{{UK cities}}
 
[[বিষয়শ্রেণী:ওয়েস্ট মিডল্যান্ডস]]
* [http://www.birmingham.gov.uk Birmingham City Council]
[[বিষয়শ্রেণী:বার্মিংহাম]]
* [http://www.birmingham.org.uk Birmingham tourism site]
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