জন রল্‌স

উইকিপিডিয়া, মুক্ত বিশ্বকোষ থেকে
জন রল্‌স
John Rawls
চিত্র:John Rawls.jpg
জন রল্‌স
জন্ম জন বর্ডলি রল্‌স (John Bordley Rawls)
(১৯২১-০২-২১)ফেব্রুয়ারি ২১, ১৯২১
বার্টিমোর, ম্যারিল্যান্ড
মৃত্যু নভেম্বর ২৪, ২০০২(২০০২-১১-২৪) (৮১ বছর)
ল্যাক্সিংটন, ম্যাসাচুসেটস
যুগ ২০-শতকের দর্শন
অঞ্চল পশ্চাত্য দর্শন
ধারা বিশ্লেষণমূলক দর্শন
আগ্রহ
শিক্ষায়তন Princeton
প্রতিষ্ঠান

As faculty member

হার্ভাড
কর্ণেল
এমআইটি

As fellow

Christ Church, Oxford
অবদান
পুরস্কার Rolf Schock Prizes in Logic and Philosophy (1999)

জন রল্‌স (ইংরেজি John Rawls জন্‌ রল্‌জ়্‌) একজন মার্কিন দার্শনিক ছিলেন।

প্রকাশনা[সম্পাদনা]

পুস্তকপঞ্জী[সম্পাদনা]

  • A Theory of Justice. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1971. The revised edition of 1999 incorporates changes that Rawls made for translated editions of A Theory of Justice. Some Rawls scholars use the abbreviation TJ to refer to this work.
  • Political Liberalism. The John Dewey Essays in Philosophy, 4. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993. The hardback edition published in 1993 is not identical. The paperback adds a valuable new introduction and an essay titled "Reply to Habermas." Some Rawls scholars use the abbreviation PL to refer to this work.
  • The Law of Peoples: with "The Idea of Public Reason Revisited." Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1999. This slim book includes two works; a further development of his essay entitled "The Law of Peoples" and another entitled "Public Reason Revisited", both published earlier in his career.
  • Collected Papers. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1999. This collection of shorter papers was edited by Samuel Freeman.
  • Lectures on the History of Moral Philosophy. Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press, 2000. This collection of lectures was edited by Barbara Herman. It has an introduction on modern moral philosophy from 1600–1800 and then lectures on Hume, Leibniz, Kant, and Hegel.
  • Justice as Fairness: A Restatement. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Belknap Press, 2001. This shorter summary of the main arguments of Rawls's political philosophy was edited by Erin Kelly. Many versions of this were circulated in typescript and much of the material was delivered by Rawls in lectures when he taught courses covering his own work at Harvard University.
  • Lectures on the History of Political Philosophy. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2007. Collection of lectures on Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Joseph Butler, J.J. Rousseau, David Hume, J.S. Mill, and Karl Marx, edited by Samuel Freeman.
  • A Brief Inquiry into the Meaning of Sin and Faith. Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press, 2010. With introduction and commentary by Thomas Nagel, Joshua Cohen, and Robert Merrihew Adams. Senior thesis, Princeton, 1942. This volume includes a brief late essay by Rawls entitled On My Religion.

নিবন্ধ[সম্পাদনা]

  • "A Study in the Grounds of Ethical Knowledge: Considered with Reference to Judgments on the Moral Worth of Character." Ph.D. Dissertation, Princeton University, 1950.
  • "Outline of a Decision Procedure for Ethics." Philosophical Review (April 1951), 60 (2): 177-197.
  • "Two Concepts of Rules." Philosophical Review (January 1955), 64 (1):3-32.
  • "Justice as Fairness." Journal of Philosophy (October 24, 1957), 54 (22): 653-662.
  • "Justice as Fairness." Philosophical Review (April 1958), 67 (2): 164-194.
  • "The Sense of Justice." Philosophical Review (July 1963), 72 (3): 281-305.
  • "Constitutional Liberty and the Concept of Justice" Nomos VI (1963) (in the notes to the second volume of his Law, Legislation and Liberty, Hayek refers to this article to show that Rawls agreed with the Lockean conception that what could be just or unjust was the way competition was carried on, not its results)
  • "Distributive Justice: Some Addenda." Natural Law Forum (1968), 13: 51-71.
  • "Reply to Lyons and Teitelman." Journal of Philosophy (October 5, 1972), 69 (18): 556-557.
  • "Reply to Alexander and Musgrave." Quarterly Journal of Economics (November 1974), 88 (4): 633-655.
  • "Some Reasons for the Maximin Criterion." American Economic Review (May 1974), 64 (2): 141-146.
  • "Fairness to Goodness." Philosophical Review (October 1975), 84 (4): 536-554.
  • "The Independence of Moral Theory." Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association (November 1975), 48: 5-22.
  • "A Kantian Conception of Equality." Cambridge Review (February 1975), 96 (2225): 94-99.
  • "The Basic Structure as Subject." American Philosophical Quarterly (April 1977), 14 (2): 159-165.
  • "Kantian Constructivism in Moral Theory." Journal of Philosophy (September 1980), 77 (9): 515-572.
  • "Justice as Fairness: Political not Metaphysical." Philosophy & Public Affairs (Summer 1985), 14 (3): 223-251.
  • "The Idea of an Overlapping Consensus." Oxford Journal for Legal Studies (Spring 1987), 7 (1): 1-25.
  • "The Priority of Right and Ideas of the Good." Philosophy & Public Affairs (Fall 1988), 17 (4): 251-276.
  • "The Domain of the Political and Overlapping Consensus." New York University Law Review (May 1989), 64 (2): 233-255.
  • "Roderick Firth: His Life and Work." Philosophy and Phenomenological Research (March 1991), 51 (1): 109-118.
  • "The Law of Peoples." Critical Inquiry (Fall 1993), 20 (1): 36-68.
  • "Political Liberalism: Reply to Habermas." Journal of Philosophy (March 1995), 92 (3):132-180.
  • "The Idea of Public Reason Revisited," Chicago Law Review (1997), 64 (3): 765-807. [PRR]

