আলাপ:বাংলাদেশের স্বাধীনতার ঘোষণাপত্র
|এই পাতাটি বাংলাদেশের স্বাধীনতার ঘোষণাপত্র নিবন্ধের উন্নয়ন নিয়ে আলোচনার জন্য আলাপ পাতা।|
নিবন্ধ সম্পাদনার নীতিমালা
মূল ইংরেজী ভাষ্য[সম্পাদনা]
THE PROCLAMATION OF INDEPENDENCE
Mujibnagar, Bangladesh Dated 10th day of April, 1971
Whedreas free elections were held in Bangladesh from 7th December, 1970 to 17th January, 1971, to elect representatives for the purpose of framing constitutions,
AND Whereas at those elections the people of Bangladesh elected 167 out of 169 representatives belonging to Awami League, AND Whereas General Yahya Khan summoned the elected representatives of the people to meet on the 3rd March, 1971, for the purpose of framing a Constitution, AND Whereas the Assembly so summoned was arbitrarily and illegally postponed for indefinite period, AND Whereas instead of fulfilling their promise and while still conferring with the representatives of the people of Bangladesh, Pakistan authorities declared an unjust and treacherous war, AND
Whereas in the facts and circumstances of such treacherous conduct Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the undisputed leader of the 75 million people of Bangladesh, in due fulfillment of the legitimate right of self-determination of the people of Bangladesh, duly made a declaration of independence at Dacca on March 26, 1971, and urged the people of Bangladesh to defend the honour and integrity of Bangladesh, AND
Whereas in conduct of vruthless and savage war the Pakistani authorities committed and are still continuously committing numerous acts of genocide and unprecedented tortures, amomgst others on the civilian and unarmed people of Bangaldesh,
Whereas the Government by levying an unjust war and committing genocide and by other repressive measures made it impossible for the elected representatives of the people of Bangladesh to meet and frame Constitution, and give to themselves a Government,
Whereas the people of Bangladesh by their heroism, bravery and revolutionary fervor have esatablished effective control over the territories of Bangladesh,
We the elected representatives of the people of Bangladesh, as honoured bound by the mandate given to us by the people of Bangladesh whose will is supreme duly constituted ourselves into a Constituent Assembly, and having held mutual consultations, and in order to ensure for the people of Bangladesh equality, human dignity and social justice,
declare and constitute Bangladesh to be sovereign Peoples’ Republic and thereby confirm the declaration of independence already made by Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, and
do here affirm and resolve that till such time as a Constitution is framed , Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman shall be the President of the Republic and that Syed Nazrul Islam shall be the Vice-President of the Republic, and
that the Prresident shall be the Supreme Commander of all Armed Forces of the Republic,
shall excersise all the Executive and Legislative powers of the Republic including the power to grant pardon,
shall have the power to appoint a Prime Minister and such other Ministers as he considers necessary,
shall have the power to levy taxes and expend moniws,
shall have the power to summon and adjourn the Constituent Assemnly, and
do all other things that may be necessary to give to the People of Bangladesh an orderly and just Government,
We the elected representatives of the People of Bangladesh do further resolve that in the even of there bring no President or the President being unable to enter upon his office or being unable to exercise his powers and duties due to sny reason whatsoever, the Vice-President shall have and exercise all the powers, duries and responsibilities herein conferred on the President,
We further resolve that we undertake to observeand give effect to all duties and obligations that devolve upon us a member of the family of nations and under the Charter of United Nations.
We further resolve that this proclamation of independence shall be declared to have into effect from 26th day of March, 1971.
We further resolve that in order to give effect to this instrument we appoint Prof. Yusuf Ali our duly Constituted Potentiary and give to the President and the Vice-President oaths of office.
আইনের ধারাবাহিকতা রক্ষার অধ্যাদেশ। যে কোন নতুন রাষ্ট্র জন্ম নিলে ঐদেশে পূর্বতন আইনসমূহের জনস্বার্থে ধারাবাহিকতা বজায় রাখার প্রয়োজন হতে পারে, সেই লক্ষ্যে বাংলাদেশ সরকারও প্রেসিডেন্ট কর্তৃক জারিকৃত একটি অধ্যাদেশের মাধ্যমে এই ধারাবাহিকতাকে রক্ষা করার প্রয়াস পায়। সরকার এই মর্মে ১০ই এপ্রিল তারিখে উপরাষ্ট্রপতির স্বাক্ষরিত একটি অধ্যাদেশ জারি করা হয়। এটির শিরোনাম ও বিষয়বস্তু নিম্নরূপ:
LAWS CONTINUANCE ENFORCEMENT ORDER
Mujibnagar, Dated 10th day of April, 1971
I, Syed Nazrul Islam, the Vice-President and Acting President of Bangladesh, in ecersise of the powers conferred on by the Proclamation of Independence dated tenth day of April, 1971 do hereby order that all laws that were in force in Bangladesh on 25th March, 1971, shall subject to the Proclamation afiresaid continue to be so in force with such consequential changes as may be necessary on account of the creation of the sovereign independent State of Bangladesh formed by the will of the people of Bangladesh and that all government officials _ civil, military, judicial and diplomatic who take the oath of allegiance to Bangladesh shall continue in their offices on terms and conditions of service so long enjoyed by them and that all District Judges and District Magistrates, in the territory of Bangladesh and all diplomatic representatives elsewhere shall arrange to administer the oath of allegiance to all government officials within their jurisdiction. This order shall be deemed to have come into effect from 26th day of March, 1971.
Signed: SYED NAZRUL ISLAM Acting President