মৌলসমূহের ইলেকট্রন বিন্যাস (উপাত্ত পাতা)

উইকিপিডিয়া, মুক্ত বিশ্বকোষ থেকে
(Electron configurations of the elements (data page) থেকে ঘুরে এসেছে)

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ইলেকট্রন বিন্যাস[সম্পাদনা]

Electron configurations of the neutral gaseous atoms in the ground state. Given by subshells in concise form, by subshells written out, and by number of electrons per shell.

Legend
1s 2s 2p 3s 3p 3d 4s 4p 4d 4f 5s 5p 5d 5f 6s 6p 6d 7s 7p
1 H hydrogen : 1s1
1s1
1
2 He helium : 1s2
1s2
2
3 Li lithium : 1s2 2s1
1s2 2s1
2 1
4 Be beryllium : 1s2 2s2
1s2 2s2
2 2
5 B boron : 1s2 2s2 2p1
1s2 2s2 2p1
2 3
6 C carbon : 1s2 2s2 2p2
1s2 2s2 2p2
2 4
7 N nitrogen : 1s2 2s2 2p3
1s2 2s2 2p3
2 5
8 O oxygen : 1s2 2s2 2p4
1s2 2s2 2p4
2 6
9 F fluorine : 1s2 2s2 2p5
1s2 2s2 2p5
2 7
10 Ne neon : 1s2 2s2 2p6
1s2 2s2 2p6
2 8
11 Na sodium : [Ne] 3s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s1
2 8 1
12 Mg magnesium : [Ne] 3s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2
2 8 2
13 Al aluminium : [Ne] 3s2 3p1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p1
2 8 3
14 Si silicon : [Ne] 3s2 3p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p2
2 8 4
15 P phosphorus : [Ne] 3s2 3p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p3
2 8 5
16 S sulfur : [Ne] 3s2 3p4
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4
2 8 6
17 Cl chlorine : [Ne] 3s2 3p5
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5
2 8 7
18 Ar argon : [Ne] 3s2 3p6
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6
2 8 8
19 K potassium : [Ar] 4s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s1
2 8 8 1
20 Ca calcium : [Ar] 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2
2 8 8 2
21 Sc scandium : [Ar] 3d1 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d1 4s2
2 8 9 2
22 Ti titanium : [Ar] 3d2 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d2 4s2
2 8 10 2
23 V vanadium : [Ar] 3d3 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d3 4s2
2 8 11 2
24 Cr chromium : [Ar] 3d5 4s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d5 4s1
2 8 13 1
25 Mn manganese : [Ar] 3d5 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d5 4s2
2 8 13 2
26 Fe iron : [Ar] 3d6 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d6 4s2
2 8 14 2
27 Co cobalt : [Ar] 3d7 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d7 4s2
2 8 15 2
28 Ni nickel : [Ar] 3d8 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d8 4s2
2 8 16 2
29 Cu copper : [Ar] 3d10 4s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s1
2 8 18 1
30 Zn zinc : [Ar] 3d10 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2
2 8 18 2
31 Ga gallium : [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p1
2 8 18 3
32 Ge germanium : [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p2
2 8 18 4
33 As arsenic : [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p3
2 8 18 5
34 Se selenium : [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p4
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p4
2 8 18 6
35 Br bromine : [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p5
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p5
2 8 18 7
36 Kr krypton : [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p6
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6
2 8 18 8
37 Rb rubidium : [Kr] 5s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 5s1
2 8 18 8 1
38 Sr strontium : [Kr] 5s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 5s2
2 8 18 8 2
39 Y yttrium : [Kr] 4d1 5s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d1 5s2