পুস্তক অধ্যায়[সম্পাদনা]

  • "Constitutional Liberty and the Concept of Justice." In Carl J. Friedrich and John W. Chapman, eds., Nomos, VI: Justice, pp. 98–125. Yearbook of the American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy. New York: Atherton Press, 1963.
  • "Legal Obligation and the Duty of Fair Play." In Sidney Hook, ed., Law and Philosophy: A Symposium, pp. 3–18. New York: New York University Press, 1964. Proceedings of the 6th Annual New York University Institute of Philosophy.
  • "Distributive Justice." In Peter Laslett and W. G. Runciman, eds., Philosophy, Politics, and Society. Third Series, pp. 58–82. London: Blackwell; New York: Barnes & Noble, 1967.
  • "The Justification of Civil Disobedience." In Hugo Adam Bedau, ed., Civil Disobedience: Theory and Practice, pp. 240–255. New York: Pegasus Books, 1969.
  • "Justice as Reciprocity." In Samuel Gorovitz, ed., Utilitarianism: John Stuart Mill: With Critical Essays, pp. 242–268. New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1971.
  • "Author's Note." In Thomas Schwartz, ed., Freedom and Authority: An Introduction to Social and Political Philosophy, p. 260. Encino & Belmont, California: Dickenson, 1973.
  • "Distributive Justice." In Edmund S. Phelps, ed., Economic Justice: Selected Readings, pp. 319–362. Penguin Modern Economics Readings. Harmondsworth & Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1973.
  • "Personal Communication, January 31, 1976." In Thomas Nagel's "The Justification of Equality." Critica (April 1978), 10 (28): 9n4.
  • "The Basic Liberties and Their Priority." In Sterling M. McMurrin, ed., The Tanner Lectures on Human Values, III (1982), pp. 1–87. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press; Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.
  • "Social Unity and Primary Goods." In Amartya Sen and Bernard Williams, eds., Utilitarianism and Beyond, pp. 159–185. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; Paris: Editions de la Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, 1982.
  • "Themes in Kant's Moral Philosophy." In Eckhart Forster, ed., Kant's Transcendental Deductions: The Three Critiques and the Opus postumum, pp. 81–113, 253-256. Stanford Series in Philosophy. Studies in Kant and German Idealism. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 1989.

সমালোচনা[সম্পাদনা]

  • Review of Axel Hägerström's Inquiries into the Nature of Law and Morals (C.D. Broad, tr.). Mind (July 1955), 64 (255):421-422.
  • Review of Stephen Toulmin's An Examination of the Place of Reason in Ethics (1950). Philosophical Review (October 1951), 60 (4): 572-580.
  • Review of A. Vilhelm Lundstedt's Legal Thinking Revised. Cornell Law Quarterly (1959), 44: 169.
  • Review of Raymond Klibansky, ed., Philosophy in Mid-Century: A Survey. Philosophical Review (January 1961), 70 (1): 131-132.
  • Review of Richard B. Brandt, ed., Social Justice (1962). Philosophical Review (July 1965), 74(3): 406-409.

আরও দেখুন[সম্পাদনা]

টীকা[সম্পাদনা]

তথ্যসূত্র[সম্পাদনা]

  • Freeman, S. (2007) Rawls (Routledge, Abingdon)
  • Freeman, Samuel (2009) "Original Position" (The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, [১])
  • Rawls, J. (1993/1996/2005) Political Liberalism (Columbia University Press, New York)
  • Rawls, John (১৯৭১)। A Theory of Justice (Original সংস্করণ)। Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press। আইএসবিএন 0674017722 
  • Rawls, John (২০০১)। Justice as Fairness: A Restatement (2nd সংস্করণ)। Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press। আইএসবিএন 9780674005112 
  • Rogers, B. (27.09.02) "Obituary: John Rawls" [২]
  • Tampio, N. (2011) "A Defense of Political Constructivism" (Contemporary Political Theory, [৩])
  • Wenar, Leif (2008) "John Rawls" (The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, [৪])

বহি:সংযোগ[সম্পাদনা]

টেমপ্লেট:John Rawls টেমপ্লেট:Schock Prize laureates টেমপ্লেট:Ethics টেমপ্লেট:Jurisprudence