2 8 18 9 2
40 Zr zirconium : [Kr] 4d2 5s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d2 5s2
2 8 18 10 2
41 Nb niobium : [Kr] 4d4 5s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d4 5s1
2 8 18 12 1
42 Mo molybdenum : [Kr] 4d5 5s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d5 5s1
2 8 18 13 1
43 Tc technetium : [Kr] 4d5 5s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d5 5s2
2 8 18 13 2
44 Ru ruthenium : [Kr] 4d7 5s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d7 5s1
2 8 18 15 1
45 Rh rhodium : [Kr] 4d8 5s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d8 5s1
2 8 18 16 1
46 Pd palladium : [Kr] 4d10
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10
2 8 18 18
47 Ag silver : [Kr] 4d10 5s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s1
2 8 18 18 1
48 Cd cadmium : [Kr] 4d10 5s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2
2 8 18 18 2
49 In indium : [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p1
2 8 18 18 3
50 Sn tin : [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p2
2 8 18 18 4
51 Sb antimony : [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p3
2 8 18 18 5
52 Te tellurium : [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p4
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p4
53 I iodine : [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p5
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p5
2 8 18 18 7
54 Xe xenon : [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6
2 8 18 18 8
55 Cs caesium : [Xe] 6s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 6s1
2 8 18 18 8 1
56 Ba barium : [Xe] 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 6s2
2 8 18 18 8 2
57 La lanthanum : [Xe] 5d1 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6 5d1 6s2
2 8 18 18 9 2
58 Ce cerium : [Xe] 4f1 5d1 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f1 5s2 5p6 5d1 6s2
2 8 18 19 9 2
59 Pr praseodymium : [Xe] 4f3 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f3 5s2 5p6 6s2
2 8 18 21 8 2
60 Nd neodymium : [Xe] 4f4 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f4 5s2 5p6 6s2
2 8 18 22 8 2
61 Pm promethium : [Xe] 4f5 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f5 5s2 5p6 6s2
2 8 18 23 8 2
62 Sm samarium : [Xe] 4f6 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f6 5s2 5p6 6s2
2 8 18 24 8 2
63 Eu europium : [Xe] 4f7 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f7 5s2 5p6 6s2
2 8 18 25 8 2
64 Gd gadolinium : [Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f7 5s2 5p6 5d1 6s2
2 8 18 25 9 2
65 Tb terbium : [Xe] 4f9 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f9 5s2 5p6 6s2
2 8 18 27 8 2
66 Dy dysprosium : [Xe] 4f10 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f10 5s2 5p6 6s2
2 8 18 28 8 2
67 Ho holmium : [Xe] 4f11 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f11 5s2 5p6 6s2
2 8 18 29 8 2
68 Er erbium : [Xe] 4f12 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f12 5s2 5p6 6s2
2 8 18 30 8 2
69 Tm thulium : [Xe] 4f13 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f13 5s2 5p6 6s2
2 8 18 31 8 2
70 Yb ytterbium : [Xe] 4f14 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 6s2
2 8 18 32 8 2
71 Lu lutetium : [Xe] 4f14 5d1 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d1 6s2
2 8 18 32 9 2
72 Hf hafnium : [Xe] 4f14 5d2 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d2 6s2
2 8 18 32 10 2
73 Ta tantalum : [Xe] 4f14 5d3 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d3 6s2
2 8 18 32 11 2
74 W tungsten : [Xe] 4f14 5d4 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d4 6s2
2 8 18 32 12 2
75 Re rhenium : [Xe] 4f14 5d5 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d5 6s2
2 8 18 32 13 2
76 Os osmium : [Xe] 4f14 5d6 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d6 6s2
2 8 18 32 14 2
77 Ir iridium : [Xe] 4f14 5d7 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d7 6s2
2 8 18 32 15 2
78 Pt platinum : [Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d9 6s1
2 8 18 32 17 1
79 Au gold : [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 6s1
2 8 18 32 18 1
80 Hg mercury : [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 6s2
2 8 18 32 18 2
81 Tl thallium : [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 6s2 6p1
2 8 18 32 18 3
82 Pb lead : [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 6s2 6p2
2 8 18 32 18 4
83 Bi bismuth : [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 6s2 6p3
2 8 18 32 18 5
84 Po polonium : [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p4
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 6s2 6p4
2 8 18 32 18 6
85 At astatine : [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p5
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 6s2 6p5
2 8 18 32 18 7
86 Rn radon : [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p6
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 6s2 6p6
2 8 18 32 18 8
87 Fr francium : [Rn] 7s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 6s2 6p6 7s1
2 8 18 32 18 8 1
88 Ra radium : [Rn] 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 6s2 6p6 7s2
2 8 18 32 18 8 2
89 Ac actinium : [Rn] 6d1 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 6s2 6p6 6d1 7s2
2 8 18 32 18 9 2
90 Th thorium : [Rn] 6d2 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 6s2 6p6 6d2 7s2
2 8 18 32 18 10 2
91 Pa protactinium : [Rn] 5f2 6d1 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 5f2 6s2 6p6 6d1 7s2
2 8 18 32 20 9 2
92 U uranium : [Rn] 5f3 6d1 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 5f3 6s2 6p6 6d1 7s2
2 8 18 32 21 9 2
93 Np neptunium : [Rn] 5f4 6d1 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 5f4 6s2 6p6 6d1 7s2
2 8 18 32 22 9 2
94 Pu plutonium : [Rn] 5f6 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 5f6 6s2 6p6 7s2
2 8 18 32 24 8 2
95 Am americium : [Rn] 5f7 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 5f7 6s2 6p6 7s2
2 8 18 32 25 8 2
96 Cm curium : [Rn] 5f7 6d1 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 5f7 6s2 6p6 6d1 7s2
2 8 18 32 25 9 2
97 Bk berkelium : [Rn] 5f9 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 5f9 6s2 6p6 7s2
2 8 18 32 27 8 2
98 Cf californium : [Rn] 5f10 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 5f10 6s2 6p6 7s2
2 8 18 32 28 8 2
99 Es einsteinium : [Rn] 5f11 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 5f11 6s2 6p6 7s2
2 8 18 32 29 8 2
100 Fm fermium : [Rn] 5f12 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 5f12 6s2 6p6 7s2
2 8 18 32 30 8 2
101 Md mendelevium : [Rn] 5f13 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 5f13 6s2 6p6 7s2
2 8 18 32 31 8 2
102 No nobelium : [Rn] 5f14 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6s2 6p6 7s2
2 8 18 32 32 8 2
103 Lr lawrencium : probably [Rn] 5f14 7s2 7p1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6s2 6p6 7s2 7p1
2 8 18 32 32 8 3
104 Rf rutherfordium : probably [Rn] 5f14 6d2 7s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6s2 6p6 6d2 7s2
2 8 18 32 32 10 2

তথ্যসূত্র[সম্পাদনা]

NIST[সম্পাদনা]

This website is also cited in the CRC Handbook as source of Section 1, subsection Electron Configuration of Neutral Atoms in the Ground State.

  • 91 Pa : [Rn] 5f2(3H4) 6d 7s2
  • 92 U : [Rn] 5f3(4Io9/2) 6d 7s2
  • 93 Np : [Rn] 5f4(5I4) 6d 7s2
  • 103 Lr : [Rn] 5f14 7s2 7p1 question-marked
  • 104 Rf : [Rn] 5f14 6d2 7s2 question-marked

CRC[সম্পাদনা]

  • David R. Lide (ed), CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 84th Edition, online version. CRC Press. Boca Raton, Florida, 2003; Section 1, Basic Constants, Units, and Conversion Factors; Electron Configuration of Neutral Atoms in the Ground State. (elements 1–104)
  • Also subsection Periodic Table of the Elements, (elements 1–103) based on:
    • G. J. Leigh, Editor, Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1990.
    • Chemical and Engineering News, 63(5), 27, 1985.
    • Atomic Weights of the Elements, 1999, Pure & Appl. Chem., 73, 667, 2001.

WebElements[সম্পাদনা]

  • http://www.webelements.com/ ; retrieved July 2005, electron configurations based on:
    • Atomic, Molecular, & Optical Physics Handbook, Ed. Gordon W. F. Drake, American Institute of Physics, Woodbury, New York, USA, 1996.
    • J.E. Huheey, E.A. Keiter, and R.L. Keiter in Inorganic Chemistry : Principles of Structure and Reactivity, 4th edition, HarperCollins, New York, USA, 1993.
    • R.L. DeKock and H.B. Gray in Chemical Structure and bonding, Benjamin/Cummings, Menlo Park, California, USA, 1980.
    • A.M. James and M.P. Lord in Macmillan's Chemical and Physical Data, Macmillan, London, UK, 1992.
  • 103 Lr : [Rn].5f14.7s2.7p1 tentative ; 2.8.18.32.32.9.2 [inconsistent]
  • 104 Rf : [Rn].5f14.6d2.7s2 tentative
  • 105 Db : [Rn].5f14.6d3.7s2 (a guess based upon that of tantalum) ; 2.8.18.32.32.11.2
  • 106 Sg : [Rn].5f14.6d4.7s2 (a guess based upon that of tungsten) ; 2.8.18.32.32.12.2
  • 107 Bh : [Rn].5f14.6d5.7s2 (a guess based upon that of rhenium) ; 2.8.18.32.32.13.2
  • 108 Hs : [Rn].5f14.6d6.7s2 (a guess based upon that of osmium) ; 2.8.18.32.32.14.2
  • 109 Mt : [Rn].5f14.6d7.7s2 (a guess based upon that of iridium) ; 2.8.18.32.32.15.2
  • 110 Ds : [Rn].5f14.6d9.7s1 (a guess based upon that of platinum) ; 2.8.18.32.32.17.1
  • 111 Rg : [Rn].5f14.6d10.7s1 (a guess based upon that of gold) ; 2.8.18.32.32.18.1
  • 112 Cn : [Rn].5f14.6d10.7s2 (a guess based upon that of mercury) ; 2.8.18.32.32.18.2
  • 113 Uut : [Rn].5f14.6d10.7s2.7p1 (a guess based upon that of thallium) ; 2.8.18.32.32.18.3
  • 114 Uuq : [Rn].5f14.6d10.7s2.7p2 (a guess based upon that of lead) ; 2.8.18.32.32.18.4
  • 115 Uup : [Rn].5f14.6d10.7s2.7p3 (a guess based upon that of bismuth) ; 2.8.18.32.32.18.5
  • 116 Uuh : [Rn].5f14.6d10.7s2.7p4 (a guess based upon that of polonium) ; 2.8.18.32.32.18.6
  • 117 Uus : [Rn].5f14.6d10.7s2.7p5 (a guess based upon that of astatine) ; 2.8.18.32.32.18.7
  • 118 Uuo : [Rn].5f14.6d10.7s2.7p6 (a guess based upon that of radon) ; 2.8.18.32.32.18.8

Lange[সম্পাদনা]

  • J.A. Dean (ed), Lange's Handbook of Chemistry (15th Edition), online version, McGraw-Hill, 1999; Section 4, Table 4.1 Electronic Configuration and Properties of the Elements. (Elements 1–103)
  • 97 Bk : [Rn] 5f8 6d 7s2
  • 103 Lr : [Rn] 4f14 [sic] 6d 7s2

Hill and Petrucci[সম্পাদনা]

  • Hill and Petrucci, General Chemistry: An Integrated Approach (3rd edition), Prentice Hall. (Elements 1–106)
  • 58 Ce : [Xe] 4f2 6s2
  • 103 Lr : [Rn] 5f14 6d1 7s2
  • 104 Rf : [Rn] 5f14 6d2 7s2 (agrees with guess above)
  • 105 Db : [Rn] 5f14 6d3 7s2
  • 106 Sg : [Rn] 5f14 6d4 7s2

আরও দেখুন[সম্পাদনা]

বহিঃসংযোগ[সম্পাদনা]